Three Approaches That Will Help In Comparing Cultural Differences

2346 words - 10 pages

University of Lethbridge
Course: MGT 3650 – B (Introduction to International Business)
Instructor: Dr. Rehana Afaqi

Research Paper
Three Approaches That Will Help in Comparing Cultural Differences

By
Emmanuel Makoni, Sonia Jerin & Laren Michel
Due Date: November 6th 2014

Introduction: There are around 196 countries in the world and the cultures and values differ between the different countries. There are still similarities in some of the culture traits. In today’s world people are more willing to engage in global business and for this reason they need to be able to adapt to the different cultures. As the cultures vary from country to country, people around the world may ...view middle of the document...

This is because ‘no’ doesn’t necessarily mean ‘no’ in all situations. Therefore, others need to rely on the context in order to understand the exact meaning of ‘no’ (Peng 2012). Moreover, high-context communication involves the use of indirect, implicit, ambiguous words when speaking. In order to communicate successfully using high-context communication, listeners must infer the relevance of what the speaker said and listeners must also infer speakers’ intensions accurately to understand utterances correctly (William et. al 1996). On the other hand, speaking one’s mind and telling the truth in low-context communication requires that individuals be open with others. Openness involves revealing personal information about the self in communicative interactions, which is not the characteristic of high-context culture (William et. al 1996).
Hours of work for employees and leisure time also vary in high-context and low-context cultures. In low-context culture, the employees can work more comfortably and they have flexible times when it comes to work schedules. They usually have to work for 8 hours a day. Both men and women can work in the office and women can hold a senior post too. According to employees’ qualification and work experience, they get their position in the office. Gender is not considered a huge factor in obtaining a higher position. On the other hand, in high-context culture, employees always need to obey their boss and senior employees in the office. Moreover, junior employees of the office cannot come late in the office; they need to come as early as possible. However, boss can get into the office at any time they see fit. Compared to low-context cultures, employees of high-context cultures spend more hours in the office. They rarely get sufficient vacation time. People from high-context cultures often discriminate women in the working place. It is difficult for women to obtain senior positions in companies. For example, in Saudi Arabia, women cannot get the higher position in their professional life even though they are more qualified. They also need to cover their whole body when they go outside and society does not allow them to shake hands with male employees, due to their religious beliefs. Moreover, perceptions of work time were higher in high-context cultures such as Asia, Middle East and South America whereas perceptions of leisure/social time were higher in low-context cultures such as in North America, Western Europe (Manrai and Manrai 1995).
2. Cluster Approach: According to Peng (2012), the cluster approach identifies countries that have and share similar cultures together. There are three major systems of cultural clusters. The first set of cultural cluster is the Ronen and Shenkar. Management professors Simcha Ronen and Oded Shenkar proposed the Ronen and Shenkar cluster. In the Ronen and Shenkar there are eight classified clusters: Anglo, Arabic, Far Eastern, Germanic, Latin America, Latin Europe, Near Eastern and...

Other assignments on Three Approaches That Will Help In Comparing Cultural Differences

Diversity Management Essay

1446 words - 6 pages Diversity management Student’s name Lecturer’s name Institution Date Introduction One of the greatest tasks individuals face is communicating across differences resulting from different cultural diversity. There is always fear that exists that what an individual will intend to say will be understood in a way that they never meant it to be due to cultural differences in a team (Chauvet 2009, p. 221). My research team was

Effective Approach To Leadership And Management In Nursing

314 words - 2 pages idenify and promote nursing skills by setting framework to endeavor to gain Magnet status. This paper will focus in comparing and contrasting the expectations of the nursing managers and leaders approach that may be in regard to magnet status.

Cultural

256 words - 2 pages Cultural diversity refers to the differences in culture, especially when comparing minorities and majorities. In very culture, there are basic standards for social interaction such as personal space distance, eye contact and amount of body language displayed in public. Cultural diversity makes a place richer by making it more interesting to live. To provide culturally competent care for Ms. Li, it is important for the provider that is assessing

Cross Cultural Management

2003 words - 9 pages . It requires interacting in an appropriate way in multicultural situations coupled with the ability to have an open mind which admits new information and is curious about difference. This essentially aims at knowing oneself and the other person so that the differences can be elaborated rather than smoothed down. Cultural Intelligence consists of three dimensions that correspond to the classical division between emotion, understanding and action.

Mental Health Audit

5190 words - 21 pages /AA practices are performed on a less frequent basis than has been recommended by government policies. BENEFITS OF MANAGING DIVERSITY (Muller and Haase 1994) describe managing diversity in terms of a manager being aware of the values and biases of his/her conventional management approaches, their ability and willingness to use employee focused strategies that affirm peoples’ differences while maintaining a high quality of productivity

Convergence And Divergence Debate Over Ihrm Practices

1132 words - 5 pages essay will focus on the training and development practice in McDonald India, by starting with comparison about key factors of both approaches as will now be discussed. Comparing both approaches, there are several key factors that force MNCs to implement the convergence and divergence strategies in its global operation. In term of global efficiency or convergence, the driving forces/factors such as converging income across states, economies of scale

Management Principles

2605 words - 11 pages include ➢ First understand the determinants of culture ➢ Decide if the culture needs to be maintained or changed ➢ If the culture is to be maintained reinforce it with symbols, ceremonies, reward and modelling ➢ If it is to be changed be clear about how. External change agents may help Multicultural Organisation • Conduct a cultural analysis to identify cultural elements needing change • Make it clear to employees that the organisation’s

Strategic Management Quiz

1751 words - 8 pages and DO NOT assume that the questions below will be set directly as they are in the coming examination. Remember this – study the topic but never study the question. The questions below could be set differently but topics could be similar. Blank spaces are provided under each of the drafts so that you can add in your own research and examples. Good luck in your preparations. Note: these are brief points; use this word document to work with your

The Impact Of Cultural Capital On Advertisement

1331 words - 6 pages is the main tool of culture and communication. Languages ​​of different ethnic groups also showed different ways of thinking. It is this difference that has cultural differences, but it also constitutes an obstacle to advertising. However, in various languages, the same concept can be used to explain things or title meaning. Furthermore, it is this commonness for different cultures that provides a basis for communication. In the design of

Research

5182 words - 21 pages a school theater performance where the audience is made up of your neighbors, other parents, and arts patrons who don’t have children in that production but have come to experience that night’s show… • Our region will be considered a premier destination by cultural tourists… • Attending an arts or cultural event, knowing that all of our arts and cultural institutions are financially healthy and will continue to grow and thrive

Culture

826 words - 4 pages and religion. Unlike an object with physical properties like dimensions of size, weight, colour and texture, culture is difficult to quantify. Hence, comparing different cultures will require a set of common yardsticks with indices the magnitude of which are represented by numerical values. Amongst the many models advanced to allow for cultural comparisons and to provide us with a better understanding of cultural differences are those from Hofstede

Similar Documents

With Reference To Organisations Or Industries That You Know, To What Extend Do You Think That Recent Changes In The Uk Economy Will Have Inevitably Damaged The Long Term Profits Of Businesses That...

339 words - 2 pages With reference to organisations or industries that you know, to what extent do you think that recent changes in the UK economy will have inevitably damaged the long-term profits of businesses that operate in this country? Long-term profit is the amount of money a business makes (revenue minus costs) over a long term period. In this case it is referring to the profitability of a company and how much money it will be able to make in the future

Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere, Assess The Claim That Gender Differences In Educational Achievement Are Primarily The ‘Result Of Changes In Wider Society

1056 words - 5 pages to act a certain way in order to fit in with the other members of their sex, and can cause them to feel isolated and may lead to bullying, which in turn can lead to bad grades. On the other hand, many sociologists will argue that the differences in gender achievement are because of changes in the education system in which the way children are taught has become ‘feminised’ to appeal more to girls. The introduction of coursework and the increase

Introduction To Cross Cultural Psychology Essay

1502 words - 7 pages , prefers to compare various cultures against each other while discovering more about differences and similarities and their effect on humanity. Both disciplines clearly consider the aspects of culture; therefore, their starting points do not differ much. However, they also deviate from each other in that cultural psychology is mostly concerned with understanding the relationship one has with a culture, whereas cross-cultural psychology is mainly

Critically Compare And Contrast The Public Health Approach

975 words - 4 pages 3 1/… Introduction In my critical evaluation of the Community Psychology Approach and the Public Health Approaches to social problems, I will begin by explaining what each approach is about, then draw similarities and differences between the two approaches and then end my evaluation with a discussion on the controversies surrounding the two