Transcription Essay

315 words - 2 pages

Polypeptide synthesis- transcription and translation
Proteins are made up of polypeptides. Every organism needs to make their own proteins. The biochemical machinery in the cytoplasm of each cell has the capacity to make every protein from just 20 amino acids. The proteins it manufactures depend upon the instructions that are given by the DNA in the cell's nucleus. The process is that DNA provides the instructions in the form of a long sequence of ...view middle of the document...

The pre-mRNA is spliced to form mRNA. The mRNA is used as a template to which complementary tRNA molecules attach to and the amino acids they carry are linked to form a polypeptide, this is translation.
Transcription is the process of making pre-mRNA using part of the DNA as a template. The enzyme DNA helicase acts on a specific region of the DNA molecule to break the hydrogen bonds between the bases, causing the two strands to seperate and expose the nucleotide bases in that region. This causes the specific region called cistron to unwind. One of the strands is used as a template to make an mRNA copy.The enzyme RNA polymerase moves along one of the two DNA strands, known as the template strand causing the nucleotides on this strand to join with the individual complementary nucleotides from the pool which is present in the nucleus. Specific base pairing occurs so guanine joins with cytosine, cytosine joins with guanine, thymine joins to adenine and adenine joins with uracil. Only around 12 base pairs lon the DNA are exposed every time. When the RNA polymerase reaches a particular sequence of bases on the DNA that it recognises as a stop triplet code it detaches and the production of pre-mRNA is complete.

Other assignments on Transcription

Healthcare Stats - Data Quality Plan

1642 words - 7 pages for maximum reimbursement as well as insuring that all health records are properly diagnosed according to the ordered procedure. 2. Medical Transcription – which refers to the accurate and timely transcription of patient health information to make it accessible to authorized parties. 3. Medical Necessity – refers to the reasonable and necessary treatment, procedure or service of an illness. Most insurers including Medicare and Medicaid will

Mount Auburn Hospital : Physician Order Entry

519 words - 3 pages they can verify drug order with their unique code, minimizing the faulty drug identification issue. Currently the POE system is mainly addressing the transcription stage of treatment. With many other functionalities, there is a wider role the system can play in streamlining all processes. Measurement of outcome A key issue in implementation of POE is the lack of benchmarking the performance of system in reducing ADEs as one can’t measure errors that have been prevented by the new process. We summarize the implementation challenges and suggestions as follows

Maligant Melonomia

2505 words - 11 pages increases a person's risk because mutations in CDKN2A,CDK4 and several other genes have been found in melanoma-prone families. Patients with a history of one melanoma are at increased risk of developing a second primary tumor. One class of mutations affects the gene CDKN2A. An alternative reading frame mutation in this gene leads to the destabilization of tumor protein 53, a transcription factor involved in apoptosis and in fifty percent of human

Computer - Assisted Coding

2639 words - 11 pages driven approach because the coding ability of the software is based on a group of statistics. The software predicts the appropriate code that should be assigned to a given word or phrase based on the statistics that indicates the assigned code to these words/phrases in CAC’s corpus of data. Currently, NLP is starting to become prevalent in specific clinical settings. It is most effective when transcription system interfaces is available and the

Pg Mm

717 words - 3 pages identified a single base change from the WT sequence. Depending on where this change occurs in the MSc gene, what effect – if any – would it have on the GLA rats’ ability to metabolise Pharmaco? [ 14 marks ] (b) Further investigation shows the base change in the MSc gene of GLA rats occurs in the promoter region and is likely to prevent the gene’s transcription in the liver. Briefly describe the methods that could be used to show the

Ptc Genotype Determination Basing On Dna Samples

2373 words - 10 pages of cells may be obtained, meaning purer cells. Cell Lysis Solution as it can be understood from the name of the compound was used in order to disrupt cell membranes in order to form crude extract, and temperature was increased to 65 C to speed the rate of breaking down of the cellular membrane components. RNase solution was used in order to stop transcription of RNA from DNA. One can ask why we should stop the transcription. Answer to this

Segi

2344 words - 10 pages and so on. Example 4: Every industry and every field now days use software. Same goes to medical field; medical field also uses software such as Enhilex Medical Transcription Software, Medical Billing Software (Medisoft). This will help to manage easily the patient names, doctor names, medications, medical abbreviations and lab names. There will be word list and the folder lists are sorted automatically for you while you're typing, thus we

Measurement Of Ip3 In Cultured Cells

1157 words - 5 pages certain transcription factors and enzymes, thereby facilitating or inhibiting them.(smyth et.al,1985). IP3 is released into the cytosol where it binds specific receptors in the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) which causes stored calcium to be released. METHODS To carry out this experiment, two stock solutions of 10mM histamine one containing 2mM of CaCl2 ad the other 0.1M of EGTA. Using serial dilutions of 1 in 10 to make up

A Qualitative Analysis Of Healthcare Experiences

1600 words - 7 pages these individuals all basically had the same economic level. Methodology This focus group was used as a convenient non-probability sample, using an exploratory, qualitative research design to collect perspectives on healthcare services which involved data collection through discussion and transcription. Results Healthcare Experiences The themes and sub-themes within the focus group were discovered using an open and axial coding process

North Frisian As An Endangered Language

3690 words - 15 pages academic programs, transcription of manuscripts, dictionaries, and literature, and extensive assistance from existing native speakers, which intends to maintain an active interest in and use of the language. A language becomes endangered when its speakers no longer pass it onto the next generation. If there are no more native speakers, the language then becomes known as a “dead language.” A language only becomes extinct when there are no

Traditional Knowledge

3886 words - 16 pages traditional terminology into modern terminology, for example Kumari (local name) to Aloe barbadensis Mill., Masurika (Sanskrit name of a disease) to small pox etc. Examples of Ayurveda and Unani formulation 13. The example of one of the Ayurveda formulation and its transcription into five international languages in patent application format is given at Annex.1 and an example of Unani formulation is at Annex.2 III HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION INTO IPO

Similar Documents

Businees Essay

282 words - 2 pages variety of computer software applications such as database management, desktop publishing, and spreadsheets. Many virtual assistants complete training programs offered by community colleges, vocational and technical schools, or online colleges and universities. They learn website design, bookkeeping, transcription, computer technology, and project management. Many virtual assistants gain certification from the International Virtual Assistants Association (IVAA) such as the Certified Virtual Assistant or Ethics Checked Virtual Assistant. Virtual assistants must stay up to date with new technologies and they often complete continuing online education and training programs.

Activity In Science Essay

318 words - 2 pages your molecule together using a clear tape. Do not tape across base pairs. 5. Step 1, use the patterns of the components of the RNA provided by your teacher. Color code phosphate = blue, ribose sugar = brown and nitrogenous bases as follows: adenine = yellow, uracil = orange, guanine = violet and cytosine = red.6. Cut out the shapes of each nucleotide. 7. With your DNA model in front of you, demonstrate the process of transcription by first pulling

Dna Structure Essay

1743 words - 7 pages (It’s structure is composed of a loop and bases; it is pictured below. Transcription is the biosynthesis of RNA and is very similar to DNA replication because it follows the base pairing concept that DNA has. When one of DNA’s double helix strands is uncoiled, it is then used as the template for RNA polymerase enzyme to lead the synthesis of RNA. RNA is synthesized in the nucleus and then travels to the cytoplasm where it is then used in

Case Study

5077 words - 21 pages PCI, the POE system was only going to be available within the hospital. 7 Leape and Bates, pp. 35–43. 3 603-060 Mount Auburn Hospital: Physician Order Entry Table A Errors by Type of Adverse Drug Event (ADE) and Stage of Drug Ordering and Deliverya Physician Ordering No. (% of total at this stage) Transcription and Verification No. (%) 2 25 (5) (63) Pharmacy Dispensing No. (%) 4 21 (11) (55) Nurse Administration No. (%) 40