Bureau of Agricultural Research
The Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) is one of the staff bureaus of the Department of Agriculture (DA) which was established to lead and coordinate the national agriculture and fisheries research and development (R&D) in the country. BAR is committed to consolidate, strengthen, and develop the agriculture and fisheries R&D system for the purpose of improving its effectiveness and efficiency by ensuring customer satisfaction and continuous improvement through work excellence, teamwork and networking, accountability and innovation.
To attain food security and reduce poverty through technology-based agriculture and fisheries sector
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Basic and Strategic Research
8. Human Resource Development Program
9. R&D Facilities Development Program
10. Knowledge Products and Services Program
11. Information Communication and Technology Program
12. Agriculture and Fisheries Research Policy & Advocacy
Brief History and Legal Basis
Legislative history of RDE in Agriculture and Fisheries
Under the US Government
In 1901, the United States Philippine Commission created the Insular Bureau of Agriculture under the Department of Interior. The Bureau was given the following mandate:
“to conduct investigations and disseminate useful information with reference to the agricultural resources of the Philippine Islands, the methods of cultivation at present in vogue and their improvement, the practicability of introducing new and valuable agricultural products, the introduction of new domesticated animals, and improvement of the breeds of domesticated animals now found in the Islands.”
In 1916, the Philippine Legislature reorganized the government creating the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources (DANR), replacing the Bureau of Agriculture.
In 1953, the Bureau of Agricultural Extension was created under the DANR.
Martial Law Years
In September 26, 1972, the first decree promulgated by then President Ferdinand E. Marcos was for the reorganization of the Executive Branch of the Government. For DANR, no major changes took place except for the further expansion of the Department.
Post EDSA Revolution
The first serious attempt to integrate research, development, and extension activities in agriculture and fisheries by the government was done by President Corazon C. Aquino in 1986 when under the Freedom Constitution she issued Executive Order 116 reorganizing the Ministry of Agriculture and Food.
Under this EO, the government addressed the lack of coordination and integration of agriculture research and development among the existing bureaus, councils, and agencies by creating s under the Research, Training, and Extension Group.
BAR’s specific mandate to coordinate agricultural research was affirmed by EO 292, otherwise known as the Administrative Code of 1987. BAR’s specific mandate is to:
“(1) ensure that all agricultural research is coordinated and undertaken for maximum utility to agriculture (Section 22).
BAR's Accomplishments (1987-2006)
• Assessment of R&D manpower and equipment in the DA
• Establish linkages and partnerships with other institutions
• Highlighted accomplishment: First BAR Conference in August 1987
• Putting in place the elements necessary for a properly functioning research system in the Department
• BAR as the secretariat of the DA's Research Advisory Committee
• Established the NAREA (with PCARRD and PCAMRD)
• Highlighted accomplishment: Srengthening linkages...