This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Purpose Of Incarceration Essay

1143 words - 5 pages

There are five goals of incarceration, they are: punishment, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, and restitution. Seiter describes the goals as follows: Punishment is the infliction of pain or suffering. Deterrence is a goal focused on future actions (or the avoidance of certain actions) by both individuals and society. Incapacitation is a goal that reduces offenders’ ability of capacity to commit further crimes. Rehabilitation means to prepare them for a crime free and successful life. Restitution is making right by repaying society or victims for the wrongs done by offenders (Seiter, 2011, pg 17).
“The expectations that society has for the criminal justice system is to ...view middle of the document...

“Criminal rehabilitation can help to solve the problem of overcrowding in most prisons. The criminal population continues growing, as the death penalty has been abolished, and the state would need to spend more on facilities to house criminals. There are statistics showing that only 35 percent of inmates do not make their way back to prison upon their release. This leaves us with a large percentage of released criminals who do commit crimes and end up being repeat offenders. This poses a major difficulty to society as well as a strain. The government has to fork out huge sums to keep tabs on these possible repeat offenders as well as maintaining the prison systems. Needless to say, the possibility of releasing prisoners who might be repeat offenders is a threat to social safety.
However, the scenario does have a light at the end of the tunnel. There seems to be a good reason why some former inmates do not return to jail: it appears that their time in incarceration was spent productively, changing some vital aspect of their personality.
Education is one of the ways in which this positive change was affected. Education works in two levels to successfully rehabilitate the criminal. On a macro level, society as a whole is being educated to promote the importance of keeping the laws as well as ensuring that there is less discrimination against former criminals. This ensures that there propensity for ex-convicts to return to a life of crime is less, as they are able to secure jobs after their release. Education is also being offered within the prison to allow the prisoners to upgrade and stay relevant to the changing society outside the prison walls.”((
Some methods that can be used may include; improving an individual’s decision making skills, increasing their level of education, developing a vocational skill, or decreasing substance abuse (Seiter, 2011, pg.17). These programs try to build competencies in offenders that may help them to avoid criminality and less likely to commit further crimes (Seiter, 2011, pg. 17). Some of the programs are Drug Awareness, Parenting, Communication, Anger Management, Higher Education and more.
Success rates will vary, however, the odds are in favor of those offenders who are able to take advantage of the programs available. The American Correctional Association says, two recent National Institute of Justice studies of drug addiction treatment and rehabilitation programs for female inmates, KEY/ CREST2 and Forever Free,3 found that a much higher percentage of participants in these two programs remained drug-free and arrest-free...

Other assignments on The Purpose Of Incarceration

A Letter From Prosion Essay

3388 words - 14 pages PRELIMINARY STATEMENT Stephen Richards respectfully submits this Memorandum regarding his re-sentencing. The purpose of this submission is to highlight pertinent developments in the lives of Mr. Richards and his family members in the four years since the Court originally imposed a sentence of 84 months imprisonment. Mr. Richards has been incarcerated for 43 months. He has earned all available “good time” credit, which brings his

Minority Inmates In America Essay

3140 words - 13 pages higher. In the article One Hundred Years of Race and Crime by Paul Butler, he uses a statistic that was alarming. The black unemployment rate is twice what the white unemployment rate is. The black – white incarceration disparity is 7:1 P.Butler (2010). Since the War on drugs, crime has sextupled the penal population, and minorities are more likely to be arrested for drug related crimes with longer sentences than that of whites. This


1105 words - 5 pages Christine Venuti Themes in Modern History Prof. Matthew Shaughnessy November 9, 2012 Based on the history of prison labor in 20th century U.S. South, should local governments be allowed to privatize incarceration in their individual states? According to theologian James Crone and legal scholar Michelle Alexander, what are the socio-cultural ramifications of such actions? Back in the late 1800’s blacks were dehumanized and were made a

Probation System

1788 words - 8 pages combination of both retributive and rehabilitative theories, such as deter future and past criminals from doing a crime because the threat of incarceration looms, incapacitate the offender to stop the individual from possibly endangering others, punish the criminal by serving time and living a restricted lifestyle and rehabilitate them from release into society. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the probation success rate is 62

Prison Reform

1223 words - 5 pages -balanced ideal citizen? This is just one of many reasons why there needs to be prison reform. The following are some incarceration statistics gathered from Peace Review: The Journal of Social Justice from an essay called "Mass Culture and the American Taste for Prisons" written by Eleanor Novek. The journal states that during 2006 in the United States, there were over 2.25 million people were incarcerated, and there was another 4.8 million that

Human Services Assessment Needs

885 words - 4 pages mental illness. For adolescents, care might be provided to help them transition from depending on adults to independent living. Criminals that are apprehended and found guilty of crimes will most likely face incarceration. While incarcerated, they face issues of overcrowding, poor health care and potential violence in everyday life. Though these are very challenging circumstances, this is a natural consequence for the criminal; violate the law


385 words - 2 pages offense, prior criminal history, program participation, length of time served, institutional record, and community support or opposition. Truth in sentencing laws is to reduce the possibility of early release from incarceration of an inmate. It requires offenders to serve a good portion of the prison sentence given by the court before being eligible for release. Previous policies which reduced the amount of time an offender served on a sentence

Juvenile Crime

1123 words - 5 pages have a right to a public trial by jury.  For a juvenile charged with a crime, the trial portion of the case involves a judge hearing evidence and ruling on whether or not the minor is delinquent.  This is called an adjudication hearing. Once the juvenile has been deemed delinquent, the court will determine what action should be taken.  This stage differs from the adult system in the purpose of the action.  In the adult system, the goal is to

Jails And Prison Comparison

1067 words - 5 pages Jails and Prisons Comparison University of Phoenix CJA/234 Ms. Pamela Collinshill June 25, 2013 Introduction: For more than two hundred years the United States has used incarceration to punish any and all criminals. Jails and prisons are the institutions that judges send criminals to so they can serve time depending on the seriousness of the crime that the individual has committed. Being

Delinquency Deterrence

361 words - 2 pages their reward, and increasing their risks. Specific deterrence coincides with the general deterrence method. Specific deterrence focuses on the use of harsh punishments, such as extremely long incarceration terms in facilities that are unpleasant. In return, the experience juveniles are subjected to while incarcerated are suppose to outweigh any benefits delinquent behavior will bring; thereby, forcing the juvenile to not recidivate. Situational

Juvenile Reentry System

957 words - 4 pages wonder that nothing changes and I will likely end up back on the streets again within weeks or months of going home." (40) This was and interview in the article that was conducted with a young man whom discusses reasons that led to incarceration after release; and the factors that contributed to it. He discussed the solutions of re-entry programs and the goals that are put in place to prevent re-entry into jail. The programs start once the

Similar Documents

The Purpose Of A Living Will

369 words - 2 pages The Purpose of a Living Will What is a Living Will? A Living Will can also be described as an Advance Directive in medical terminology. You will often hear Advance Directive in the health care setting. A Living Will is an “end-of-life” document that states your preferences for your care. This document has the ability to speak and make clear of things when you are not able to speak of it yourself. According to Rebecca Berlin, it’s a legal

God's Purpose Revealed: Reconciliation & Unity In The Body Of Christ


P2 Describe The Different Stakeholders Who Influence The Purpose Of Two Contrasting Businesses

650 words - 3 pages P2 - Describe the different stakeholders who influence the purpose of two contrasting businesses. Introduction: In this task I will be going to describe how different stakeholders influence the purpose of Apple and McDonald. What is a stakeholder? A stakeholder is anyone who has a keen interest in that business. Who are the stakeholder in both businesses? The stakeholders in both businesses can be internal or external and this applies to

Competing Theories Essay

1428 words - 6 pages purpose of imprisonment, because “offenders are removed from further offending in the community, at least for the duration of their prison sentence” (Wood, Williams, and James, 2010, pg.1). Unlike the theory of retribution, incapacitation only requires that there be restraint, not punishment. The deterrence theory of corrections uses the example or threat of punishment to help convince people that criminal activity is not worth the