WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND EDUCATION
The domain of entrepreneurship education is now faced with ever more interesting choices about what to be, who to serve and from what principles to profess. Opportunities and challenges in teaching and training related to globalization, technology, political organization and shifting demographics and social views have created entirely new understandings of what is important and where attention should be directed. Entrepreneurship is exciting and valued and most agree that while academics and others can’t help every person to be an entrepreneur, but can help those who are interested with tools, skill acquisition and ideas. The emergence ...view middle of the document...
Students feel more confident about setting up their own business as they can now test their own business ideas in an educational, supportive environment. However, the benefits of entrepreneurship education are not limited to boosting start-ups, innovative ventures and new jobs. Entrepreneurship is a competence for all, helping young people to be more creative and self-confident in whatever they undertake.
Few Schemes by the Government to Promote Women Entrepreneurship:
Some important schemes by the government are-
Trade Related Entrepreneurship Assistance and Development (TREAD)
The main objectives of the scheme are
•To provide assistance to women entrepreneurs through NGOs.
•To build up capacity of Entrepreneurship Development Institutions like National Institute for Small Industry Extension & Training (NISIET), Small Industries Service Institutes (SISI), State level EDIs ,etc., by providing financial support in the form of Government of India grant
•To create entrepreneurship development training facility through NGOs by providing financial support for conducting training programmes.
Mahila Udyam Nidhi
An exclusive scheme for providing equity to women entrepreneurs implemented by the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI).
Mahila Vikas Nidhi
It offers developmental assistance for pursuit of income generating activities to women.
Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY)
During 2006-07, the participation of women in terms of employment generation under Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY), was 16.5 per cent. The government made several relaxations to women to facilitate the participation of women beneficiaries.
Changes in Women Entrepreneurs in India
In the fifties compulsive factors led to the creation of women entrepreneurs. Women entrepreneurs of the sixties began to aspire but also accepted the social cultural traditions. The women in seventies opened up new frontier. They had not only aspiration but ambition. Women entrepreneurs of the eighties were educated in highly sophisticated technological and professional education. They became equally contributing partners. During the nineties, this was the first time when the concept of best rather than better than the male heir was talked about and the women entrepreneurs of the 21st Century have become the Jill of all trades.
Entrepreneurship education should not be confused with general business and economic studies. Its goal is to promote creativity, innovation and self-employment, and may include the following elements:
• developing personal attributes and skills that form the basis of an entrepreneurial mindset and behaviour (creativity, sense of initiative, risk-taking, autonomy, self-confidence, leadership, team spirit, etc.);
• raising the awareness of students about self-employment and entrepreneurship as possible career options;
• working on concrete enterprise projects and activities;
• providing specific...