807 words - 4 pages
Part 1: The Producers
Try to get two plants to happily co–exist. In any given ecosystem, most organisms will carve out a niche for themselves where they can obtain all of the necessities to survive. Often, different species within the ecosystem will compete for the resources that a niche provides. However, certain species live well together—symbiotically, parasitically, or by staying out of each other's way. For example, lichen and moss, often the primary colonizers of a new ecosystem, tend to live fairly harmoniously in each other's vicinity. Let's see what happens in this model.
587 words - 3 pages
The point of writing a scientific paper is to communicate the findings and significance of your research. Always envision yourself writing to a reader who (a) isn't familiar with your study area, samples, or methods, (b) may be (and as a scientist should be) skeptical of the claims you are making, and (c) probably has more pressing things to do with their time and so will skip your article unless you persuade him or her of its clarity and significance. No one will be obligated to read your paper, so you have to persuade them to start reading, and you have to write clearly enough that they keep reading.
(W2) The Introduction.
The purpose of the introduction is to...
758 words - 4 pages
Environment, Resources, and Competition
University of Phoenix
Ecology and Evolution
January 14, 2011
The ecosystem I choose to analyze is the tropical rain forest. These forests contain large
trees and dense vegetation with warm temperatures year round accompanied by frequent rainfall.
Tropical rain forests also have very diverse species of plants and animals; there is a very high
level of biodiversity present there as well. Most trees have very short roots, particularly taller
trees, while others have deeper roots. The soil is very thin because the tree branches and leaves
keep the ground shaded and void of sunlight. This...
284 words - 2 pages
Gel Electrophoresis Protocol
40 ml of 1% agarose gel
40 ml of TBE 1x buffer
4 microL of Ethidium Bromide
50 ml graduated cylinder
250 ml Erlenmeyer flask
Gel Cast and comb
Mini sub cell chamber
Heat protecting gloves
1. Weigh 0.40 g agarose gel
2. Obtain 40 ml of TBE 1x buffer into a 50 ml graduated cylinder
3. Mix the 0.40 agarose gel and the 40 ml TBE 1x buffer into a 250 ml Erlenmeyer flask
4. Cover Erlenmeyer flask with kin wipe
5. Microwave until the mix bubbles vigorously at about 30-40 seconds
6. Remove mix from microwave using heat protecting gloves and allow to cool down for...
373 words - 2 pages
Riding a wave of creative destruction – reflections on Ecology and Society
According to the article “Riding a wave of creative destruction – reflections on Ecology and Society” by L. Gunderson. C. Folke and M. Lee, it is identifying how we have evolved from paper and plastic to paper to electrons (digital medium). Most people and businesses in today society are using electronic formats. Most journals that we read today are in both paper and electronic format. According to the article “The kind of transformation that the Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter said was caused by “gales of creative destruction.” In his model, systems change when new ideas, products, and technologies bring...
297 words - 2 pages
n epidemiology, an epidemic (from επί (epi), meaning "upon or above" and δήμος (demos), meaning "people") occurs when new cases of a certain disease, in a given human population, and during a given period, substantially exceed what is expected based on recent experience.:354 Epidemiologists often consider the term outbreak to besynonymous to epidemic, but the general public typically perceives outbreaks to be more local and less serious than epidemics.:55, 354
Epidemics of infectious disease are generally caused by a change in the ecology of the host population (e.g. increased stress or increase in the density of a vector species), a genetic change in the parasite population or...
319 words - 2 pages
1.What did “movement’ begin to refer to after the two world wars? What are some examples?
“Movement” began to refer specifically to groups of people coming together to seek political, economic, cultural, but especially social change. For example, the us civil rights, black power, anti-war student, women’s ecology and gay movements promoted a new label: social movements.
2.What are three features of the “new social movements”?
The new social movements frequently rejected or offered revision to the political theories that predominated.
The new social movements had more generalized demand.
The target of new social movements was as much as prevailing mainstream attitudes...
430 words - 2 pages
➢ SWOT Anaylis: Product
| | | Threats |
| |Opportunities | |
| | |- The bedding market is a saturated one |
| |- People from different ages suffer from backaches|- The youths’ budget is relatively small |
| |- Hard for students to wake up in the morning, ...
796 words - 4 pages
Reference List Assignment
Ecology Letters: Impacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity.
This article explains the many different impacts of climate change that effect individuals, species etc.one important point stated is that a study has resulted that about 6300 species have a great possibility of disappearing due to extinction (Celine et al. 2012).
Letters: Nematode from the terrestrial deep subsurface of South Africa.
One point in which I felt increased my knowledge to this topic understands the difference between Halicephalobus and H.mephisto, even though they have a morphologically minimalistic gene they are different due to their long spotted tail (Borgonie et al....
1423 words - 6 pages
The cost of sustainability: the price of social responsibility
Gregory A Totty - ORG530 –Business Ethics and Sustainability
Colorado State University- Global University Dr. Robert Vega
February 24, 2013
The purpose of the following research is to demonstrate the complex dynamics of costing systems as organizations try to predict those unseen costs that factor so heavily in the success and profitability of a business. The various costing systems are defined with a special emphasis on their ability to accurately predict those costs that are not of the normal operation and production of the company. Recent events in...
1598 words - 7 pages
Looking Back at the Industrial Revolution
SCI 201 – Ecology and Environmental Sustainability
Module 1, Assignment 3
Instructor Tamara Allen
February 13, 2016
Look Back at the Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution is a very broad subject. The industrialization of society was a process that took place over several years. The revolution started in the mid-1700s, and the impact is still visible in the 20th century. The Industrial Revolution defined in our textbook, Essential environment: The science behind the stories (3rd edition), is, "The shift in the mid-1700s from rural life, animal-powered agriculture, and manufacturing by...
615 words - 3 pages
Explanations of Criminal Behavior
In the early 1900s, sociologists at the University of Chicago applied the concept of social disorganization to the explanation of crime, delinquency, and other social problems. With origins in the study of ecology, social disorganization refers to the failure of social organizations or social institutions in certain neighborhoods and communities. Robert Ezra Park’s research “demonstrated that criminal behavior was independent of individual characteristics and much more dependent on disruptive social forces” (23). Park’s social disorganization theory forms the basis for several other theories in contemporary criminology. For example, the theories that have...
543 words - 3 pages
It is difficult to define what exactly is the technology. In principle the term literally refers to the study of the technique, that is, to all the theoretical or practical knowledge involving the scientific disciplines. According to this definition, something is to be a technology as such, you must have a use in a particular field. At the time that no longer used, it would be technology. Like that is pretty hard to categorize, we tend to talk about obsolete technologies or obsolete. No need to go to the time of the invention of fire to see technologies that have been replaced by others: that to our grandparents it was technology for our generation can be an anachronism without practical...
660 words - 3 pages
1.0 SWOT ANALYSIS
1.1 STRENGTHS | Yeo Valley farms (production) Ltd is a private limited company and operates in the farming and dairy processing business, mainly in the UKIt operates mainly in the organic dairy market The family business was taken over by TIM Mead in 1990, together with his mother, they have developed a strong brand in the Yeo valley Organic rangeYeo Valley stated production of organic yoghurts in 1993 and introduced its first fruit flevoured organic yoghurt in 1995The entrepreneurial spirit of TIM is reflected in his key philosophyYeo Valley is much more than a yoghurt manufacturerTim believes in a balanced approached to farming |
1.2 WEAKNESS | Initially the...
4510 words - 19 pages
Faculty Publications and Presentations
A. Pierre Guillermin Library
"Global Environmental Problems Require Global
Solutions": A Case Study in Ecomessianism
Liberty University, firstname.lastname@example.org
Morrisville State College, email@example.com
Veak, Tyler and Galusky, Wyatt, ""Global Environmental Problems Require Global Solutions": A Case Study in Ecomessianism"
(1999). Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 15.
This Article is brought to you for free and open access by the A. Pierre Guillermin Library at...
783 words - 4 pages
The Environment and Big Business
Since the rise of environmental awareness, business and industry have always considered environmentalism a waste of time, only getting in the way of profits and production. From the perspective of business, environmentalists push for regulations and restrictions on businesses which cost them more money and frequently restrict some of their practices. What business an the economy doesn't know is that they can actually save money by being environmentally responsible, while protecting the very resources they depend on . The protection of the environment not only has intrinsic value, but also economical value. Business and industry, can also benefit....
1021 words - 5 pages
Honors Environmental Science
27 November 2012
Chapter 4 Test Questions
1.(5pts) Why are large animals that we tend to value (bison, whales, etc.) more likely to go extinct than smaller ones that are nuisances (mosquito’s, mice)?
Larger mammals, on the other hand, must endure the hard times when there’s little food or extreme weather. Their large size constrains them from digging burrows or lowering their metabolic rates for extended time periods. In a sense, larger mammals face the elements head-on like a fearless adventurer who might not make it through alive, and is forever changed by the experience. On an individual level, large mammals tend to live...
852 words - 4 pages
SWOT ANALYSIS | October 3
Daniel W, Jaime H, Sam G, Ayrton B, Andrew S | Business Studies |
1. Cover page
* CBD=central business district
* Amenity=the quality of being pleasant or agreeable
* Fragmentation=market situation without group or buyers or sellers
* SWOT analysis=a structured planning method used to evaluate the strengths, weaknesses opportunities and threats involved in a project in a business venture.
* Frequency= the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit time.
* Sustainability=a sustainable development...
2233 words - 9 pages
Anthropology is the study of humans, past and present. To understand the full sweep and complexity of cultures across all of human history, anthropology draws and builds upon knowledge from the social and biological sciences as well as the humanities and physical sciences. A central concern of anthropologists is the application of knowledge to the solution of human problems. Historically, anthropologists in the United States have been trained in one of four areas: sociocultural anthropology, biological/physical anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics. Anthropologists often integrate the perspectives of several of these areas into their research, teaching, and professional lives.
1176 words - 5 pages
The ocean covers roughly two thirds of the Earth’s surface area, and as such is the most valuable resource that we have. Every year through mal-treatment and abuse we irreparably damage our ocean and the ecology found within it. Instead of focusing on what we can gain through strip mining the ocean of its treasures, work needs to be done to establish a safeguard for its preservation. Late President and naturalist Theodore Roosevelt stated “To waste, to destroy, our natural resources, to skin and exhaust the [ocean] instead of using it so as to increase it’s usefulness, will result in undermining in the days of our children the very property which we ought by to hand down to them amplified...
1260 words - 6 pages
Business and Innovation in Networked Economy
Course Background and Introduction
The dynamic of our society, and particularly our new economy, is increasingly obeying the logic of networks. Understanding how networks work will be the key to understanding how the economy works.
We are connecting everything to everything.
Businesses and governments that are able to effectively employ information and communication technologies find more sophisticated and efficient ways of managing their external relationships and communications. This growing ICT usage helps form the critical mass of electronic transactions which supports a networked economy, both in terms of the network size and the...
1160 words - 5 pages
Watershed management is the study of the relevant characteristics of a watershed aimed at the sustainable distribution of its resources and the process of creating and implementing plans, programs, and projects to sustain and enhance watershed functions that affect the plant, animal, and human communities within a watershed boundary. Features of a watershed that agencies seek to manage include water supply, water quality, drainage, stormwater runoff, water rights, and the overall planning and utilization of watersheds. Landowners, land use agencies, stormwater management experts, environmental specialists, water use surveyors and communities all play an integral part in the management of...
1336 words - 6 pages
In contemporary American culture, consuming is as authentic as it gets. Advertisements, getting a bargain, garage sales, and credit cards are firmly entrenched pillars of our way of life. We shop on our lunch hours, patronize outlet malls on vacation, and satisfy our latest desires with a late-night click of the mouse. The idea that consumption is private should not, then, be a conversation- stopper. But what should a politics of consumption look like?
A right to a decent standard of living. This familiar idea is especially important now because it points us to a fundamental distinction between what people need and what they want. In the not very distant past, this dichotomy was not only...
1210 words - 5 pages
Ethical decision-making refers to the process of evaluating and choosing among alternatives in a manner that are consistent with the principles of ethics and professional behavior (Blink, 2015). When making decisions, organizations often require commitment, consciousness, and competence. One interesting aspect of ethical decision-making is that they are not only morally “correct” but they are also effective. In other words, ethical decisions generate and maintain trust, demonstrate respect, responsibility, fairness, and caring, and are consistent with good citizenship.
Ethics is effective in guiding the organizations objectives as they relate to the corporate strategy....
1617 words - 7 pages
Manas Indian Wildlife Sanctuary
Describing the diversity of life forms found in the foothills of the Himalayas, on a gentle
slope where the wooded forests give way to streams, and grasslands the Manas wildlife sanctuary
is a home place habitat to many of a variety of endangered species and wildlife. The Indian
rhino and Indian elephant and the pygmy wild hog, and tiger are the main endangered wildlife
species that are threatened. (UNESCO.org).
The Manas wildlife sanctuary received its name from the Goddess of Manasa and the location
is well known by its reputation for its striking and...
1376 words - 6 pages
Date of submission
Status of Shark Stocks
Protection of all species in the ecosystem, especially the imperiled species, for reasons fundamental among them socioeconomic and environmental is crucial. Debate centering on whether the shark species is imperiled or not, has effects on allocation of funds meant for conservancy efforts. However, the agreement from both sides is on sharks importance and their sustainability as crucial. This expose elucidate positions informing both sides. Further, the expose will identify the most strongly supported side and identify probable lobbies that support either side.
Baum and Myers used data on the number of catches to...
1557 words - 7 pages
Bullfighting in the Modern World
Bullfighting is a traditional spectacle of western countries like Spain, Mexico, France, Philippines, and Columbia in which bulls are baited, and thereafter killed in a bullring for entertainment of the audience. Even though it is a blood sport by definition, many followers of this spectacle consider it as a fine art and not as a sport because it lacks competition elements in the proceedings. As it is practiced today, bullfight involves professional toreros who practice different formal moves that can be innovated and interpreted according to the bullfighter’s school or style. It is alleged that the fighters seek to elicit art and...
1757 words - 8 pages
The topic I have chosen to write about for my final project is water resources. Water resources are very important because without water this world as we know it wouldn’t be in existence. We all need water for daily survival and we need to do whatever we can to help keep our water resources clean and from drying out. I will discuss in details issues we are currently facing and how nonliving and living factors contribute to this issue, positive and negative human effects. My paper will also include a sustainability and mitigation plan and provide benefits and challenges regarding water resources. My paper will also help individuals to understand the importance of water resources...
1353 words - 6 pages
Yeast Culture Lab
Yeast is a one-celled, microscopic organism, which is part of the fungi kingdom. Yeasts do not make up a single group (Smith & Smith, 2012). Yeasts use organic material as a means of making energy, which make them chemoorganotrophs (Smith & Smith, 2012). Carbon is procured primarily from hexose sugars, such as fructose and glucose. Yeast need either oxygen for aerobic cellular respiration or for species that are anaerobic, but also have aerobic methods creating energy (Smith & Smith, 2012). There are no species of yeast species that are known to grow only anaerobically. Yeasts thrive in an environment with a slightly acidic...
1660 words - 7 pages
ABS 497 Complete Class-Applied Behavioral Sciences Capstone
Click Link Below To Buy:
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ABS 497 Complete Class-Applied Behavioral Sciences Capstone
ABS 497 Week 1 Assignment Community Change
Community Change. Write a two- to- three- page paper (excluding title and reference pages) that identifies a problem faced by your community. Discuss how a model of community change could be implemented to improve the problem.
1. Describe six features of your community (e.g., cultural make up, size, and locality).
2. Define the problem (e.g., obesity,...
3903 words - 16 pages
Personal Predjuges and Biases
One personal bias I have would be in relationship to some of the beliefs of the Mormons. Although I infrequently come in contact with individuals of this belief, I have had some exposure to them in my work history and have done some reading about their beliefs.
In less than 70 years, the number of Mormons has grown from less than a million to more than 6 million in the United States and 14 million worldwide. Their visibility and influence at all levels and walks of life have increased accordingly (Bohlen et al., 2010). The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), reflects the cultural impact of basic beliefs and...
2793 words - 12 pages
Disease and Evolution
The human body has been plagued with diseases since the beginning of time—pathogens like viruses and bacteria have made us privy to Mother Nature. As humans evolve, so do the diseases we are susceptible to. Some diseases that were once rare have become common, others have disappeared and newer, more daunting ones have emerged. Many of these changes have taken place in the wake of important transformations in human civilizations and ecology. It is therefore feasible to propose that diseases succeed and fail in response to humanity's advances. Natural selection is unable to provide us with perfect protection against all pathogens, because they tend to evolve much faster...
2034 words - 9 pages
Local Government Unit
* the giving of allotments and grants by the national government (NG) to local government units (LGUs)
* sharing of taxing powers between the NG and the LGUs, and among LGUs units
* policy on tax rates and structure
* revenue and expenditure planning
* revenue utilization and expenditure allocation
* monitoring and approval of budgets, tax ordinances and other fiscal measures
* policy on borrowing and borrowing instruments
* appointment and supervision of local fiscal officers
* No money shall be paid out of the local treasury except in pursuance of an appropriations ordinance or law
2077 words - 9 pages
To what extent do you agree that learning is a social process?
Everything we learn takes place in a social context. Social learning can be applied to many scenarios ranging from a group of children collaboratively trying to solve the question of how to make a kite, to a university professor writing a research paper with a colleague, both illustrate the case of a social side to learning. On the other hand some people believe that learning is an individual process, such as reading, researching and searching online, and the social element only occurs when you engage with your network. This essay will discuss both arguments, but focus strongly on the contention that daily observations...
2541 words - 11 pages
Analysis of Uttarakhand Floods as to what are the reasons why it happened
Flash floods warnings unheeded: Geologists
Geologists had repeatedly warned that sedimentary rock structure of the Himalayas comprising shale and siltstone is extremely pliable and construction of structures close to the rivers is a precursor for disaster
Several Himalayan geologists have repeatedly expressed apprehension against the massive road and dam-building construction activity taking place in Uttarakhand which had resulted in the hillsides “crumbling.
States oppose Model Flood Bill
Even as floods play havoc in Uttarakhand, several states have opposed the provisions of a 38-year-old Model Flood Bill...
4914 words - 20 pages
collective effectiveness. This finding illustrates how the impact of social ties on individuals’ perceptions manifests itself in different ways. Moreover, it shows that there is a privileged path (highlighted with bold arrows in Figures 1 and 2) leading to strong participation in social movements. Of all perceptions, individual effectiveness is the factor in the decision process that most closely influences the level of participation in both the Bern Declaration and the WWF. Prospective members with a strong feeling that if they engage in protest, their participation will serve at least to a certain extent to bring about social change will actualize their potential for mobilization at...
4697 words - 19 pages
A Review of the Literature Concerning Ethical Leadership in Organizations
Kelly Monahan Regent University
The following article explores the literature regarding the topic of ethical leadership. Thirty-eight articles were identified that are written by authors who focused on four main topics. These topics are the definition of ethical leadership, the personal integrity and morality of a leader, how a leader ethically influences followers, and current challenges facing ethical leaders. These four topics are explored in further detail within the literature review. Overall, it is found that ethical leadership is complex and a relatively newer field of study. Yet, common themes include the...
5182 words - 21 pages
A public-private partnership for securing the future vitality of the
arts and culture of Metro Louisville and Southern Indiana
September 20, 2004
▪ Preamble 1
▪ Cultural Blueprint Goals
← Goal 1 6
← Goal 2 8
← Goal 3 10
← Goal 4 12
← Goal 5 14
Imagine if you will:
• Walking in downtown Louisville and having every weekend evening feel like the First Friday Gallery Hop, with people popping in and out of galleries, retail stores and restaurants, getting on the trolley for a next stop and...
4477 words - 18 pages
SimBio Virtual Labs®
EcoBeaker®: The Barnacle Zone
NOTE TO STUDENTS:
This workbook accompanies the SimBio Virtual Labs® The Barnacle Zone laboratory. Only registered subscribers are authorized to use this material. Laboratory subscriptions may not be shared or transferred.
Student’s Name: _________________________________ Signature: __________________________________ Date: __________________________________
This and other SimBio Virtual Labs® are accessible through SimBio’s SimUText System®.
SimBio Virtual Labs®: EcoBeaker® The Barnacle Zone
When we tell our kids about different species and where they live, we naturally start talking about weather...
4137 words - 17 pages
THEORY SYNTHESIS #3
CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, DOMINGUEZ HILLS
I. Theories of Organizational Culture and Change
Organizational Culture and Change theories were first introduced between the 1950’s and 1960’s, but gained an unsavory reputation in the 1980’s. The origins of this theory came from the realization that U.S. companies and government agencies had lost their competitiveness and agility during the last three decades of the 20th century (Shafritz, Ott, Jang, 2011, pg. 338). This was in addition to the understanding that organizational change required more than structural or functional tweaking but instead that that organizational cultures had to be...
3945 words - 16 pages
Activity | Community | Observations |
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* Marketing Manipulation : Market manipulation describes a deliberate attempt to interfere with the free and fair operation of the market and create artificial, false or misleading appearances with respect to the price of, or market for, a security, commodity or currency. Market manipulation is prohibited in the United States under Section 9(a)(2) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and in Australia under Section s 1041A of the Corporations Act 2001. The Act defines market manipulation as transactions which create an...
3958 words - 16 pages
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
Social Responsibility Definition and Motivation
Corporate Social Responsibility (CRS) can still be a controversial topic. CRS is a commitment made by a corporation to develop and adhere to policies that are socially responsible in areas of work, community welfare, ecology, human rights, and family life. Today’s businesses realize an ingredient in being successful is through respect and confidence of their customers. A company can obtain respect and confidence through being socially responsible.
Through social responsibility corporations manage their business processes to produce a positive impact on society. The growth of easing problems in...
3291 words - 14 pages
What role should authorities have in maintaining a clean and adequate water supply?
Sid Stallings, Jr.
Western Governors University
What role should authorities have in maintaining a clean and adequate water supply?
Water is essential for every living being on earth. It covers 70% of our planet, but only about 3% is fresh water. Of that 3%, 2/3 of it is frozen as glaciers, so only about 1% of the world’s water is actually usable for drinking, cleaning, and irrigating farmlands according to the World Wildlife Fund (Krchnak, 2014). Some populations, industries, and businesses are using up the limited supply of fresh water at an alarming rate for personal gain, leaving many without this...
3283 words - 14 pages
March 26, 2015
Understanding the Foundation
George Perkins Marsh (March 15, 1801 – July 23, 1882), an American diplomat and philologist, is considered by some to be America's first environmentalist and the creator of the sustainability concept. His Ideals and concepts were beyond that of the time he lived in. He believed that the earth was a system that had a perfect compensation process. This is system could handle any kind of change or natural disruption, but when man began to tamper with the earth it became apparent that the earth compensation process could not handle the destructive nature of humans.
Marsh strongly suggested that if...
3931 words - 16 pages
White Paper for Claremont, CA.
The city of Claremont defines the goal of sustainability through their plan as “The vision is one where all who live and work in Claremont are enabled to live in ways that allow them to meet their needs while preserving the ability of future generations to do the same. A sustainable Claremont is a community that balances social needs, environmental health and economic prosperity while not depleting or degrading its natural resources, creating social inequities, or limiting our prospects for continued economic prosperity.” The sustainability plan includes goals, indicators, numeric targets and actions. The city has a very well defined framework that has been...
2797 words - 12 pages
26th of November 2012
In this case I am working in Electrocorp, as the Chief Executive of the company. Electrocorp is an electronics company manufacturing onboard computer components for automobile. The company is facing an important choice to do. It can make more money for shareholders in relocating plants to a country with lower labor costs, less strict environmental regulations. Until now, all our plants are implanted in United States and until recently the company was...
2792 words - 12 pages
Same-sex marriage: The many sides of legalization
SAME-SEX MARRIAGE: THE MANY SIDES OF LEGALIZATION
There is no doubt that the family is a vital social unit and that it is impressed with great social interest. For these two reasons alone, it is only justified that the preservation of families should be of paramount importance to the government. The government, therefore, must create laws and institute policies that will promote the welfare of families. It should see to it that families are kept away from all social evils that tend to destroy their foundation. At the heart of families, it is said, is the concept of marriage. If families are to be protected, it stands to reason that...
4974 words - 20 pages
Civil Engineering Materials
Civil Engineering Materials Lab
Building Drawing and CAD lab.
Structural Analysis I
4884 words - 20 pages
1. Cooperative Identity, Values, Principles, Governance and Best Practices and Gentle Balanced Leadership By: Josefina B. Bitonio Supervising CDS A Lecture – Presentation for the 4th PamBuhay Parents Council Congress November 2, 2013 DMMMSU, Agoo, La Union
2. Cooperative Identity Groups of individual around the world and throughout time have worked together in the pursuit of human goals. Example of cooperation, collective action can be traced back to our prehistoric predecessors who recognized the advantages of hunting, gathering, and living in groups rather than on their own.
3. The earliest cooperative associations were created in Europe and North America during...