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The Ontological And Cosmological Arguments Essay

1076 words - 5 pages

The ontological and cosmological arguments
The ontological and cosmological arguments

Does God exists? Has been asking this question over and over, but there may not be an exact answer to this question. Over the time this topic has been disputing among the philosophers and the people who tried to answer it. . There are many questions and issues that are related to this question. Depending on the people if they are believers or not? Or what are the essences of a person religion? There is no specific answer to any of these questions and therefore one would ask. When people are asked about God existence, from their answers we can classify them in to two groups, the first group would be the ...view middle of the document...

Therefore God does exist. The third characteristic of Anselm argument is that even a fool who hears can understand that there must be a greater being that exist, which lead to God must exist. Anselm also argue that God existence is by a definition. In supporting his argument Anselm says that God existences is a necessity for which is God does not exist then there should be something that is greater, and since we cannot imagine something greater than God, then God existence is necessary in both realty and in mind.
The Cosmological Argument
In arguing whether God exist or not, we can explore The Cosmological argument presented by the second philosopher Saint Thomas Aquinas five proofs of the God existence. According to Aquinas, the five proofs are the prime mover, cause and effect, necessary existence, Gradation, and governance of the world. The first proof of god existence is that God is the prime mover. In supporting his point, Aquinas says that There exist real things that move and change state with time, Real things are incapable of change without some external action upon them by some agent, There exists a first change caused by an agent that was not itself a change, The first change required an agent therefore,  That agent must be God. The second proof is the cause and effect. Aquinas says that all real event and objects have a real cause for them which in turn have a preceding causes. This chain of actions lead to one effect has a causes which is not an effect of any preceding cause but it is the creation and God caused the creation. The third proof is the necessary existence. In arguing in the necessary existence, Aquinas argue that everything in this world has the possibility of existence and there should be a time where nothing existed, but nothing comes of nothing which means that there should be something whose existence is necessary and that something is God. The forth proof which is taken form gradation. Aquinas says that for every gradation there should be a source, and since we can conceive gradation, therefore there should be a source to this gradation of perfection and that source is God. The last proof of God existence for Aquinas is governance of the...

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