Notes for Nutrition
What is meant by nutrition?
Nutrition is the science of how foods affect the human body to promote health and prevent disease.
Six Classes of nutrients essential for health.
Carbohydrates, fats lipids, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.
What is the science of how foods affect the human body to promote health and prevent disease called?
What is the true statement about healthy lifestyles?
When focusing on a healthy lifestyle exercise and nutrition work together.
Recognize the key energy nutrients essential for health?
Anything that supply calories, fat, protein and carbs.
Which major classes of nutrients?
Fats, vitamins, proteins, minerals and ...view middle of the document...
Analyze the physiologic stimuli that trigger us to eat.
What is an example of a social cue?
Eating more chips and dip at a gathering than you would alone.
Where and how is pepsin activated?
Pepsin is secreted in the stomach mucosa and activated by HCI in the stomach
What digestive processes for NOT begin in the mouth?
Proteins are denatured by HCI. Hydrochloric acid (stomach)
What does not occur in the stomach?
Amino acid absorption
Where are pancreatic proteases active?
Which do not occur in the small intestine?
Activation of pepsin and mastication
What are two common triggers foods of GERD ?
Coffee and tomato
What is a clinical manifestation of GERD?
Chest or back pain when lying down after a meal of spaghetti and meatballs
What foods should lactose intolerance avoid?
What is safe for a sufferer of celiac disease? (Gluten)
Rice. They cannot have wheat rye or barley
What condition are generally considered to be controlled by diet?
Celiac, lactose, GERD
Session 2 Carbs, Fats and Proteins
Which is an example of a monosaccharide.
When more than two glucose monomers are chained together in a polysaccharide this is known specifically as starch.
When two glucose monomers are chained together in a disaccharide this is known as MALTOSE.
GLUCOSE +GLUCOSE = MALTOSE
Some people lack the necessary enzyme to digest a particular sugar, as a result when they consume milk products high in this sugar they have gastrointestinal upset. This sugar is called Lactose.
A DISACCHARIDE OF GLUCOSE AND GALACTOSE
What is true about recommendations for carbohydrates intake for adults
The AMDR states that about half the daily calories should be from carbs. AMDR is for CARBS, FATS, and PROTIENS
How much Fiber is recommended in a healthy diet? 14g per 1000kcals
What is true about dietary recommendations for whole grain intake?
Half of all grain products should be whole grain products.
Fructose- Monosaccharide also known as fruit sugar
Glucose- a building block of glycogen
What is false about added sugars?
Added sugars typically increase fiber content
Trans fats are found in partially hydrogenated oils. And are not saturated fats
Fat has an important concentrated source of energy.
Saturated fats stay solid at room temperature.
For ideal heart heath a person should strive for a diet that is lower in trans and saturated fats.
Dropdown menu questions. All words have the same menu of answers, each answer can be used once, more than once, or not at all. Answers include “are building blocks of steroid hormones contain nitrogen, contain only carbon hydrogen and oxygen typically contain trace minerals as structure components.
FATS- contain only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
Carbohydrate- contain only carbon, hydrogen
Protein- contain nitrogen
Cholesterol- contain building block of steroid hormones
Fatty fish such as mackerel and Tuna are high...