This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Treaty Of Westphalia Essay

766 words - 4 pages

The Thirty Year’s War in Europe lasted from 1618 until 1648, and consisted of four phases: The Bohemian phase from 1618 to 1625, the Danish phase 1625 to 1629, the Swedish phase 1630 to 1635, and the French phase 1635 to 1648. As the war went on Europe, so tired of the devastation, began crying for peace. Though the Spanish and French would fight another eleven years, until 1659, the Thirty Year’s War officially ended with the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 which changed not only borders on maps, it was also the death blow to the Counter Reformation, ushering in a new era of secularization.
Though peace talks began in 1644 in Munster and Osnabruck, the actual signing of the Treaty of ...view middle of the document...

Such an agreement would be impossible, and thus, the principle of self-government was ironically used to destroy the Empire as an effective political entity. While the rest of Europe rose under royal absolutism, Germany sank into fragmentation and localism.
The diplomats who assembled at Westphalia were of many nationalities and religions. They included “electors,” the most powerful provincial leaders of the Holy Roman Empire, the Spanish, Portuguese, French, Swedish, Dutch, Venetians, diplomats from other Italian states, and the Pope. No one at this council pretended that Europe had any real political or religious unity; rather they embraced their disunion as a sign of sovereignty, creating the modern system of sovereign states. This council also demonstrated the wave of secularization that had washed over Europe. In line with the Politique philosophy, people realized that order in the state was more important than religious difference. Thus, even though the Pope disagreed with the treaty and refused to sign it, no one truly cared. With the Treaty of Westphalia, the terms of the Peace of Augsburg were renewed, allowing each state to decide its religion, and Calvinism, Lutheranism...

Other assignments on Treaty Of Westphalia

The Thirty Years War Essay

2817 words - 12 pages Prague. Ferdinand regained control of Bohemia and the revolt was at an end. The opponent of Ferdinand II was beaten in the battle of the White Mountain, and fled the country as a fugitive. Here and there, the Protestant opposition continued, but divided without plan and with weak resources. July, 1620, each side agreed at Ulm, Treaty of Ulm, to respect the other’s neutrality in Germany without prejudice to whatever action it might choose to take

Mgt216 Essay

714 words - 3 pages released their product on the market. After G-BioSport ran test, it was determined that there were traces of a contaminant in the sample received. The quality control manager must identify a developmental solution to maintain the company’s reputation and identify the problem. G-BioSport had stumble upon a serious problem that required immediate attention. They had just discovered that there were traces of a contaminant in the sample they received

Economy Effect Of Marijuana

277 words - 2 pages , 100 Days Public Works Administration National Recovery Administration TVA-Tennessee Valley Authority Social Security World War Two Good Neighbor Policy Fascism: Hitler, Mussolini NAZI=National Socialists Lebensraum Invasion of Poland The Battle of Britain Pearl Harbor Bataan Death March Doolittle Raid on Tokyo D-Day The Holocaust Pacific: Island Hopping Rosie the Riveter Revenue Act of 1942 Balloon Bombs Rationing-Victory

The Vc Shakeout

2033 words - 9 pages restructured if it’s going to influence innovation—and make solid returns to investors. by Joseph Ghalbouni and Dominique Rouziès 83% 0% VC QUARTERLY RETURN RATES, 1981–2009 SOURCE CAMBRIDGE ASSOCIATES LLC U.S. VENTURE CAPITAL INDEX 2% T ILLUSTRATION: ANDREW BANNECKER he sky is falling on the venture capital rainmakers. Over the past 10 years their quarterly internal rate of return (IRR)—the primary measure of VC success—was dismal

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages contribute to all the wonderful things that hospitals do for people. The evolution of hospitals is one of the most interesting things (in my opinion) that history has to offer. Long before America was even in existence there were places of care located throughout all of the world and depending on where you lived determined how you would be treated. I am primarily going to focus on hospitals that began in America and how they got to be what they are

Course Syllabus

2610 words - 11 pages [pic] COURSE SYLLABUS Semester: Fall, Year: 2012  College Mission Statement Richard J. Daley College provides high-quality education which leads to academic success, career development, and personal enrichment that fulfill diverse community needs. Mathematics Department Mission Statement Our mission is to deliver excellent service and to provide learning opportunities by offering a wide range of mathematics courses, which will help our

Management

1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Assisted Suicide

1015 words - 5 pages , and Switzerland. In the Netherlands, voluntary euthanasia has been legal since 1983, with some 3,000 people requesting it each year. In Australia, assisted suicide was legalized in the Northern Territory with the backing of a substantial majority of the local population, but was then overthrown by the Federal Senate before anyone could actually use the new law. However, in Oregon and California, state legislation has been passed to allow for

Tanglewood Case 1

797 words - 4 pages Tanglewood’s staffing strategy requires the organization to make key decisions about the acquisition, deployment, and retention of the organization’s workforce. In order to accomplish this, Tanglewood’s must make thirteen decisions regarding its staffing levels and its staffing quality. One of the first decisions that Tanglewood needs to choose is to acquire or develop talent. Tanglewood should try to develop their current talent because one

Nnnnn

1391 words - 6 pages Есе по въпроса: Кои от всички „действащи” лица могат да се разглеждат като морално отговорни и в какво именно? по казуса Форд „Пинто” Корпоративните злодеяния са нанесли повече вреди на обществото от всички улични престъпления взети заедно. Според данни на ФБР сумата от уличните престъпления възлиза на $3.8 млрд. годишно, а загубите от корпоративните измами между $100 млрд. и $400 млрд. годишно

The Penis

1052 words - 5 pages then looks in his wallet to examine how much money he had spent or if he has any cocaine left or anything else, which could give him a clue of what he has been doing. He finds something strange inside his pocket. In his pocket he finds a penis, with balls, and pubic hair. This appears very incongruous to me, because I had not expected that he would find a penis in his pocket, maybe cocaine, which Hanif Kureishi had prepared the ground to. Alfie

Similar Documents

Uuihhk Hjkjh Essay

516 words - 3 pages Treaty of Westphalia Charles V Spanish Inquisition Louis XIV Versailles Catherine II balance of power Adam Smith VOC Ptolemaic universe Newton John Locke capitalism joint-stock companies putting-out system Copernican universe deism Discussion Questions Examine the centralizing

The Self Respect Of Nations Essay

962 words - 4 pages equality of nations. It’s a bit meaningless if one is talking about navies, but it has a basis in history and law, at least back to the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. China has been ascending up a steep ladder. Britain and then America, as they expanded, found ‘natural and historical’ rights to establish coaling stations that became colonies or extra-territorial enclaves. America found ‘friends’ to rent all over the world as cold war fever

I Don't Have One Essay

2129 words - 9 pages European powers established hegemony over the Indian Ocean trade during the 16th century? (A) Dutch (B) English (C) Spanish (D) Portuguese (E) French A dividing line drawn by the Pope to separate Portuguese and Spanish claims was established through the (A) Edict of Nantes (B) Treaty of Westphalia (C) Treaty of Tordesillas (D) Treaty of Paris (E

Napoleon And Europe Essay

4637 words - 19 pages nominally independent satellite states and formed a zone protecting the borders of the French Empire from attacks from countries such as Britain. These were ruled by Frenchmen who were usually close to Napoleon as a family member or as a close friend, such as Jerome Bonaparte who was King of Westphalia and Joachim Murat who was King of Naples. When discussing impact, the effects of Napoleon and his policies on factors such as economies, religion