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The International Association for the study of pain (1979) define pain as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. This suggests that only the person can tell you what the pain is like and it cannot be confirmed or denied by reference to tissue damage or pathophysiology. Consequently, the perceptual experience of pain is not merely a sensational experience, but also an emotional experience. It is important to distinguish between acute and chronic pain. Acute pain is biologically useful; it serves as the body’s alarm of an underlying medical condition, whereas chronic pain loses this
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Emily Dickinson’s poem, “After Great Pain,” has brilliantly recreated the kind of suffering we all undergo after something terrible and excruciating has happened in our lives. The specific cause of this pain within this poem doesn’t matter; whatever the cause may have been, the response is still the same and the response is what matters most in this poem. Every person who has had something terrible happen to them will always respond differently to the event. The theme to this poem seems to be that the existence and the power of pain and how pain can overwhelm an individual to the point of unfeeling.
In the first stanza of the poem, it is explained that after some time of great pain or
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Understanding and Preventing Back Pain
February 23, 2014
Professor Lee, Olympic College
Today could quite possibly be the day that you learn more about trying to take care of your body to help prevent yourself from future back pain or even possibly getting rid of that agonizing back pain. Back pain is one of the most common medical issues that people have, affecting most people at least once in their lifetime.
The spine consists of two main parts; the spine and the back muscles. Your spine consists of bones called vertebras which are joined together by facet joints in which each vertebra has four. Separating the vertebras are soft intervertebral discs. These
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Chest tightness; Chest pressure; Chest discomfort
Many people with chest pain fear a heart attack. However, there are many possible causes of chest pain. Some causes are not dangerous to your health, while other causes are serious and even life-threatening.
Any organ or tissue in your chest can be the source of pain, including your heart, lungs, esophagus, muscles, ribs, tendons, or nerves. Pain may also spread to the chest from the neck, abdomen, and back.
Heart problems that can cause chest pain:
* Angina or a heart attack is pain that occurs because your heart is not getting enough blood and oxygen. The most common symptom
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Clinical Pharmacology 168.734
In Women undergoing Mastectomy ± Auxiliary Node Dissection / Removal,
how does the
Pre-emptive administration of Gabapentin compared to Venlafaxine affect the incidence of post mastectomy pain syndrome at a 6 month post-surgery review date?
Elective and Acute General and Vascular Surgery (A4)
Hawkes Bay District Health Board
Pain Management Resource Nurse for A4
Goal to become Clinical Nurse Specialist in Pain Management
Post Mastectomy Pain Syndrome (PMPS) affects between 20-60% of women who had a mastectomy [1-14]. “Poorly managed pain can slow recovery, create burdens for patients & their
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Sickle cell anemia is a disease in which the body’s red blood cells become misshapen.
The red blood cells, which are normally round with a small indentation in the middle, become hard and crescent-shaped. They can’t fit through the small blood vessels and get stuck in the capillaries and block the blood flow. Oxygenated blood cannot get to the tissues, and this causes severe pain and in some cases, death of the tissues. Prolonged oxygen deprivation can even cause death, depending on the tissue affected, and many victims of sickle cell anemia have a shorter lifespan than people with normal blood cells.
Although sickle cell anemia as many symptoms, the most common sign of the
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Geraldine Cruze was struck by large pieces of the ceiling in her apartment. She then rushed to the Jacobi Hospital Emergency Room reporting abdominal pain. After seven hours, the hospital released Cruze. She returned home and rested. However, the hospital failed to detect that Cruze had suffered four broken ribs, a lacerated renal vein and other internal injuries. Despite the pain and difficulty of breathing, Cruze herself did not notice these serious internal injuries, and she believed that she was recovering. Cruze was in fact bleeding internally. Over the next three days, she bled to death. Cruze’s attorney sued the hospital for medical malpractice and the landlord for
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pain or discomfort when your heart muscle does not get enough blood, or to be more specific when the oxygenated blood does not perfuse the tissues. It may feel like pressure or a squeezing pain in your chest. Angina is a symptom of coronary artery disease, the most common heart disease Coronary artery disease happens when a sticky substance called plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart, reducing blood flow.Danilo's medical history includes bedsides angina, myocardial infarction and class II heart failure which at this point increases his chances for a heart attack.
The risk factors for poor perfusion can be a multitude of life style choices but also hereditary factors
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IHP IN RELATION TO LISTENING
It is in important as an health professional to be a good listener towards people around you because I have experienced how painful it is to be not listened by people around you or to be disturbed by people while you are telling them something you feel it is painful to your heart. To listen just to someones pain it makes that person to feel as if they have released some heavy load from their backs without doing anything much for them. I will answer this question by telling how did I feel when different behaviours were shown when I was telling my story, and what I have I learnt about myself as an IHP in relation to listening using knowledge, empathy and
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recognize the presence of endometrial tissue
1. Prevalence between 10-15%; true Prevalence is unknown – need surgical confirmation for diagnosis
2. Age group : found almost exclusively in age of reproductive women
3. Single most common reasons for hospitalization of women in this age group
4. Suspected in 20% chronic pelvic pain and 30-40% of infertility
1. Begins: Cyclic Pelvic pain begins 1 or 2 weeks before menses
2. PEAKS: 1-2 days before onset of menses
3. Subsides: at onset of menses or shortly there after
2. Classic symptoms: Dysmenorrhea, Pelvic Pain, Dyspareunia, infertility
3. Severity of
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Planning and Design Analysis Grid
Your Learning Team has been assigned two articles to analyze for assignments in Weeks Three and Four. One article is a qualitative research study, and the other is a quantitative research study. Identify which article is which, and then complete the table where applicable. Write no more than three sentences in each cell of the table.
| Qualitative | Quantitative |
Articles | Living with unexplained chest pain | Predictors of vascular complications post diagnostic Cardiac Catheterization and Percutaneous Coronary interventions |
Research question | How patients experience unexplained chest pain and how it affects their everyday life? | How to
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Should Marijuana Be Legalized?
“Herb is the healing of the nation, alcohol is the destruction.” –Bob Marley. Bob Marley believed that marijuana should be legalized for anyone and everyone to use how they want to. The legalization of marijuana would be beneficial to the government, and to the many people that suffer from several medical conditions such as nausea and chronic pain. Many others also agree that the legalization of marijuana would significantly benefit America.
The legalization of marijuana for medical use would help out thousands of people with their physical and mental disabilities. First of all, “marijuana helps prevent nausea and vomiting. Two FDA-approved cannabis
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suicide. In physician-assisted suicide, the patient performs the life-ending act, whereas in euthanasia, the physician administers the drug or other agent causing death. Although, the medical field has made great strides in improving end-of-life care through palliative and hospice programs, sometimes it’s just not enough. The care that is offered to the chronically ill and elderly is less than ideal and it is estimated that 40-70% of patients die in pain, another 50-60% die feeling short of breathe; 90% of nursing homes, where patients go to receive 24 hour nursing care, are gravely understaffed (Morrow, 2010).
Physician-assisted suicide is among the majority of debates in
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one of five designated airports. The airports are Washington Dulles International, Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson, Newark’s Liberty International, Chicago’s O’Hare, and New York’s John F. Kennedy International airport.
The threat of Ebola is limited by placing people in quarantine whom show signs of Ebola infection. The sudden onset of fever, fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat is early indicator of the virus. Vomit, diarrhea, red eyes, chest pain, cough, stomach pain, severe weight loss are further indicators of infection.
The previous countermeasures mentioned could help control the risk and the spread of .Ebola. The introduction of the following vaccines may combat the
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a bit hidden in the text, but in this case it is very easy to see why the author called it that: it’s about a guy who gets his heart broken a lot of times, and therefore rent a new one every time.
The story sounds like something that could happen in our world, except for the part where they crack their chests open and show their hearts, and if they get heartbroken they just buy a new one, and that the main character believes that it is disgusting that Will doesn’t have a rental heart.
It’s actually pretty smart, instead of feeling pain and soreness you can just take your heart out and almost feel free. Even though it becomes much easier to deal with the pain, it is still there, because pain isn’t just in our hearts but in our heads as...
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CASE STUDY 1
Acute coronary syndrome
Peter Brown is a 58-year-old gentleman who has experienced an episode of crushing
central chest pain while at work. Peter works as a taxi driver and a colleague has taken
him to the Accident and Emergency Department. On admission, Peter is sweaty,
clammy, nauseated and short of breath. He is complaining of chest pain radiating to
his left arm. This is Peter’s ﬁrst presentation to hospital and he has no relevant past
medical history. Peter smokes approximately 20–30 cigarettes per day and takes
alcohol at weekends only. Peter is anxious and is concerned that his wife and children
are informed. He also states his
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God have been made based on the reality of evil. Though claims have been presented in a logical manner to prove the nonexistence of God, many fail to realize that theist can too, present logical evidence to support the existence of God. This paper will present theistic arguments against several of these claims made by naturalist.
Claim #1 - That God could prevent evil actions and preserve human freedom of will.
We must first approach this claim by dissecting the value of terms - evil and freedom of will. What is considered to be evil and what are evil actions? Without hesitation, one may define evil as any harm, pain, suffering, misfortune or wrong-doing; therefore, any activity
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Life is beautiful but not always easy, it has problems, too, and the challenge lies in facing them with courage, letting the beauty of life act like a balm, which makes the pain bearable, during trying times, by providing hope
Happiness, sorrow, victory, defeat, day-night are the two sides of the me coin. Similarly life is full of moments of joy, pleasure, success and comfort punctuated by misery, defeat, failures and problems. There is no human being on Earth, strong, powerful, wise or rich, who has not experienced, struggle, suffering or failure.
No doubt, life is beautiful and every moment – a celebration of being alive, but one should be always ready to face adversity and challenges
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million in damages for future care of children, lost earnings, and past pain and suffering, as well as $25 million in damages for future pain and suffering.
Issue: Did Cybex fail in its duty to properly warn users of potential hazards and
safety concerns in relation to its product?
Rule: Product Warning Label Laws
Both the FDA and ANSI have strict requirements for product warnings. Any item that could potentially cause harm in anyway must have adequate and proper product warning labels.
Analysis: Many products require a warning label stemming from a duty to warn.
Whenever a product carries with it a hazard or a risk, the manufacturers have a series of obligations imposed by
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This pain is now my torture
and I don't know what to do.
It doesn't seem that long ago
when I felt so close to you.
I don't want you to leave me.
I can’t bear to watch you go.
But if you are not staying
then there are things you need to know.
I miss you when we don't talk
and I think the world of you.
I look up to you and admire your strength
and I am proud of everything that you do.
When I know your happy and hear you laugh
I can’t help but feel happy inside my heart.
But now I have this heartbreaking feeling,
I can slowly feel us drifting apart.
I don't know what to do to tell you
that I want to make things right.
I just wish we were close again
and know that
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The mind/body problem is one that consists of the inconsistent tetrad, which states that: 1. the human body is a material thing, 2. the human mind is a spiritual thing, 3. mind and body causally interact, and 4. spirit and matter do not causally interact. The Identity Theory attempts to solve this problem by denying number 2. It is a materialists’ theory which claims that the human mind is not a spiritual, but a physical thing. The theory claims that states and processes of the mind are identical to states and processes of the brain.” Smart says that experiences such as pain, seeing something, or having a mental image are not just correlated with events that take place in the brain
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There are many different types of hernias. The most common type is inguinal which occurs in the groin (Balentine, J.R, 2010). Other types of hernias are femoral, umbilical, incisional, hiatal, sports, and congenital diaphragmatic. Symptoms of a hernia may include pain or discomfort and localized swelling on the abdomen or in the groin area. If a hernia is found the usual treatment is surgery. Most common surgery is laparoscopic.
What is a hernia? Why do we get them? What are symptoms caused by hernias? Who is more likely to get a hernia? How to help prevent from getting a one? These are all questions many people have.
A hernia is any condition in which the viscera
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Abuse or discipline
Spanking is such a difficult topic to discuss. The love of a child is such that their pain is your pain. In our home it’s very clear that spanking is a last resort. Typically we use other techniques like taking away privileges and very detailed explanations of the situation and the correct way to do things next time. Then we ask our son the very next day about what he learned from this. In the beginning he was lost but after a while he caught on and was able to really put into words the lesson learned.
Bringing it up again in conversation really drives home the point of how serious the situation was to you and reminds them of the correct action while they are in a
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eventually one of the world’s greatest choreographers. If she stays with [David], she ends up teaching dance to six year olds” (George Nolfi). Not to crush Elise’s dreams and interfere with her bright future, David ends his pursuit of her much in the same way that Oedipus leaves his father, “the man whom Oedipus, long ago, feared so, fled so, in dread of destroying him” (56). Both David and Oedipus leave their loved ones behind to avoid causing harm to them, but through fate, harm comes to them anyways. Elise is emotionally crushed without David in her life, and Oedipus inadvertently kills his own father.
Through fate, one can argue that the pain that Elise and Oedipus’ father incur are
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Heroin is an illicit drug classified as an opiate derived from morphine after it has been refined from the Asian poppy.
Heroin is known for its strong pain relief characteristics. Heroin’s medicinal name is diamorphine (National Institute of Health, 2013).
According to Foundation For A Drug-Free World (2013), The Truth About Heroin, street names for Heroin are too many to list, but the following are a few examples: Horse, ‘H’, Smack, Heavy Stuff, Brother, Chick, China White, Judas, and Mr. Brown.
Heroin typically presents as a powder form ranging in colors from white, gray, yellow, or brown. It can also be refined into a thick stick tar-like substance also street named “black tar
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make his way to shore without them. This action can be described as either moral or immoral depending on the way morality is perceived.
One perspective on morality is that of the Utilitarian view. Utilitarianism states that an act is morally right in proportion as it tends to secure the greatest utility, pleasure, or happiness for the greatest number; wrong as it tends to produce disutility, pain, or unhappiness. This means that what is morally right can be decided by what action will create the most pleasure for the most people. It can be said that Utilitarians “measure” each deciding factor to determine what is morally right, as if it were part of a mathematical formula. The values
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Health Care Profile
Medications and Med Synthesis: Tramadol 50 mg prn
Reason for Contact: annual exam and pap smear
History of Present Illness: Last pap was 10 years ago and was abnormal. Patient has been having heavy but regular periods for the past year. Bleeding seems to be worsening monthly. Patient reports y days of bleeding with the first 2-3 so heavy that she is soaking through a super plus tampon and pad hourly day and night. She is fatigued all of the time but has increased fatigue the week of her cycle. She has large clots and very heavy cramping and back pain associated with cycles
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in Utilitarianism states that an action is right if it produces the greatest possibly utility for all those affected by the action. In other words, if an action produces the most good, pleasure, for that situation then that action is right. Unlike in other ethical theories, in Utilitarianism an action is morally right only when it produce the most pleasure. According to Epicurus, ancient Greek philosopher, in “ A Letter to Menoeceus” he taught us that our mission in life should be to attain pleasure and emphasize that all pains are bad, so we must minimize life’s pain whenever possible (as cited in Fieser, 297). Since, maximizing one’s pleasure is the only important life goal an Utilitarian
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is preferred is estrogen. Bisphosphonates and calcitonin are useful for those who cannot take estrogen. For men bisphosphonates is the only treatment. Supplements of calcium and regular exercise help prevent or slow down the rate of bone loss.
Osteoporosis progresses for many years without causing symptoms. But some signs are decreased bone strength which result in deformities of the skeleton, lack of bone density which can cause loss of height and bone quality which makes bone more fragile and prone to fractures.
Many levels of the hierarchy are unmet with osteoporosis. There are the physiological needs which are the basic physical needs. A person with osteoporosis can have pain due to
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Eugenics To Euthanasia
This essay presents the appeal which euthanasia has to modern society. What is this appeal based on? Is it a valid appeal? These and other questions are addressed in this paper.
See if this story sounds familiar: A happily married couple - she is a pianist; he a rising scientist - have their love suddenly tested by a decline in the wife's health. Diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, she falls victim to a steady loss of muscle control and paralysis. The desperate husband uses all his professional skills to save her. But ultimately he must watch her deteriorate in hideous pain. The wife worries that she will soon no longer be "a person anymore - just a
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book. The main character in this book is Shawn McDaniel, a fourteen year old boy who has a disease called cerebral palsy (C.P) Even though Shawn can not speak or move any muscles he thinks that his father his planning to kill him to ease his pain during his seizures. Shawn’s father is Sydney E. McDaniel. He wrote the poem “Shawn” and won a Pulitzer Prize for it. The reason Shawn thinks his father is planning to kill him his because his father left because he couldn’t stand not having a regular child. His mom Lindy (Linda) his over protective which Shawn doesn’t like even he is completely paralyzed, in his mind he knows he’s fourteen, and he wants to be treated like it. Cindy (Cynthia) and
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that consciousness was an outcome of the mixture of these elements. Therefore, Carvakas did not believe in an afterlife. To them, all attributes that represented a person, such a thinness, fatness etc, resided in the body. To support the proposition of non-existence of any soul or consciousness
Cārvāka believed there was nothing wrong with sensual pleasures and that it was the only objective worth pursuing. Since it is impossible to have pleasure without pain, Cārvāka believed, wisdom lay in enjoying pleasure and avoiding pain as far as possible. Unlike many of the Indian philosophies of the time, Cārvāka did not believe in hardships or rejecting pleasure out of fear of pain and held such
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In The Ramayana, Rama is applauded for killing a scorned demon, Thataka, who was punished for her husband’s and son’s actions. Also, Rama is hesitant when he is told to kill Thataka, but Viswamithra manipulates him into thinking it is a just act to do. Although Thataka is a terrifying and destructive demon, her harsh punishment from Rama is not just because her behavior was caused by cruel and unnecessary pain and punishment inflicted by Agastya, and Rama is manipulated into killing the demon by Viswamithra, whose opinion on Thataka is single-sided.
The pain inflicted on Thataka is not just because she was held responsible for harm she did not cause. Thataka used to be a woman of “valour
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caused by excessive force stretching the knee joint and ligaments. The knee swells swelling may occur immediately or hours after an injury. The initial swelling is due to an escape of blood from damaged blood vessels and also ruptures of the ligament. Delayed swelling is due to excessive production of synovial fluid. (DR Maxine Long 1999)
(Tortora, Derrickson 2011) State damage to ligaments can cause severe pain and disability. The posterior cruciate ligaments and the lateral ligaments the medial collateral ligaments are the main ligaments that allow smooth motion during knee flexion.
Nerves are fragile and can be damaged by pressure, stretching, or cutting. Injury to a nerve can stop
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people in developing remedies for those who are inflicted with sickness like smallpox using cows as the subject animal during the experiment, because of the particular sickness similar to the smallpox which is cow pox (Pro-Test 2006).
However, animal testing has not been proven to give very accurate results and it is a different form of animal torture which does not abide by the animal rights law. Sometimes, drugs and medications made through animal testing do not have any effect on humans or may have side-effects that never appeared on animals. For example,’Vioxx’, a medicine used to reduce pain, inflammation, and stiffness; to manage acute pain in adults; to treat migraines; and to treat
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WORKER’S COMPENSATION LAW
Beverly Tull was employed by Atchison since 1989 and began having hand, wrist, and shoulder pain in the fall of 1999. She was referred to a physician who noted in April 2000 that her carpal tunnel syndrome was "severe enough" for surgery. In June 2000, the physician sent a letter to Atchison stating that Tull expressed to me that her shoulder is actually hurting more than her hands, and she has been anxious to have her carpal tunnel released since very early this year. However, she seems to be somewhat of a silent sufferer and has been willing to hold off on surgical intervention. However,
we are having trouble with insurance coverage. Also, she has used an
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Abortion, the deliberate termination of a pregnancy, has been the subject of discussion and controversy for many decades. Utilitarianism is the chief teleological ethical theory today which considers the consequences of an action; such as abortion. This ethical approach to abortion is useful because it determines that “an action is right if it produces the greatest good for the greatest number”. It considers the hedonic calculus, designed by Bentham, which weighs up the pleasure and pain generated by the available moral actions; the theory mainly focuses on both pleasure and pain and the ability to maximize pleasure over pain. It also emphasises the ends of abortion over its means; so it
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Checkpoint: Diagnosis and Treatment
“I’ve been experiencing lower abdominal pain”
“This pain have caused me diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and constipation”
“I’ve been coming very dehydrated when these episodes occur”
“Due to my inability to eat I have lost some pounds over recent weeks”
From her symptoms explained it seems to me that Barbara is suffering from Regional Enteritis which is also referred as Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any area of the digestive tract from the mouth to the anus. Since there has not been any diagnosis made, the diagnosis that I would offer is to request lab tests
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turning into a grimace you only see in a scary movie or something like that. I am not scared, but I think I look quite stupid or maybe just really choked. Now she hurries back to Bethan who is waiting for her at the other side of the schoolyard. It is all really confusing at that point.
The time before my meeting with Lucy goes too slowly. I cannot wait to see what she wants from me. After school I walk down the subway to look for Lucy, but I cannot find her. Is this just a stupid joke? I cannot stop thinking that, until she appears out of nowhere. She comes straight to me with no sense of hesitation. Suddenly her hand hits my face, and a pain spreads through my whole body. I do not think it is
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slippery slope should be taken seriously.
Requesting euthanasia or a wish to hasten death as expressed by patient is more often a quest for attention to and relief of pain and suffering. In many modern societies, various healthcare services, including palliative/hospice services, are being provided to relieve the pain and suffering of the patients. We are aware that in Hong Kong, palliative or hospice services have not covered all terminally ill patients. But this should not be an excuse to promote euthanasia. In Hong Kong, we would like to see the public and the Government to put emphasis on strengthening the existing palliative care services to help these needy patients, instead of
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vibrancy of his memories.
This stanza makes us feel pain because the Indian chief is all alone, nothing is left but emptiness and skeleton bones. He is surrounded by a complete silence.
The sunset symbolizes the end of the day or the end of the tribe. It implies that they left peacefully and as smooth as the sunset.
The skeletons show how the land naked and bare the land has become and how the tribe’s ways have died off.
The shadow is the chief’s memories, always right with him but never close enough to touch. His memories like a shadow that just pops out on nowhere.
The west is empty land; everything is gone, lonely
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guide too right and wrong in individual behavior and in the collective behavior of the masses and the nations? Is the whole discussion of moral truth a meaningless act, since no ultimate, moral truth exists? – There is a universal moral truth.
Suffering: What is the meaning of suffering in our individual lives? Should pain be avoided at all costs? – This is an issue of in. Sometimes bad things happen to good people. No, pain is good.
Meaning of Life: Is human history just the recounting of the same human behaviors repeated endlessly age after age in a cyclical fashion where nothing means anything and history is going nowhere? Or is there a larger story out there somewhere within which the histories of individuals and nations fit? – There is a big story and we are all a part of that story.
Human Desire: Is our recognition of and longing for what is true, beautiful, and perfect just an accident? Is or longing for the ideal a hint of a deeper source and purpose for human life? – It is not an accident. There is a meaning to life.
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go home later in the evening or morning when she is comfortable. She was resting comfortably in PACU after receiving 20 mcg of Fentanyl IV. Gayle, is an ADN RN and has worked on the floor for one year. She completes her hourly post-op check and vital signs during which the patient is progressively getting more painful, complaining that her abdomen hurts ‘all over and feels hard’. Gayle reassures her that the pain is normal following surgery. She medicates the patient for pain repetitively during the night. By 5 a.m., the patient is writhing in pain rating a ten/ten on the pain scale. Gayle calls the doctor and gets a new pain medication order from the resident. She has to override the
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using these groups in marketing in a multiethnic society can create image and identity problems among those that are excluded. Marketing aimed at children, in particular, is fraught with the risk of causing ethical implications. The targeting of children with fast food and unhealthy snacks can lead children to not want to eat anything else and result in childhood obesity. Only yesterday, the SMH reported the following:
“The manufacturer of Nurofen faces millions of dollars in fines but will be allowed to sell painkillers marketed as targeting specific types of pain for another 12 months after a court found they were misleading to customers.
The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
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during the final stages of a terminal illness? The greatly reduced interest of the state in preserving life compels the answer to these questions: 'None'..." (Brooks) We have a right as human beings to choose our own free will. Abortion is legal and that’s taking someone else’s life, not your own. If one is in agonizing pain everyday of their life and they chose not to suffer through the pain, who are we to deny them peace of mind.
"We firmly believe that physician-assisted death should be one--not the only one, but one--of the last-resort options available to a patient facing a hard death. We agree that these options should include high dose pain medication if needed, cessation of life
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Bentham states that the principle of utility recognizes right and wrong and the causes and effects from right and wrong. These effects can lead to the nature of mankind being either in pain or pleasure and “Bentham assumes that one can only act according to their aversion to pain or desire for pleasure” (The Story of Ethics). The understanding that I have gained from Bentham’s theory is that good and bad is judged by pleasure and pain that is the greater the pleasure the greater the good and the greater the pain the greater the bad. Bentham’s theory is the ethical position that influenced both John Stuart Mill and his father James Mill.
According to an article in the Salem Press
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symptoms persist/ worsen |
Sinusitis/Rhinosinusitis | * Inflammation of one or more paranasal sinuses * Nasal blockage or congestion * Nasal discharge * Post-nasal drip * Facial pain or pressure (can be excruciating) * Reduction or loss of smell | Acute: Infection lasts up to 4 weeksRecurrent acute: >4 episodes per yearChronic: Symptoms last >12 weeks, acute exacerbations | Possibly a post-viral infection, sinuses are filled with stagnant nasal secretions which may be infected with bacteria | * ALWAYS REFER TO GP! * Maintain condition with FESS, intranasal corticosteroids, nasal decongestants, analgesics and inhalations | * VISIT GP! |
Otitis media (middle ear
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the decision maker applied this theory then Jane would simply be fired since the maxim of Eddie was that, if one came to realize what actually happens then he or she should be fired (Penslar, 1995, p. 274).
The utilitarian theory as analyzed by John Stuart Mill an advocate, ‘an action will be right so-far- as it will tend to produce satisfaction and not pain’ So an action could be considered right whenever it produces the utmost pleasure and has the least pain of any existing alternative action. If the decision maker applied this theory then Jane will obviously be fired since Eddie has his utmost satisfaction when his brother is getting high commission and considerably gaining some amount
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Vernon Thacker, Maria Quimba
HLT 305- Legal and Ethical Principles in Health Care
As days, hours, and seconds past by, we are growing older. This is an inevitable reality that no one can stop from occurring. No matter what we do or how we go about doing it, the process of aging is set and stone. Throughout this essay I will portray how I personally and carefully will examine a patient’s case that is suffering from gall stone pain. I will examine her case by analyzing six chief principles that include; the principle of utility, equality, need, contribution, effort, and autonomy.
To begin with, this patient is fifty-two years old