Thesis Essay

7419 words - 30 pages

Student Involvement: A Developmental Theory for Higher Education
Alexander W. Astin A student development theory based on student involvement is presented and described, and the implications for practice and research are discussed. Even a casual reading of the extensive literature on student development in higher education can create confusion and perplexity. One finds not only that the problems being studied are highly diverse but also that investigators who claim to be studying the same problem frequently do not look at the same variables or employ the same methodologies. And even when they are investigating the same variables, different investigators may use completely different terms to ...view middle of the document...

Quite simply, student involvement refers to the amount of physical and psychological energy that the student devotes to the academic experience. Thus, a highly involved student is one who, for example, devotes considerable energy to studying, spends much time on campus, participates actively in student organizations, and interacts frequently with faculty members and other students. Conversely, a typical uninvolved student neglects studies, spends little time on campus, abstains from extracurricular activities, and has infrequent contact with faculty members or other students. These hypothetical examples are only intended to be illustrative; there are many other possible forms of involvement, which are discussed in detail below. In certain respects the concept of involvement closely resembles the Freudian concept of cathexis, which I learned about in my former career as a clinical psychologist. Freud believed that people invest psychological energy in objects and persons outside of themselves. In other words, people can cathect on their friends, families, schoolwork, and jobs. The involvement concept also resembles closely what the learning theorists have traditionally referred to as vigilance or time-on-task. The concept of effort, although much narrower, has much in common with the concept of involvement. To give a better sense of what I mean by the term involvement, I have listed below the results of several hours that I spent recently

Originally published July 1984. Alexander W. Astin, Graduate School of Education, University of California, Los Angeles. 518 Journal of College Student Development

Developmental Theory

looking in dictionaries and a thesaurus for words or phrases that capture some of the intended meaning. Because involvement is, to me, an active term, the list uses verb forms. attach oneself to commit oneself to devote oneself to engage in go in for incline toward join in partake of participate in plunge into show enthusiasm for tackle take a fancy to take an interest in take on take part in take to take up undertake Most of these terms are behavioral in meaning. I could have also included words and phrases that are more “interior” in nature, such as value, care for, stress, accentuate, and emphasize. But in the sense that I am using the term, involvement implies a behavioral component. I am not denying that motivation is an important aspect of involvement, but rather I am emphasizing that the behavioral aspects, in my judgment, are critical: It is not so much what the individual thinks or feels, but what the individual does, how he or she behaves, that defines and identifies involvement. At this stage in its development, the involvement theory has five basic postulates: 1. Involvement refers to the investment of physical and psychological energy in various objects. The objects may be highly generalized (the student experience) or highly specific (preparing for a chemistry

examination). 2. Regardless of its object,...

Other assignments on Thesis

Thesis Essay

494 words - 2 pages CONCATENATE function Show All ------------------------------------------------- Description The CONCATENATE function joins up to 255 text strings into one text string. The joined items can be text, numbers, cell references, or a combination of those items. For example, if your worksheet contains a person's first name in cell A1 and the person's last name in cell B1, you can combine the two values in another cell by using the following

Thesis Essay

4522 words - 19 pages Case Studies 1. SOLUTION TO STARTING RIGHT CASE, CH. 3, PAGE 110 This is a decision-making-under-uncertainty case. There are two events: a favorable market (event 1) and an unfavorable market (event 2). There are four alternatives, which include do nothing (alternative 1), invest in corporate bonds (alternative 2), invest in preferred stock (alternative 3), and invest in common stock (alternative 4). The decision table is presented. Note


444 words - 2 pages Research shows that women are negatively impacted by the media’s presentation of unattainable yet desirable portrayals of women’s bodies because it causes women to be discontented with their own bodies-often leading to body dysmorphic disorder, women focus on their perceptions of themselves comparatively to what they are exposed to through media instead of simply living healthfully as they try to copy what they see as desirable in the media and

Thesis Statement Outline

461 words - 2 pages Thesis Statement and Informal Outline Worksheet In this course, you will write a 1,050- to 1,400-word comprehensive Continuing Academic Success essay, due in Week 5. The Week 5 essay will help you apply what you learned in this course and take responsibility for your success in your education and your career. Please review the requirements for the Week 5 assignment to become familiar with the instructions. Starting this week, and in the

Implementation Thesis

1102 words - 5 pages THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION Modern life is associated with amenities and luxuries that people enjoy the convenience, this include appliances, personal; gadgetry, high rise condominiums, hotels recreation centers, furniture and fixtures. Mass production techniques and practices paved the way for availability of such goods that are affordable it manly, the advent of new materials like plastic and vinyl provided the

Syanad Thesis

1755 words - 8 pages A GLIMPSE OF THE HISTORY OF JOYLAND SCHOOL HISTORY OF JOYLAND SCHOOL INTRODUCTION The past four decades saw the move of districts and annual conferences in the United Methodist Church for establishment not only of Kindergarten but even Elementary, Secondary and Theological institution. We have the Union Theological Seminary and Wesley Divinity School for pastors education; Harris Memorial College initially for deaconess

Thesis On Study Habits Of Students In 1st And 2nd Year

428 words - 2 pages Related Literature on Study habits: It means you are not distracted by anything, you have a certain place to go where it is quiet everyday where you study and do homework. Basically it means that you are doing the best you can to get the grades you want. According to the PhD defended by lecturer Amaia Irazusta Astiazaran at the University of the Basque Country) analysing eating habits of the university students and their effect on the health of

Just Like A River

626 words - 3 pages despite their beliefs can relate to the complexities of all relationships when people are unable to be open and share their feelings a learned behavior from society, family, or religious beliefs. See if it this meets the requirement thus far. Instructions Below: Your introduction must be no more than one paragraph in length. It should indicate the theme(s) and thesis/theses of the book, and you should include your thesis statement at the end of


626 words - 3 pages Critical thinking, thesis thinking and field work Thesis Statements Tells the reader what you will attempt to do Tells the reader what you will argue in your paper Appears near the beginning of your paper Can be recalibrated as you advance Thesis statement will be carried throughout your paper Helps organize your thoughts Used in qualitative research Why do we need a thesis statement? It tells the reader what your conclusions are

The Effect Of The Students Allowance On Studies

497 words - 2 pages Writing Essays by Eleanor Wakefield There are several vital elements to any successful college essay. This handout will define those elements and show you how to put them together using an outline. Following this format will help you keep your thoughts organized and get your essay underway. Elements of an Essay Introduction: Usually an introduction starts broad and narrows down to your specific topic, ending in the thesis. This is your

Talambuhay Na Palahad

5926 words - 24 pages CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY Thesis Writing and ETD Submission Guidelines for CEU MA/MSc Theses and PhD Dissertations (Revised and adopted by the CEU Senate 7 December 2007) The thesis or dissertation is the single most important element of a research degree. It is a test of the student’s ability to undertake and complete a sustained piece of independent research and analysis, and to write up that research in a coherent form

Similar Documents

Thesis Essay 3482 Words

3482 words - 14 pages programming skills and weaknesses in coding and debugging. They will also learn new languages that could add to their current skills. Developing this system could also teach disciplines and could prepare the researchers for more upcoming thesis. Lastly, for the future researchers, the system will serve as a reference that could guide them throughout their research. This would also help them develop the current tutorial system in case they wanted

Thesis Writing Essay

2925 words - 12 pages ------------------------------------------------- Thesis Writing: A Guide for Students By Jennifer Swenson The Sparrow’s introduction to thesis writing is a clear-cut and comprehensive tool for those who are about to embark on one of the more difficult projects in all of academia. Thesis writing is not an art; rather, it is the product of many months of research and painstaking hard work. Whether you are writing a master’s thesis, a PhD

Thesis Essay 275 Words

275 words - 2 pages CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND A REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Introduction One of the goals of education is to develop students’ learning skills as well as analytical talent in any field of studies. The goal of helping students’ and the keen to acquire such knowledge and intelligent and the required skills may not have been acquired due to poor study habit and ineffective practical lesson among students. The learning habit and styles are

Thesis Essay 331 Words

331 words - 2 pages CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, computer games are now on the top list in the mind of teenagers. Online games can be easily get addicting because of the graphics that can catch the attention of the gamers. Online games can alter the way people spend their leisurely time positively or negatively depending on whether the players have enough self control or not. Being fully aware of the benefits