Women and Sexual Orientation
Adam J. Hayden
January 25, 2013
Women and Sexual Orientation
For millennia there has existed no single group of individuals more discriminated against, nor marginalized in civil or basic human rights, in politics, economics or domestically, than women. Notwithstanding the Women’s Right Movement, this percentage of the United States populace has continued to be sidelined by the patriarchal notions of the past. Likewise, the consensus views of society concerning Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals and Transgendered individuals (GLBT), historically has been that of derision and malice, viewing those individuals of this community ...view middle of the document...
In fact the majority of individuals whom made a difference for colored persons were women. We remember the story of Rosa Parks, how she stood up against the Establishment. She was not only an African-American, but she was a woman. For Rosa Parks, and many other women, there is what is called the ‘matrix of domination”, and this is the effect of discrimination that stems from more than one source or reason. During the Suffragist Movement, it was thought that if women were granted the right to vote, then it would be possible to achieve other reforms, such as the completely emancipation and de-segregation of the various minorities of the United States. In 1869, the National Woman Suffrage Association was founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton with “the primary goal…to achieve voting rights for women by means of a Congressional amendment to the Constitution” (Imbornoni, 2007, p. 1). Finally, in 1919, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was passed, and women had a say in politics. There were many who still opposed this concept, especially those in the South who still held on to their right to own and sell slaves, and those who held interest in liquor sales.
During the 1960s, with the antiwar movement and civil rights movement, no one seemed to care or advocate women’s rights. Within the homes, women became increasingly restless. Something was missing from their lives. This is when the gender roles which had prevailed in America since its founding began to be reexamined. The traits of both genders lie within every individual and are disconnected with the individual’s sexual identity. If you are male, you will have feminine traits and characteristics, and if you are female you will have masculine traits as well. Most of these have been stratified by our society and upbringing as appropriate to one’s sex. The common view of the role of women in society has been informed from Holy Scripture, and is disseminated throughout our society on all levels. One scripture states “A man…is the image and glory of God; but woman is the glory of man” (1 Corinthians 11:7). As such “Wives, be subject to your husbands, as to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church…As the church is subject to Christ, so let wives also be subject in everything to their husbands” (Ephesians 5:22-24).
The characteristics of masculinity and femininity are greatly pronounced in our media today, where the personal vanity of women is exploited to sell a product. Many of us have seen the use of the female body to sell or advertise a car or the female musician wearing as little as possible to increase sales. In James Parks book, New Ways of Loving, he states: “The fashion industry reinforces regrettable ‘feminine’ traits: submissive…weak…fragile, artificial…flirtatious…sexually passive…” (Parks, 2007, p. 130). The belief that the ability of a person to perform a task depends on whether they are male or female. The more physical the...