(CHUO KIKUU MZUMBE)
PRINCIPAL AND PRACTICE OF HUMAN RESOURCES
Course: MASTERS OF SCIENCE IN HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT.
Instructor: DR. MTEY
Name: ALLY MIRROW
(a) What contribution does training and development provide in the effort to improve performance?
(b) Why should managers prefer administering a training needs assessment before embarking on training as a solution to performance problems?
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Concept of Training and Development
2.0 Contribution of Training and Development
2.1 It helps to increase productivity of the employees
2.2 It helps in increasing the job ...view middle of the document...
It has been known by several names, including human resource development, and learning and development.
Rothwell and Sred (2000) describe training as “a short term learning intervention. It is intended to build an individual knowledge, skills and attitudes to meet present or future work requirement.”
According to Dubois and Rothwel et al, (2004) Training is a process whereby people acquire capabilities to aid in the achievement of organizational goals. Because this process is tied to a variety of organizational purposes, training can be viewed either narrowly or broadly. In a limited sense, training provides employees with specific, identifiable knowledge and skills for use on their present jobs. Sometimes a distinction is drawn between training and development, with development being broader in scope and focusing on individuals gaining new capabilities useful for both present and future jobs.
Training A process whereby people acquire capabilities to aid in the achievement of organizational goals. (Robert and John, 1999).
Generally, Training may be define as learning process in which people acquire knowledge, skills, experience and attitude that they need in order to perform their job better.
The field of training and development, also known as Human Resource Development (HRD), involves all of the purposeful activities directed at learning that contribute to desired change in individual, group, and organizational behavior. (Charles and Paik, 2006).
Training and development are essential to the effective use of an organization’s human resources and are an integral part of its human resources planning. Training is used to remedy immediate needs, while development is concerned with long-term objectives and the ability to cope with change. Training and development should be viewed as continuous processes. (Joan, 2004). In the process to improve performance training and development have the following contribution;
Training and Development helps in increasing the productivity of the employees that helps the organization further to achieve its long-term goal. Productivity is a function of labour’s efficiency, many employees especially in Africa have low productivity and this is because many industries in African countries are not believe in training their employees. Most of the industries tend to believe that Training is costing. Many countries especially in Europe and Asia put more emphasis on training their employees. One of the most progressive examples of investment in training technical and production workers is provided by Corning, Inc. Training took up 25 percent of total working time during the plant’s first year of operation heavy investments in training will be necessary for future strategies and competitive advantage.(Richard, 2004). That I to say in the effort to improve performance training and development increase the productivity of the employees.
Development of skills of employees Training and Development helps in...