Handout # 8
Introduction to Phychology
Instructed By Ms. Ghazala Danish
Consciousness refers to your individual awareness of your unique thoughts, memories, feelings, sensations and environment. Your conscious experiences are constantly shifting and changing. It is prosperity of particular parts of the brain, not of the brain as a whole. The awareness of various cognitive processes and making decision.
For example, in one moment you may be focused on reading this article. Your consciousness may then shift to the memory of a conversation you had earlier with a co-worker. Next, you might notice how uncomfortable your chair is or maybe you are ...view middle of the document...
The third position is that people are indeed conscious, that this consciousness is produced by the activity of the human brain, and that there is every reason for us to the optimistic about our ability to understand this phenomenon.
Consciousness and the ability to communicate:
We can share knowledge with others by describing our past experiences. We can make plans with other people to accomplish tasks that are beyond the abilities at a single person. In other words, we can express our needs, thoughts perceptions, memories, intentions and feelings to other people. The fact that it can learn to tell you when it wants to eat, go for a walk.
The process that controls our awareness of particular categories of events in the environment is called selective attention. The process of selective attention determines which events we become of. Attention may be controlled automatically, as when an intense stimulus (such as loud sound) captures our attentions.
For example: when we are driving a car, we pay a special attention to other cars, pedestrians, sound sings and soon.
Attention plays an important role in memory, by existing control over the information that searchers short term memory; it determines what information ultimately becomes stored in explicit long term memory.
There are two types of selective attention,
* Auditory information
* Visual information
Control of consciousness:
Control consciousness is the awareness or experience of seeming to be in control of one's actions. In the sense that I use the term “control consciousness,” states of control consciousness can occur both when the appearance is accurate (one really is in control) and when it is inaccurate (one really is not in control).
Hypnosis can be defined as a special psychological state with certain physiological attributes, resembling sleep only superficially and marked by a functioning of the individual at a level of awareness other than the ordinary conscious state.
Hypnosis is normally preceded by a "hypnotic induction" technique. Traditionally, this was interpreted as a method of putting the subject into a "hypnotic trance"; however, subsequent "non state" theorists have viewed it differently, as a means of heightening client expectation, defining their role, focusing attention, etc. There is an enormous variety of different induction techniques used in hypnotism.
A subject under hypnosis experiences heightened suggestibility and focus accompanied by a sense of tranquility. It could be said that hypnotic suggestion is explicitly intended to make use of the placebo effect.
The hypnotized individual appears to heed only the communications of the hypnotist. He seems to respond in an uncritical, automatic fashion, ignoring all aspects of the environment other than those pointed out to him by the hypnotist. He sees, feels, smells, and otherwise perceives in accordance with the...