1278 words - 6 pages
25 March 2008
Single Parent Struggle
For many years, children growing up in a single parent family have been viewed
as different. Being raised by only one parent seems impossible to many yet over the
decades it has become more prevalent. In today’s society many children have grown up
to become emotionally stable and successful whether they had one or two parents to show
them the rocky path that life bestows upon all human beings. The problem lies in the
difference of children raised by single parents versus children raised by both a mother
and a father. Does a child need both parents? Does a young boy need a father figure
around? Does the...
1636 words - 7 pages
Ron Deal wrote “Dating and the Single Parent”. He starts his book with a foreword, as most books do. However, this is one of the most powerful portions of the book because it gives the reasons for the book. While the content will be summarized, many people (especially the church), have not been dealing or addressing the blended families that are in need of help because the single parent is so prevalent and many people are not going into marriage of blended families with an awareness of how to do this effectively. Here are some shocking, but not unbelievable statistics:
1. “Forty two percent of adults are in a step relationship of some kind.
2. Thirty percent of marriages...
1766 words - 8 pages
At the root of sociological issues in society is that of conflict. Society as a whole has changed considerably over the last several hundred years such that humans now live in closer proximity to one another than at any other point in history, especially in urban areas where there are many houses crammed all together with close proximity to one another, and the standards of decorum are higher than ever before. For this reason, there is an intrinsic need for people to “get along” with one another that is often undermined by the realities of human conflict. Certainly, conflict seems to exist even in the most intimate and close of human relationships such as between a child and their parent....
433 words - 2 pages
Good parenting is the upbringing of a child or children with care, love and guidance given by the parents. The way the child is brought up determines whether or not the child is integrated into society or has problems accepting society. Parenting plays an important part since it acts as a bridge between a child’s understanding of them and the world. Good parenting consists of morals and values, effective communication and trust.
Morals and values are essential aspects of proper upbringing in a child’s life for good parenting. Teaching a child good morals and values enables a child to make wise decisions in life and also help them to be critical thinkers. These morals and...
872 words - 4 pages
June 4, 2012
A subsidiary is its own legal entity that is governed by a board of directors. For independence, the subsidiary corporation has its own liability and is separate from the parent corporation for taxation and regulatory guidance from state and federal agencies. Control over the subsidiary is maintained by the parent corporation holding more than fifty-percent shareholder value and voting rights in the subsidiary charter.
The professional responsibilities of the certified public accountant (CPA) are to provide assurance services and attestation services that include an audit and review of historical financial statements and...
892 words - 4 pages
Primary Prevention: Single Parenthood
Week 6 Individual Work
University of Phoenix
HSM/210 Human Services in the United States
April 22, 2014
Primary Prevention: Single Parenthood
State and federal prevention programs direct their resources based on the level of prevention. This three-tiered system includes primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. To address the issue of single parenting, primary prevention was chosen.
The goal of primary prevention is to aid in minimizing the occurrence of single parenting, promoting awareness and recommending positive coping techniques. The text states that “Primary Prevention involves building...
934 words - 4 pages
Hassiba Ben Bouali University
Common trunk of human sciences
Level: First year
English language Learning is widely spread over different parts of the world. It is taught as a foreign language in many countries. In many others, it is not only considered as a part of their culture, but it is also used as a second language. These are called the Commonwealth of the English language speaking countries.
The English language learners are often seen as the best judges of their own needs and wants...
1020 words - 5 pages
Are teachers or parents more important in a child’s education?
I look at it like this: a student is swept along on the influence of a parent much like a river flowing towards maturity. Sprinkled throughout this river are teachers who, like rocks, divert the flow. Sometimes they cause small eddies of current, sometimes they create a new channel, and always they make turbulence. Overall, the influence of the parent is stronger and more consistent, but a motivating educator can cause the student to see new patterns, consider new options, and develop new interests. The worst they can cause the child to react and think differently and as the child prepares for their life’s journey on a seldom...
1079 words - 5 pages
Transactional Analysis involves the identification of the ego states behind each and every transaction. Berne defined an ego state as “a consistent pattern of feeling and experience directly related to a corresponding consistent pattern of behavior.” Transaction analysis has been used with organizational development in order to improve quality of work life. It has also been used to develop multinational corporations which prepare mangers to operate efficiently within other cultures. This is a theory of social action which is based on the assumption that when two or more people interact, each gains some kind of psychological benefit from the exchange. The ego state...
2046 words - 9 pages
his paper is devoted to the issue of singe parenting as one of the important family problems. A single parent is a parent who lives with one or more children without the second parent. Usually the definition of single parenting depends upon the local laws, but there are other cases as well, for example if a parent is left alone after the divorce, after another parent just leaves the family or the child, if the second parent is put to the jail or is dead. It is not necessary that the single parent is natural mother or father of the child, some people choose to adopt a child or become a parent through artificial insemination or just take care of a child, who was left by his natural parents....
354 words - 2 pages
There is no doubt that various books and experts can give us many theories as to the
causes of juvenile delinquency, including one's economic background, substance abuse, peer
groups, repeated exposure to violence through the family circit, increased availability of firearms
and media violence, however, I feel that the number one cause of juvenile delinquency is the
breakdown of families, including lack of parental control over children. It is ironic that
one must have a driver's license to operate a car, a permit to own a gun and even a license
to own a pet such as a cat or a dog, but one does not have to have training or a license in order to
become a parent. Without...
925 words - 4 pages
Introduction: In the Unites States and other countries around the world, laws are being enacted that make parents legally responsible if their children do not pursue their education and instead, turn to criminal activity. These laws seek to punish parents for their children’s negative behavior. In my opinion, parents should not be held any more responsible for the crimes of their children. It simply makes no sense to punish one for the crimes of the other. By the age of 14 a child should know right from wrong and should be responsible for their action.
Body 1: Children choose if they want to obey their parents.
A: A parent can do everything right such as give the child plenty of...
997 words - 4 pages
Examine the ways in which government policies and laws affect the nature and extent of family diversity. (24 marks) (Ao1-14 Ao2-10)
Some sociologists have suggested that social policy has caused families to become more diverse while others disagree. Social policies are the laws and practices put in place by the government that effect social issues, in this case the family. For example, in the 1930’s the Nazi government in Germany wanted to encourage Aryan families and put in place policies that involved sterilising certain groups to prevent them from having children. More recently in China they have a one child policy, if individuals have more than one child the government have put in...
391 words - 2 pages
People often dream of a fairy tale romance and get married to what they believe are their soul mates. Stories however do not always have beautiful endings; the number of individuals opting for divorce has been steadily increasing over the past few years. Some problems in the marriage can be resolved through variety of ways including counseling but sometimes the only solution to living happily is by parting ways. Interestingly, divorce has many causes resulting in serious effects.
There are some common causes of divorce. First of all, Couples often end up having disputes over money. In many cases one of the partners is invariably not happy with the spending habits of the other individual,...
346 words - 2 pages
What is a family? What is a family composed of?
A family is a group of people who are connected by blood, co-residence, or affection. A family can be composed of anyone who has a relationship with another.
What is cultural bias? What is an example of this?
Cultural bias is the interpretation or judgment of practices by the standards of one's own culture. Having another culture showing love in a different way than what you are use to.
What is an extended family?
An extended family is having more than one generation under one roof. Multiple family members such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, or cousins.
What are stereotypes? How are they different from...
511 words - 3 pages
Award Level: Bronze
Instructional Area: Promotion
Activity: Community Curfew
Name: Mya Mumpfield
Date Completed: November 24, 2012
“I want you home no later than eleven.” This is what some parents might say to their teenage child. Some parents don’t even budge to give their teenagers a curfew. Well, guess what? The community is planning on issuing curfews to society’s teens. I feel that the community should not give curfews. The community will lose money by paying officers for curfew patrol, breaking curfew will cause a large amount of tension, and teens would feel lack of freedom.
Firstly, the community is already low on finances...
576 words - 3 pages
Family Demographic Shifts and Their Policy Implications
Changing Patterns: Since the 1960s, the structure of the average American family has become increasingly unstable as a result of major demographic changes. Marriage rates have fallen over the last few decades while divorce rates have remained high. At the same time, the percent of non-marital births in the U.S. has risen steadily, from approximately 5% in 1960 to 41% in 2011. In addition to this instability, family structures are becoming increasingly complex as rising numbers of single parents pursue new partners and have more children.
Importance: The potential negative impacts of these shifting demographic patterns upon...
277 words - 2 pages
weld * Fusion Welding Principles:
* Base metal is melted
* Filler metal may be added
* Heat is supplied
* Weld Metal Protection
* During fusion welding, the molten metal in the weld ‘puddle’ is suceptable to oxidation
* Weld Fluxes
* SiO2, TiO2, FeO, MgO, Al2O3
* Produces a gaseous shield to prevent contamination
* Act as scavengers to reduce oxides
* Add alloying elements to weld
* Inert Gases
* Argon, Helium, Nitrogen, CO2
* Form a protective envelope around the weld area
* High quality welds
* Electron beam welding
* Nucleaer/special metals
* Types of Fusion Welding:
* Oxyacetylene Welding (Torch)
325 words - 2 pages
It’s always good to have customer service in a superstore, but what advantages of this will be positive. They could increase the sales which will prompt other businesses to want their own range of products sold in the store. If there was good customer service, customers would recommend the superstore to their family or friends. The business would be getting more customers, which gives them better rates and more profit. Customers that were satisfied about the customer service will become a repeat customer and come back whenever they need to. Satisfied customers also help create a positive working environment in the superstore. The role of any business is to keep customers happy at any...
1737 words - 7 pages
Class D or M Road Test Application
MA Assigned License/ID/Permit Number License Class
Note: Applicants under the age of 18 who wish to obtain a class M (motorcycle) license or endorsement must complete the Massachusetts Rider Education Program (MREP) and may not book a road test with the RMV. For additional information, please refer to the MassDOT RMV Division's website at mass.gov/rmv.
Date of Birth
#M #F 6
Mailing Address (Where you want us to...
1612 words - 7 pages
Types of audits
Once a tax return is determined an eligible candidate for auditing, the IRS will send you a letter making the announcement of an audit. The type of audit you’ll be required to do typically falls into one of three types:
Correspondence audit: The most common of audits, this typically entails mailing specifically requested documentation to the IRS.
Field audit: For individuals or businesses who’ve earned more than $100,000 in income, the IRS is more likely to send an IRS agent to your home, place of business or tax professional’s office.
Office audit: Sometimes the IRS requires you to attend an IRS facility and meet with an auditor. The factors influencing this type of audit...
604 words - 3 pages
Children today learn how to use a computer as soon as they are able to get their little fingers on one. It’s a different world than it was 20 years ago. Kids are given I-pads in school instead of notebooks. Almost everyone has access to the Internet at all times on his or her telephones. Technology is at our fingertips at almost every minute of our day. There is really no way for a parent to keep their child from technology unless they literally keep them in a cave. Seeing as how that may not be realistic, software developers have created a way for parents to keep their children safe while using technology. They have created parental control programs.
Parents control programs allow...
483 words - 2 pages
Assignment Lab 2-3
1. What is an entity?
* An entity is something about which we want to keep data. There are physical entities; something physical in our universe (e.g., a person, place, thing, etc.). There is also a logical entity; something non-physical (e.g., a relationship).Three examples of an entity could be a gun, Airline, and a camera.
2. What is a relationship?
* A relationship is a logical connection between records from two or more tables. All relationships can be categorized as one-to-one, one-to-many, or many-to-many. An example of a one-to-many relationship would be a pet store owner and the pets. The Pet Store owner (parent)...
604 words - 3 pages
The Word “Family”
The Word “Family”
My favorite word is family. The word family defines the existence of human beings in the society. A family is defined to be a group of people that is made up of parents and children living in a similar household (Brighouse & Swift, 2014). In most instances, a family is made up of parents and their biological children. The parents are a father and mother. Nonetheless, a family can be made up of a single parent with either adopted or biological children. Instances of single parenthood can occur because of a death of the other parent or a divorce. The word family stands out as my favorite...
383 words - 2 pages
Group Project Makeup
29 November 2012
Cri Du Chat
Cri Du Chat Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused by a deletion of genetic material in the small arm (the p arm) of chromosome 5. In most cases, this deletion occurs when the sperm or egg cell is developing. It is such a rare deletion that it is very unlikely for it to happen again if the parents were to have another child. The parent does not have to have the disorder in order for the child to get it, although it is possible for a child to inherit this broken chromosome from a parent with Cri Du Chat. The name is French for “cry of the cat,” in reference to the distinctive cry of children with this disorder. The cry comes...
450 words - 2 pages
Current rate is used when inventory is measured under current rate method. On the other hand, while temporal method is used, average rate will be using for recording inventory. In current method, equipment is recorded in current rate and historical rate is used in temporal method. Depreciation expense in current method uses average rate and in temporal method, historical rate is used. Sales revenue uses average rate in either method.
In translating the financial statements of a foreign subsidiary into the parent’s reporting currency under the current rate method, the translation adjustment is a function of the foreign subsidiary’s net asset.
339 words - 2 pages
1) Delta(Song) is trying to compete with other low-cost airlines and the major airlines. However, it is suffering from high cost problem. As mentioned in the case, Song is running at about 15% higher than its competitor Jet Blue. Another problem is low revenue. Song targeted Women and leisure travellers, the ticket price of it should be lower comparing to other airlines facing businessmen, and it leads to a lower profit margin. Low profit margin and high cost make the financial problem together.
2) Song is trying to target customers which are differnet from Delta Airlines, the parent company.It tries to focus on mostly women and leisure travellers, it tries to cut cost by sharing staffs...
409 words - 2 pages
One of the most important activities of a cell is the production of proteins that fulfill major roles in the cell--structural, enzymatic, hormonal, and more. The instructions for building all the proteins an organism needs to make are located in the DNA molecules of the chromosomes which never leave the nucleus of the cell. However, the actual synthesis is carried out by the ribosome’s, small structures which either float freely in the cytoplasm or are attached to membrane networks that snake their way through the cell--in either case, outside the nucleus. Gene mutations occur in two ways: they can be inherited from a parent or acquired during a person’s lifetime. Mutations that are passed...
1507 words - 7 pages
HMPYC80 – ASSIGNMENT 2
UNIQUE NUMBER 838764
May 30, 2016
STUDENT NUMBER 5010 9669
May 30, 2016
STUDENT NUMBER 5010 9669
Mr P Myburg
Director of Human Resources
Department of Education
RE: Research proposal: The correlation between the family relationships and the academic performance of adolescents
This research proposal follows our telephonic communication of 21/05/2016, where you requested a written research proposal. View the attachments to see the proposal as requested.
I aim to conduct a quantitative research project on the effects of family relations on the academic...
2860 words - 12 pages
We try to create a world of structure and predictability for our children. As parents, we work hard to give our children routines, a regular schedule, consistent expectations, and plenty of love. We aim to make their lives predictable, stable, safe and secure. As they grow up, we hope that this early experience will be internalized as a kind of centeredness, and that they will be able to adapt when change comes around. In addition to providing children a safe and secure beginning, parent s need to be aware of the child’s feelings and be able to help them cope with change and stress. One in every two marriages in the United States will end up in divorce. Sixty percent of...
905 words - 4 pages
Raising children is no easy task. Especially if you are a single parent such as myself. My daughter is 16 years old and at risk. It is hard to play the role of both parents, but through various activities and sports after school helps to reduce the number of juvenile delinquents.
Children need structure and rules. There are a couple of options in my home, The first option in my home is that my teens get involved in after school sports or an activity that will keep them busy. This gives them a chance to become part of a winning team with a support system to learn from and experience new things with. In addition, self esteem is another...
822 words - 4 pages
Yesterday we discussed potential signs ofmistreatment or abuse in a day care setting. Today we continue our discussion regarding child abuse as we consider the signs of various types of abuse.
While many of these topics are exceptionally troubling, as parents it is important to pay attention to changes in the behavior of our children and recognize the importance of addressing these issues head on.
When it comes to unspeakable acts of sexual abuse of children there may or may not be any outwardly physical signs. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to any changes in the child’s behavior. In these situations, a mandated reporter or other person who is concerned about the child’s...
1018 words - 5 pages
American Government Mrs. Macon
I. Course Scope
A. Course Description
In this course students will reflect on prior knowledge learned to help them further their understanding of the foundations of American Government and our political system. An emphasis will be placed on civic responsibility and the importance of participation in the democratic process. We will begin by examining the foundation of our nation, our Constitution, and discuss the philosophy of those who created it. We will then use this knowledge to compare and contrast various philosophies of government throughout our world today. This class is...
2883 words - 12 pages
ARTICLE # 1
School Guidance Counselors: Understanding their Role and Making the Most of the Relationship
Whether your child is going through a difficult situation that is affecting his or her school work, or you want to ensure your college-bound teen stays on track, a school guidance counselor is a valuable resource for both you and your child.
Perhaps your own interactions with school counselors were minimal as a student, or you are unsure what sort of guidance to expect as it relates to your child's academic experience. Today, the school guidance counselor plays an important role in students' educations, providing academic, personal and social, and post-graduate advisement services....
825 words - 4 pages
Congratulations on the new addition to your family!!! I know there are a lot of questions to be answered and things to be learned and I hope that this will help as much as possible. Now that all the paperwork is done and you have your child, it is time to cover the parenting “bases” which are:
1. Self-esteem development
2. The importance of culture and ethnicity in the development of self-concept
3. Healthy parenting styles and discipline for the adoptive child
4. Childcare Options
5. Children and the effects of media and technology
6. Understanding the importance of socialization and child development
7. Positive peer interaction and influence
Getting or having...
825 words - 4 pages
Paper #1: What does it say/ What does it mean?
We have read “the Role of Advertising in Consumer Decision Making,” and while there were many parts of this article which were odd or unknown to us, the general message was that ads increase our desire to buy something, if we are interested in the subject being advertised. We have also looked at a few sample ads to see how they are telling us stories about ourselves.
Now, I would like you pick a static advertisement (a print ad from a magazine, newspaper, billboard, poster, internet, etc.) and analyze how the image uses popular culture, cultural beliefs and the viewpoints that underlie those beliefs to sell us a product.
904 words - 4 pages
“Goodwill arises when one company acquires another company (in a business combination accounted for as a purchase) for a price in excess of the fair market value of the net identifiable assets (identifiable assets less liabilities assumed) acquired” (Fraser, Ormiston, 2013). What are the key factors in the creation of business goodwill? These are going concern, excess business income & the expectation of future economic benefits. Within a business they are three sources of goodwill. These are as follows:
* Expertise of the workforce which states that there is no value included on the balance sheet as an asset for costs incurred for labor expertise.
* The reputation of the...
1124 words - 5 pages
Pros and cons of being a young parent and waiting till later to have children
Nowadays, the youths focus on the development of the career; therefore, people who marry at a mature age and later to have children is a common phenomenon. However, many teens choose to become a young parent because they believe babies are the most important thing in their world. In fact, becoming a young parent and waiting till later to have children both have advantages and disadvantages for parents and children.
Advantages and disadvantages for parents
To begin with, being a young parent has disadvantages on developing the career or finishing school. The act of having a child at an early age itself...
1688 words - 7 pages
ANGER AND AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENT MALES
Aggressive Behavior in Adolescent Males
Tamara C. Denson
Tarleton State University
Anger and Aggressive behavior among adolescent males has been on the rise for years. There are many factors that contribute to the cause of aggressive behavior among males. Some of the factors include drug abuse within the home and among parents, issues of child rearing plays a substantial part and also environmental factors. Anger and Aggressive behavior among males is at a higher risk compared to females. These factors also contribute to adult aggressive behavior. Research has shown that there are many available treatments, but no...
1524 words - 7 pages
There are many differences as well as similarities when it comes to private verses public education for children. This is a subject that many parents have a solid opinion on, where others do not have enough information to hold an educated opinion. Some of the differences are abundantly clear, such as price, while others are written in shades of gray and do not have clear cut differences, such as the curriculum differences or the level of engagement which will be present in lessons. Both schools will make claims, and many are valid, but when it comes to your child having strong educational foundations, it is a decision that parents take very personally and need more information to choose...
634 words - 3 pages
The popularity of tattooing has increased dramatically, especially with teenagers. Tattooing has been a fad for centuries and teenagers are now starting to take on this so called form of art. Though teenagers feel that getting a tattoo is the in thing to do, it is in fact along term problem. The increasing of tattooing done by teenagers is because of rebellion, peer pressure, and social status.
Rebellion is one of the many reasons why teenagers get tattoos. The children of today want to use piercing and tattoos as a form of expression and independence. The problem with this is that parents do not feel the same way, and so teenagers go out and get a tattoo in a ways just to show their...
648 words - 3 pages
Summary: Personal Essay:The Causes and Effect of Dropping out of College.
The causes are almost certainly many and consistent. What seems inescapable is the conclusion that dropping out of school is one of the important factors related to the difficulties of people. The causes of dropping out reveal families in trouble. All too often, families with areas of high pressure are characterized by single parents, lack of parenting skills, and substance abuse. The most common causes of dropping out are money, family, and time management.
Money or lack of it is a reason to drop out of the school. Once you become a student, you will need money for tuition of the school. My rent is $1,000 per month...
617 words - 3 pages
Bean Divorce Decree
February 26, 2013
Prof. J Gauvin
COMMONWEALTH of MASSACHUSETTS
The Trial Court
Probate and Family Court Department
IN RE THE MARRIAGE OF:
Vs. Case number: MFC 003456
JUDGMENT OF DIVORCE
1. This matter brought before the court on the 22nd day Of March, 2013 for a final
judgment of divorce. Present are the Petitioner, Patty Bean and Respondent, David
2164 words - 9 pages
How Divorce Impacts Children Under the Age of 18
In this research you will see how divorce impacts children under the age of 18. The effects are not universal. Divorce affects children differently based on their age, personality and sexuality. Divorce affects children both mentally and physically. In this research, you will see how divorce can impact children immediately as well as post divorce. I will start with infants, preschool age children, school-aged and then adolescents. Then you will see how divorce affects children spiritually. Furthermore, you will see how the affect of divorce varies based on the child's gender. Finally, in this...
584 words - 3 pages
During the Vietnam War the US Field Artillery had to change their tactics and weaponry to fight an unconventional war that they were not used to. This was also the first war that the United States had fought where the terrain helped the enemy greatly which helped the change come even faster.
The NVA did not have a line of troops but instead operated in smaller groups all around the units. They could mass together and attack from any direction. In order to combat this, the Army split areas of operation between divisions. The divisions than divided it between brigades, brigades to battalions, and battalions to companies. This affected the Artillery in many ways. They could not mass their...
656 words - 3 pages
Divorce is an unfortunate event for any family, particularly those with children. Studies have shown that approximately 25% of children whose parents divorce suffer psychologically, socially, and academically at some point in their lives. For the most part, research on divorce focuses solely on divorce in the immediate aftermath, usually a two to five-year window, so nothing is set in stone. Nonetheless, it is crucial for parents who have decided on divorce to keep in mind that their separation is not only about them. Their children are in just as deep.One major concern is that the children of divorce will come to the conclusion that their parents no longer love them. If one parent moves...
490 words - 2 pages
The following case analysis entitled The Mushroom Factory focuses on the issues concerning the Accessories Department of the Esco Company, a Midwest manufacturer, during a period of rapid change. The case analysis will critically discuss the events which took place during this time; it will examine the structure of the organization highlighting the core issue which then led to the existing satellite issues. Recommendations will made with reference to these Core and Satellite issues in order to correct these problems the company is currently facing.
Top management of the parent company, in conjunction with the Esco top management...
626 words - 3 pages
FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND LANGUAGES OUMH1303: ENGLISH FOR ORAL COMMUNICATION SEMESTER : JANUARY 2010 COURSE ASSIGNMENT (35%)
The assignment would be evaluated on the basis of the accuracy of the answers given and the credibility of the supporting arguments, data and references.
Type your assignment using “Times New Roman”, font size 12 with 1.5 line spacing on A4 size paper. Your assignment must be submitted to your tutor before or by the 4th tutorial.
Your assignment should be limited to 10 – 12 pages.
This assignment is worth 35 % of your final course grade.
Plagiarism in any form is prohibited. Plagiarised materials would...
642 words - 3 pages
Section 15 (1) (b) states that the deemed trading receipts of non-resident corporation are the sums not otherwise chargeable to profits tax, received by or accrued to a person for the use of or the right to use in Hong Kong any patent, design, trademark, copyright material, secret process or formula or other similar property, or for imparting knowledge connected with the use in Hong Kong of any such properties.
In the case of CIR V Emerson Radio Corporation, two of the judges were of the view that Emerson HK had used the trademark in Hong Kong by virtue of affixing the mark to goods made in Hong Kong during the manufacturing process. The royalties could be apportioned between those...