1908 words - 8 pages
SS270: Social Problems
May 4, 2013
Nigger, Cracker, Wetback, Chink, Aye-Rab, Dink, Gringo, Coon, Oreo, Jungle Bunny, Kraut, Hillbilly, Honky, Jap, Sand Nigger, Uncle Tom, White Trash, Yellow, Towel Head and Beano; these are just some of the many names that people are called on a daily basis to belittle a person from a different ethnic background. Racism is something that has been around forever and there have been many attempts to stop it without total success. Although many people don’t agree with racism today there are still too many people that roam this earth that think it is okay to call someone a slang name in an offensive...
877 words - 4 pages
Chantal St. Hilaire 16608
Something’s Will Never Change
Racism is defined as the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities that are specific to that race. This distinction is often made to classify races as inferior or superior to other races. Racism has been an issue in the United States for generations, and while it is becoming increasingly less prevalent in society, its effects are still strongly felt. The primary effects of racism in the United States relate to the...
3457 words - 14 pages
Integration in Ole Miss Football
Today, African American athletes play a strong and predominant role in the football program at the university however, this was not always the case. Less than fifty years ago, the Ole Miss football program was just as segregated as it had been in its early days. As a whole, the Southeastern Conference of the NCAA was the last to instrgarate black athletes with the current white ones (Paul 297, 284). Of the ten teams in the conference at the time, the University of Mississippi was the last to integrate (Paul 287). This integration of the team took place ten years after the University itself was integrated. Not only did the school refuse to integrate until...
655 words - 3 pages
When a rock falls into a pond, it makes a big splash and sends out ripples that get smaller and smaller. I wonder if the 70-year-old case of the “Scottsboro Boys” still generates little waves in our national conscience. That case bounced through the state courts of Alabama and eventually the U.S. Supreme Court in the 1930s, touching raw nerves for years. The "Scottsboro Boys" were nine African American teens arrested for rape in 1931, on the words of two twenty-something women who were white. Lives were ruined, even though one girl recanted and no evidence ever supported the charges. One of the defendants was only twelve, another thirteen, but they were convicted along with the others.
2276 words - 10 pages
First, we must understand the background of the author. I am a thirty-something white married male with two children. I was born in Florida, raised around the rural outskirts of the St. Louis area, moved to the “Big City” (inner-city) when newly married, and then fled to farm country when the inner-city crime became too much to bare to raise a family. When in the educational system, I wasn’t completely isolated from racial concerns. There was a black family with kids in grade school and a couple of black kids in high school. We thought we were high society, progressive “color-blind” people, though I can’t remember ever going to their houses, or seeing them outside of school, or even hanging...
1714 words - 7 pages
To What Extent was The Untied States of America Prosperous and United in the 1920’s?
America was not prosperous or united during the 1920’s. Although there were reasons to show that The United States were prosperous during this time, there are stronger arguments and ‘harder’ evidence to show that most of population were neither prosperous nor united. These arguments are, the collapse of the American economy in the late 1920’s and the countries economical situation, prohibition and the truth in society a large part of this being racism.
There are signs of prosperity and unity in the 1920’s for the Americans; evidence of prosperity is that sales in radios went from 60,000 to 10,000,000 this...
1516 words - 7 pages
Elias Van Sickle
Narratives of Identity
23 October 2014
An individual’s conception of societal norms and beliefs is developed over time through the observation of and interaction with others. In modern times, one might come to understand feminine beauty as thin rather than voluptuous through exposure to the magazines, television and other media outlets that display images of “beautiful” thin models. Simply because a belief is widespread does not make it true or moral; the exclusive portrayal of the thin woman as beautiful is an extremely narrow definition of beauty that is far from true and may be very damaging: it can negatively impact...
1509 words - 7 pages
Classism and Racism
A Narrative Analysis of Paul Haggis’s Film:
By: Alexis Couillard
In 2004, Paul Haggis directed the Oscar winning film crash, a drama about race and class and its effects on those residing in Los Angeles, California. This film paints a vivid picture of the harsh reality that classism has and will always exist and it is intertwined with racism in this film and in our realities. This film promotes racial awareness which is a topic not typically seen on the big screen and it demands a close inspection. Haggis wanted us to understand each character and to see them as real flesh bleeding humans that make mistakes and aren’t perfect. We...
412 words - 2 pages
How significant was the Montgomery Bus Boycott in advancing the civil rights movement?
The Montgomery bus boycott of December 1955 influenced a continuous boycott that inspired many individuals and groups to stand up against public transport segregation in order to quicken the pace, and also the likelihood of bus boycotts having a strong impact on the advancement of the civil rights movement. Rosa Parks was the main culprit behind the boycott as it was her decision to refuse to move seats after requested by the driver several times. However, as she evidently declined, it created an uproar of boycotts, and others began to see how blatant discrimination and racism against black Americans was...
299 words - 2 pages
The film, To Kill A Mockingbird directed by Robert Mulligan, portrays a message of racism, social class, and gender issues faced by southern towns post Civil War era. The 1962 film adaptation of the classic book, To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee was masterfully captured being placed on the American Film Institute’s list of greatest American movies of all time and taking home many countless awards. The black and white portrayal from text to film is exquisitely captured turning pages to picture while reveling a heartbreaking reality. Through camera, lighting, and sound Robert Mulligan creates a mood to communicate the vision of Harper Lee.
The film takes place in Maycomb,...
989 words - 4 pages
1. What is the movie about?
Mississippi Burning is movie that’s based on true incidents. It is about the segregation and racism in the Southern States and a great example of KKKs racist actions. In 1964 two FBI agents have been sent down to the southern states to investigate the disappearing of three civil rights activists, which were last seen in a small town in Mississippi. As the two agents have different backgrounds they tend to handle things dissimilar. The younger agents name is Alan Ward, and he does everything by the book. He’s much tensed about his job, and takes everything serious. He’s also officially the leader of the operation. The older agent is Rupert Anderson, and he’s...
873 words - 4 pages
Associate Program Material
Racial Diversity in Society Worksheet
Complete the following using the MySocLab Social Explorer Map: Income Inequality by Race (located on the student website) as a reference:
• Select 1 racial group from the list below:
o African American
o Asian American
o Arab American
o Hispanic American/Latino
• Write a 150- to 300-word summary of the economic, social, and political standings of that group. Use additional resources if necessary, from the University Library or your textbooks. Provide citations for all the sources you use.
I chose to review the Hispanic/latino race for further...
561 words - 3 pages
Martin Luther King Jr’s “I Have A Dream” speech in 1963 could be dubbed as one of the most famous speeches of the 20th century. In a short amount of time, King covered an incredible amount of ground while proposing so much, and voicing his dreams for the future. In 1963, Dr. King had the hopes that blacks would be able to join the forces of whites, throughout all aspects of society, not only as friends but brothers. He had a dream that one day public transportation systems, water fountains, schools, benches would no longer be segregated; that blacks and whites could be among each other with equal equality. He had a dream that one day blacks would be able to have that American opportunity...
626 words - 3 pages
In the book, Just like a River by Muhammad Kamil al-Katib is a fiction story about a family in Syria. The story shows how the political and societal beliefs during this time lead to complex relationships between the characters. The book was written to show that how old world beliefs clash and intermingle between current and progressive beliefs of the new younger generations and shows how complex even simple relationship can become when following your convictions and hiding ones true feelings. The book was written for Arabic readers and was translated for an English speaking audience this is where I believe that the original intent of the author was to show the complexities of living in Syria...
616 words - 3 pages
Black southern women and the civil rights movement
Southern Black Women in the modern Civil Rights movement played a major role during the Civil rights movement. Women all over were trying to make a difference in the areas that they lived in mainly the south. In Merline Pitre's and Bruce Glasrud book Black Southern Women and the Civil Rights Movement. They begin to discuss southern black women perspective on racism and their experiences during the modern civil rights movement. These women protested, participated in sit in and help change the inequality in the Deep South. The book is divided up in chapter specific to the states that racism affected in the south. The books discuss women...
329 words - 2 pages
The film shown in class, The Color of Fear, featured a focus group of men representing multicultural America, who held an open and often frank discussion of racial issues in the United States. Among the many topics and issues mentioned included the notion of White over Black, or persons of color. Closely related to this is White Supremacy and White Privilege. Other things mentioned by the participants include: being invisible, disregarded, ignored, that minorities held themselves back from progress, and color-blindness to name but a few.
In the interest of previewing the content of this course, what was it about the film that got your initial attention, revealed something new in the...
1142 words - 5 pages
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Racism and Schools
Author: D. E. Campbell
Source: Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall
Students of different ethnic groups (Latinos, Asians, Native Americans, African Americans, and European Americans) learn to read at dramatically different rates in our schools.
The ethnic group you belong to makes a substantial difference in school achievement. Mexican Americans leave school at a higher rate than other Hispanics, and Hispanics drop out at a higher rate than do non-Hispanic Whites (Ramirez & de la Cruz, 2003). There has been a dramatic increase in the rate of segregation of Black and Latino students from White students in the nation’s public schools...
286 words - 2 pages
I am Karen Blixen, a Danish author and the wife of a Danish Baron. I moved to Kenya in 1914 and established a coffee plantation, hiring hundreds of the natives, the Kikuyus, to tend to my crops and take care of my house. Unfortunately, I am only one of the few who treat them with kindness and pay them very well I do this because I want to help their situation. Most African workers have terrible working AND living conditions and get payed half of their European counterparts. Not only that but Africans also do not have many personal freedoms or rights because of racism. The Europeans called for an apartheid or complete social segregation which did...
1070 words - 5 pages
Sociological research has challenged the view that ethnic differences in achievement reflect innate differences of intelligence and ability; this has become a view that very few sociologists now put forward. Ethnicity refers to the shared cultural traditions and history, which are distinct from other groups in society. The level of achievement of different ethnic groups varies. This may be due to factors such as home background, class, language and in-school factors. Recent studies highlight the effects of racism. Ethnicity influences factors that lead to an impact on education.
There are many reasons for educational underachievement and it has been said that ethnicity is one of these...
752 words - 4 pages
On the AMC hit television show, Mad Men, the main character Don Draper spoke very powerful words when he said, “People tell you who they are but we ignore it, because we want them to be who we want them to be.”. The main character of the novel written by Craig Silvey titled, Jasper Jones dealt with the troubles of, as Don Draper said, people ignoring who somebody is simply because we want them to be who we want. Set in 1965 in a small West Australian town called Corrigan, main character, Charlie Butkin is faced with the fear of being drafted into war with Vietnam and seeing his friends treated poorly by others because of racism. The novel kick starts, however, when Charlie is interrupted by...
988 words - 4 pages
Our behavior is shaped by many influences, some external and some internal. Humans are social creatures meaning that cultural predispositions define our circumstances. Our attitudes and personalities play a significant role in shaping behavior as well, sometimes offsetting, and sometimes reinforcing social pressures. How we think influences our perceptions of the world and how we think influences our perception of others. Also how we think influences our perceptions of ourselves. Social Psychology differs from other related disciplines in that it focuses on “social” aspects of human behaviors, specifically, how...
990 words - 4 pages
6 November 2014
William Shakespeare`s Othello is a play set in Venice. The plot is based on a story about two people who love each other dearly and the problems and conflicts they face from the start. The conflicts are, for the most part, tied in with racial issues and questions of race and loyalty. These conflicts stem from the society around the couple, as well as from the couple themselves as they too are part of this society, but with very different backgrounds: The female protagonist is the daughter of a highly-respected Venetian senator Brabantio. Othello also known as the Moor--is a foreigner, black in color, has a...
1043 words - 5 pages
There is no denying it; we all are prejudice, some more than others. Just imagine yourself walking through an airport terminal. There is a Middle-Eastern man sitting, waiting to get on the same plane that you happen to be boarding. Due to recent events over the past decade, many Americans have a feeling that this man is a terrorist and is going to blow up the plane. Although this is not the truth, this is how most people think. People obtain these prejudices from family, friends and events. When you are growing up your personality, beliefs and lifestyles are formed. Prejudice does not just come out through skin color, but about other qualities such as physical and mental disabilities....
396 words - 2 pages
Strange Fruit: An Overview of Lynching in America
The article presented a definitive overview of lynching in America. Much of the reasoning behind lynching is very crude. It is shocking to learn that majority of lynchings occurred for absolutely no reason. I wish there was an effective way to protect African Americans from this horrific punishment. Unfortunately, it took decades to spread awareness of the violence. I don’t understand why it was necessary to intimidate African Americans.
For whites to take justice into their own hands removes their respect from the legal system. If a black person committed a crime then he should be afforded the same due process as his white counterpart....
413 words - 2 pages
Colorism: The present reality and its continuing impact on the Black community
To bring awareness of “Colorsim” to the community and educators of young black Americans; this practice of self oppression within the black community is often overlooked and is an internal form of racism causing continued hindrance to progression of the black community in society.
Statement of Qualification:
This topic wasn’t as important to me until I watched the episode on CNN titled “Who is Black in America?” by Soledad O’Brien. I am a dark skinned black man married to a white woman, we have three bi-racial children; one son age three and two girls ages eight and five. I...
1658 words - 7 pages
21st Century Segregation: Are We Still Divided by Race?
Racial segregation was a concept that began in early history and is still prevalent in some
societies today. It is often seen as a destructive forceful tactic of separating individuals based on
their racial background. However, many new immigrants voluntarily choose to live in a
segregated society. Segregation can be easily seen in certain communities where there is a
concentration containing a particular racial group.
The area where one lives significantly influences their overall quality of life as well as
their job, education opportunities, formation of social relationships and networks or access to a
mortgage. These aspects...
698 words - 3 pages
Racism In Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn
In recent years, there has been increasing discussion ofthe seemingly racist ideas expressed by Mark Twain inHuckleberry Finn.
The basis for these has been the depiction of one of the main characters in Huckleberry Finn, Jim, a black slave. Jim, is a "typical"
black slave who runs away from his "owner" Miss Watson. At
several points in the novel, Jim's character is described
to the reader, and some people have looked upon the
characterization as racist. However, before one begins to
censor a novel it is important to separate the ideas of the
724 words - 3 pages
According with Perkins, an Assistant Professor of English at Prince George’s Community College in Maryland, he believes that the novel “Go Tell it on the Mountain” is divided into three dissimilar parts. To begin with the first section, “The Seventh Day”, which sets the readers to the principal action of the novel. Also calls John initiation in manhood and discover of self in the closing section.
Later on, Perkins describes the other section from the book called “The Prayers of the Saints”, focused on the history of John’s family. The author of this article reminds the reader that argues and different narrative voices in this section create “a technical fault” in the novel. The reason for...
1007 words - 5 pages
The critical acclaim that followed the box office destroyer, Avatar, out shined most films since the creation of Hollywood and the American cinema composition. Coming in at the second highest grossing film of all times only behind Titanic, James Cameron and his crew of artistic creators surely gave their audiences something to talk about. The film takes place in two separate worlds, the industrialized earth and the beautiful and plush avatar infested world of Pandora. The controversy of the film is centered on the humans mining the world of Pandora for a highly valuable element worth an estimated $20 million dollars a kilogram. The artistically drawn...
699 words - 3 pages
Cyber Crime a 21st Century Problem
Subsequent research has focused in establishing Cybercrime as an activity only for computer programmers. However, Cybercrime has recently expanded to appear as a full capital offense since it integrates multiple forms of criminal activities. Per se, Cybercrime has proved to be a social, economic, and political form of disturbance, or in other words, a mother of 21st century crimes. The commencing research will endeavor to prove that Cybercrime should be managed in a more responsive method since it encourages the development of other crimes. The research is defragmented into three main sections,...
970 words - 4 pages
The Bluest Eye Essay (2nd Draft)
Ms. Morrison divides her novel “The Bluest Eye“ into four seasons by making use of motives of her own life. The desire for communicating and sharing aspects with the reader develops a real and identifiable story. But, the reader will only receive knowledge about character perspectives and time frames piece by piece. In order to develop Pecolas fortune to a dramatic climax, she let’s the nature act against her, too. Furthermore, various techniques are used that make the text narratively rich, which leads to a style that contributes towards the dramatic plot action.
A lot of what makes The Bluest Eye such capable is the use of special techniques that...
3131 words - 13 pages
Education inequalities and achievements
In this essay different in educational achievements of social groups including class, gender and ethnicity as well as difference in achievement caused by out of school factors and in school factors will be discussed.
Education has had a huge impact to peoples lives and there is a significant difference in the educational achievement based class, ethnicity and gender. A child`s social background has a huge impact on the success in education and their life in future. On average children from middle class families perform well in school, get better GCSE results, stay longer in full time education than children from the working class families. Majority...
1429 words - 6 pages
NOTES ON COMPLETING THE APPLICATION FORM
PAGE THREE… ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IN SUPPORT OF YOUR APPLICATION Please refer to the Person Specification when completing this part of the application form. This is the most important section as it gives you the opportunity to sell yourself as being the right person for the job. When filling this in, don’t just repeat your work history, instead try and provide evidence using examples where appropriate, that you have the skills, abilities, knowledge and experience asked for. The Person Specification lists the attributes required to undertake the duties and responsibilities of the post and is designed to assess your suitability for the job. Therefore...
1586 words - 7 pages
Race vs. Class
From the time of slavery until the twenty-first century, race has been the driving element regarding opportunities for people of African descent. The question of whether this has changed presently is ambiguous. America has certainly evolved from a place of slavery and segregation to the self-proclaimed “Land of Opportunities” offering equal rights and prospects to all, yet there are still signs of inequality within the social construct of the nation. If one were to take a look at the American work field, they would notice the differences in positions acquired by African-Americans and Caucasians. African-Americans typically work minimum-wage jobs, living paycheck to paycheck...
1801 words - 8 pages
Feb. 11, 2016 Ethnic Studies Week 6
*Paper due in 3 weeks
Immigration, Eugenics, White Ethnics, Mexican Americans
U.S. Immigration Legislation (Tyner, 60)
-1907: U.S. Japan Gentlemen’s Agreement
-Denied entry to Japanese laborers
-1917: Immigration Act
-Denied entry to illiterates (meant to exclude Southern and Eastern Europeans)
-Designated an “Asiatic Barred Zone” denying entry to people from the lands between India, Australia, and Japan
1924: Johnson-Reed Act (National Origins Act)
-Promoted by the American eugenics movement
-Designated to maintain national purity and security
-America should remain a white, Protestant nation
-All others must either assimilate or...
618 words - 3 pages
Google, Inc., In China (Edited) Kristen E. Martin
Tom MacLean finished watching the Senate hearing on C-Span and slumped in his chair. He had been with Google, Inc., as a director of International Business for only nine months, and it wasn’t going as well as he had hoped. The decision—to physically enter Chinese territory and, consequently, subject search results to Chinese filtering and monitoring— drew ire from non-governmental organizations academics, press and the general public, culminating in a congressional hearing. A search for Tiananmen Square on Google.com produces a list of web sites depicting the brutal suppression of demonstrators in China in June 1989. The same search on...
577 words - 3 pages
CAUSE AND EFFECT OF ADVERTISING
Recently, advertising can be found everywhere from newspaper, TV, online channels or even at home flyers. In some ways, it contributes as a must-have part of modern people’s lives. Advertisements take place widely as a result of several reasons, and they often have big impacts on the receivers who receive the messages from these advertisings.
On one hand, it’s easy to identify that there are three major reasons for advertising. First of all, the most common reason is, to the companies or the economic groups, to build up the brand identities in the consumers’ mindsets. For instance, when a new product is launched, a company wants to publicly announce it to...
544 words - 3 pages
In economics, an externality, or transaction spill over is a cost or benefit that is not transmitted through prices. This spillover to others is called a positive externality in consumption, since people other than the direct consumer of the item find their well-being enhanced by the direct consumer’s use of it. Education is a good example of a positive externality to acquire educational benefits to the individual and to society as a whole. These are the possible positive externalities such as more the following:
1- Rapid economic growth
2- Better functioning democratic processes
3- Improve public safety, hygiene, and greater charitable giving as the...
549 words - 3 pages
University of Phoenix Material
Define the following terms:
|Term |Definition |
|Stereotypes |unreliable generalizations about all members of a group that do not take individual differences into|
| |account |
|Prejudice |A unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason. |
| | ...
2186 words - 9 pages
African American woman as you all know have it the worst in this country that we live in. The United States of America has downgraded blacks in general from when the first African slaves were force into the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619 to social inequality today. At the same rate, so did females, blacks harsher than whites. Females faced sexism everywhere they went. Females were portrayed to be just housewives sitting at home watching the kids and cooking dinner. As it’s bluntly known, due to the fact that black women had to fight for both racism and sexism, black woman in America have it worse. For a long time America had...
566 words - 3 pages
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was South Africa's first black chief executive, and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalized racism, poverty and inequality, and fostering racial reconciliation. Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress(ANC) from 1991 to 1997. Internationally, Mandela was Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement...
552 words - 3 pages
Unit Essay #1
My mom came to the United States from Honduras when she was in her late 20’s so it could be understood that she has been swayed by her heritage. I on the other hand, was born and raised in Miami where there’s a variety of cultures melting with one another, so it would be natural that we would have different point of views on certain topics. I know that Honduras will always be in her heart and she will always love tamales, rice and beans with tortillas but she’ll also have her racist and religious tendencies like my whole family does.
When my cousin gave birth to her dark baby girl, she lectured me about ‘not defiling our race’. The only thing I always retort is with, “I...
460 words - 2 pages
This article “Making $2.13 an Hour and the Boss Skims Tips? How We Can Fight Exploitation in Restaurants”, Erik Loomis talks about how restaurant managers and corporate take advantage of their employees through tips. The way they do this is by paying their employees a wage based mostly on tips instead of regular living wage. This wage is a noticeable difference from a living wage because most of their income is based on tips, rather than pay checks. What the corporate does is take these tips or percentage of these tips to earn more money while still saving money by paying their employees less.
According to the article it’s not hard for management to do this to their employees...
528 words - 3 pages
Case Study: Adolph Coors Company
Should Shirley Richard encourage or discourage the Coors brothers to go on “60 Minutes”.
submit to an interview to booster Coors’ image. Public debate and media commentary can present new challenges for organizations that do not have a clear strategic response to those issues (Benn, Todd & Pendleton, 2010). It would be in the company’s best interest to get ahead of the negative press and defend itself against the allegations of racism, sexism, and other biases. If Coors were to refuse an interview it may look like they have something to hide or and it could to the company being judged more harshly. A company’s image in the media can make or break...
567 words - 3 pages
OTHELLO: SHORT PLOT SUMMARY
The story of William Shakespeare's Othello is set in 16th-century Venice and Cyprus. Othello the Moor, a noble black warrior in the Venetian army, has secretly married a beautiful white woman called Desdemona, the daughter of a prominent senator, Brabantio. When he finds out, he is outraged, and promptly disowns her.
Othello’s ensign, Iago, harbours a secret jealousy and resentment towards the Moor, partly because another soldier, lieutenant Cassio, has been promoted ahead of him, and also because he suspects that Othello has had an affair with his wife. Intent on revenge, Iago hatches a devious plan to plant suspicions in Othello’s mind that Desdemona has...
633 words - 3 pages
Rugby World Cup Opening Ceremony; a Commemoration of Rugby’s Origin
27 September 2015
Rugby World Cup Opening Ceremony; a Commemoration of Rugby’s Origin
“Ladies and gentlemen, I am greatly honored for being part of this colorful event where history will be made. We are all here to celebrate the opening ceremony of this beautiful landmark in world rugby. We have waited four years, but now we are just one hour away from the kickoff of the first match of the 2015 Rugby world cup in our iconic Twickenham stadium at the heart of England, the beautiful city of London. Wow, this is beautiful; I am...
637 words - 3 pages
HIS 204 WEEK 4
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HIS 204 WEEK 4,
HIS 204 WEEK
A Single American Nation. When the First World War began, African-American leaders pressed the government to provide black men the right to go to combat to prove their devotion to their country. Hoping that their service would lay a stake on citizenship which the nation would have no choice but to honor, the “New Negro” of the 1920s adopted a more militant stance toward civil rights. The civil rights struggle envisioned at the time, however, made few concrete gains. Discrimination and...
507 words - 3 pages
In Border Contraband, Díaz examines the reality of change in the smuggling contraband over the Texas-Mexico border. Díaz states that the innocence of smuggling could not relate to the violence witnessed and what was reported in the news, a difference which inspired him to write the book. For example, the news media indicated that any encounter between the Texas Rangers and the border smugglers would result in the border smugglers initiating violence and the officers shooting back and killing or wounding them while they escaped unhurt. The content in the news did not reflect what Diaz had witnessed as a child in the smuggling business.