The use of Theme and Literary Elements
Literary devices are specific techniques and methods that authors use to convey an idea they are trying to tell the reader.When an author is writing,, they often try to give the reader certain ideas that would help them to understand the tale indirectly without giving away the idea or moral of the story. For example, the theme of isolation and loneliness. The theme of isolation is a very popular idea in many works of literature like Bartleby the Scrivener by Herman Melville, The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, A Rose for Emily by William Faulkner, and even Acquainted with the ...view middle of the document...
Faulkner gave the reader the feeling that the protagonist being talked about was most likely a sad and lonely woman, and he gave the reader this feeling by using the literary device flashback. The author tells the entire story in a flashback to try to give the reader a better understanding of what the overall idea of this story is about and to try to get the reader to understand why the protagonist is the way she is in the present. Faulkner also tends to use foreshadowing frequently to build suspense and to keep the reader guessing about how the story turns out: “The day after his death, all the ladies prepared to call at the house and offer condolence and aid, as is our custom. Miss Emily met them at the door, dressed as usual and with no trace of grief on her face. She told them that her father was not dead” (54-55 Faulkner). This foreshadowed the soon-to-be mental state of Emily; it gave the readers a hint that she was going to lock herself away because she obviously could not come to terms with the fact that someone of such great value and importance in her life was gone.
The story Bartleby the Scrivener is a story about intense and self-chosen isolation and solitude. The narrator was the head of a law firm, and he needed a new scrivener, and who else but Bartleby would happen to walk in: “In answer to my advertisement, a motionless young man one morning, stood upon my office threshold, the door being open...I can see that figure now—pallidly neat, pitiably respectable, incurably forlorn! It was Bartleby” (106 Melville). Melville foreshadows Bartleby's future loneliness at the firm with his word choice; words such as “forlorn” and “motionless” help the reader understand Bartleby’s character. For some reason unknown to the reader,...