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Women In Iran Essay

1814 words - 8 pages

1.
Women's rights in Iran have for many years been a very controversial and heated topic. The way women live and are viewed by men in Iran has changed in so many ways throughout the end of the twentieth century leading into current day. Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was the last Shah of Iran and throughout his attempt to westernize his country he was overthrown by the Iranian Revolution, also known as the Islamic Revolution, on February 11th, 1979.[1] Religious rulers took over and influenced the Sharia Law, which are decisions on how to live life by studying religious texts. Ever since this change women have faced a struggle to survive in harsh conditions every day of their lives. Inequality ...view middle of the document...

Since the Saudi royalty follows Wahabism, majority citizens do as well. The government and culture of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia play a major role in determining the rights of women. Most women in Islamic countries are taught that a women’s main duty is to her family, husband, children and household and therefore it’s the husband or male family relatives role to go outside the house to work.
Under the Quran, the Isamic Holy Book, women are said to be equal to man.[4] The Qur’an, however, forbids the act of enslaving women, saying that they were equal to men. It said that a woman should have respect in marriage and in divorce. A woman should help satisfy the desires of her husband and does not surrender herself to anyone other than her husband.[5] However this is just in theory, in practice they are not at all looked at as equal.[6] Theologians maintain that women enjoyed no rights whatsoever and were treated no better than a commodity. Not only were they enslaved, but they could also be inherited as a possession.[7] It is illegal for women to drive because they will be leaving the house more often and interact with men much more. Driving would also cause women to have to take off their naqab. Even public transportation is an issue because of men, so segregated buses have been developed. Women are not looked at as important enough. In most cases, the testimony of a woman is not valid in a court of law.[8] Women are legally obedient to their husband and can not do anything without their permission, not even go to their fathers funeral.[9] Islamic women are forced to live under their husbands ruling due to the laws made for them. Once the revolution started and men got this power over women, they have treated them simply as dirt.[10] The laws made against these women are not brought up by the Quran, but rather put into different wording to make men more superior and westernization non-existent.
The status and conditions of women compared to men have always been an issue or point of concern. The abuse of women's rights in Iran is not only an adverse result, but the anticipated result of a state policy, which gives women fewer rights than men. This allows women to face discrimination in all walks of life, and which allows men the authority to exercise their power without any fear of being held accountable for their actions. The Sharia or Islamic law defines the roles of women which are that women are not equal to men when it comes to inheritance, but men and women are equal before God when it comes to their religious duties and the second is that women are placed under the protection and care of men. It says that men are not superior to women and that in the beginning men did not come before women and visa versa and that woman were not created for the purpose of man, but created in the unity of man.[11]
After the Revolution, the attitude toward women by men has been condescending.[12] Although the Hadith states that women are "morally...

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