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Variations Essay

387 words - 2 pages

Tarea 5
Ejercicio de Variaciones
La compañía Maycot, S.A. fabrica albercas de plástico en su planta de Florida. La planta ha tenido problemas como se aprecia en su estado de resultados correspondiente a mayo: Presupuestado 450000 180000 20000 200000 250000 130000 84000 214000 36000 Real 450000 196290 20000 216290 233710 130000 84000 214000 19710

Ventas (15000 albercas) Menos gastos variables: Costo variable de bienes vendidos * Gastos variables de ventas Gastos totales variables Margen de utilidades Menos gastos fijos: Costos indirectos de manufactura De ventas y administrativos Gastos fijos ...view middle of the document...

Se le entregaron los siguientes costos estándar por alberca: Cantidad estándar Materiales directos Mano de obra directa Costos indirectos totales variables estándar Costo total estándar variable
* Con base en horas máquina.

Precio estándar $2 por libra $6/hr $3/hr

Costo estándar $6 4.8 1.2 $12

3 libras 0.8 horas 0.4 horas *

Karol determinó que durante mayo la planta produjo 15000 albercas e incurrió en los siguientes costos: a) Adquirió 60,000 libras de materiales a un costo de 1.95 por libra. No hubo materias primas en existencia al principio del mes. b) Usó 49,200 libras de materiales en producción (los productos terminados y las existencias de productos en proceso son insignificantes y pueden obviarse). c) Se trabajaron 11,800 de mano de obra directa a un costo de 7.00 por hora. d) Se incurrió en un costo total de costos indirectos variables de manufactura de 18,290 unidades monetarias en el mes. Se registró un total de 5900 horas-máquina. Es política de la empresa cerrar todas las variaciones al costo de productos vendidos en forma mensual.

Se requiere: Calcular las siguientes variaciones para el mes de mayo: Variaciones en el precio de los materiales directos y variaciones en la cantidad. Variaciones en la tasa de mano de obra directa y variaciones en la eficiencia. Variaciones en costos indirectos variables de manufactura y variaciones de eficiencia.

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