This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Four Goals Of Psychology Essay

512 words - 3 pages

The Four Goals of Psychology

The Four Goals of Psychology
Ariel Mendoza
Grand Canyon University: General Psychology
January 18th, 2012

Psychology is the study of human behavior and mental processes, not only what we do but why. Our thoughts, memories, emotions, perceptions, all fall under this category. It is the study of what makes us, us. There are ultimately four goals in psychology. Describe, explain, predict, and control.
Describe, is when you observe. You look, watch, and listen so that you are able to identify and classify mental processes and behaviors as precise as possible. Ivan Pavlov was a physiologist studying digestive processes on his dogs when he came up with the concept of classical conditioning. Using the first goal of psychology, he observed that when his ...view middle of the document...

It was after what he explained that he could be able to predict what would happen if he changed their introduction to the food being presented. Pavlov wanted to change the conditioned response to a previously neutral one. The food was the unconditioned stimulus and the sound of a metronome was the neutral stimulus. The canines’ would be exposed to the ticking sound of the metronome for some time until the food was immediately brought out.
After several trials, Pavlov noticed the dogs began to salivate at the sound of the metronome. "A stimulus which was neutral in and of itself had been superimposed upon the action of the inborn alimentary reflex," Pavlov wrote of the results. "We observed that, after several repetitions of the combined stimulation, the sounds of the metronome had acquired the property of stimulating salivary secretion" (26). The metronome was the neutral stimulus and formed into the conditioned stimulus which began the conditioned response, the salivation.
The four goals help to aid humanity to a better understanding of ourselves. We learn from history and by taking the time to follow these four goals, we can learn why we have such odd behaviors, why people turn into serial killers, how mental diseases are formed. There are numerous studies out there right now, on our minds and behaviors that have helped in some form.

References
• Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936). (2003, April 14). Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936). Retrieved January 19, 2012, from http://www.ivanpavlov.com/
• Girogian, NA: Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich. In The Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Charles Schribner's Sons, New York, Vol 10, pp. 431-6, 1974.
• Kozulin, Alex. Personalities and Reflexes: The Legacies of Ivan Pavlov and Vladimir Bekterev. In Psychology in Utopia: Toward a Social History of Soviet Psychology. MIT press, Cambridge, pp. 40-61, 1984.

Other assignments on The Four Goals Of Psychology

Psychology Essay

960 words - 4 pages biological. The main goals and objectives of developmental psychology are to explain, describe and optimize human development. While describing human development, it is crucial to focus both on individual variations in change patterns and typical patterns of change. Typical change patterns are perceived as the cumulative and continual process. It is however crucial to note that people can possibly change if certain aspects of their life change too

Psychology Essay

961 words - 4 pages Psychology is a huge topic and conveying the depth and breadth of the subject can be difficult. As a result, a number of different fields of psychology have emerged to deal with specific subtopics within the study of the mind, brain and behavior. Most general and introductory psychology courses cover many of these fields of psychology. As you delve deeper into the subject, you’ll soon find courses offered in each individual area. Each field of

Comparison And Contrast Of Division 13 And 14 Apa

834 words - 4 pages Comparison and Contrast of Division 13 and Division 14 Comparison and Contrast of Division 13 and Division 14 The current American Psychological Association (APA) was founded in 1892. The organization’s main priority was and continues to be the advancement of Psychology as a science. ("Society For Industrial & Organizational Psychology, Inc.", 2012). The history of the APA Division 13 indicates that this organization was initially

Dfsgdewet

657 words - 3 pages extremely rewarding and my enthusiasm provided not only myself with confidence but also provided the children for whom I was caring for with confidence. I worked with children of a variety of ages across a broad range of learning and behavioural needs. A lot of the children I worked with had autism, which I had studied in psychology and found it to be really fascinating. Working with these disadvantaged children was certainly rewarding. The

Introduction To Cross-Cultural Psychology

1502 words - 7 pages Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology University of Phoenix Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology Culture plays an important part in one’s life as it relates to the field of psychology. Culture enables one to define him or herself and differ from one to another, and helps one survive. Culture facilitates self-expression, through language

History Of Psychology

924 words - 4 pages History of Psychology University of Phoenix Psy 310 Interest in psychology is as old as the society, because man has always wanted to know people who surround him, to discover what do they think, how do they feel, and their intentions. In spite of that, psychology as an independent science is relatively young – it is old approximately 100 years. When discussing the origin and roots of psychology, it might be noted

Historical Perspectives Of Abnormal Psychology

988 words - 4 pages Social Psychology Ginger PSY/400 Social Psychology Our behavior is shaped by many influences, some external and some internal. Humans are social creatures meaning that cultural predispositions define our circumstances. Our attitudes and personalities play a significant role in shaping behavior as well, sometimes offsetting, and sometimes reinforcing social pressures. How we think influences our perceptions of the world

Improving Organizational Performance

1318 words - 6 pages key personnel have left the company. The combination of all of this has affected the employee job satisfaction levels. Employees are concerned about their salaries being lower than freelancers. They are also upset that their stunts are routine and would like to do and learn more thrilling stunts. Being concerned about her employees’ job satisfaction levels, Celsey has hired Dream Teamworks, an organizational psychology consulting firm, to help

Behavior Therapy Outline

4080 words - 17 pages , Bandura shows the comprehensive applications of his theory of self-efficacy to areas such as human development, psychology, psychiatry, education, medicine and health, athletics, business, social and political change, and international affairs. • Bandura has concentrated on four areas of research: (1) the power of psychological modeling in shaping thought, emotion, and action; (2) the mechanisms of human agency, or the ways people influence their

Beh 225 Heridity And Hormones

390 words - 2 pages hormones for different things, they produce hormones and they spread through the bloodstream. We have a thyroid gland that produces thyroxin, which is a primary hormone that helps regulate the body’s metabolism. We also have a pineal gland, which creates the hormone melatonin, and this hormone helps with sleep-wake cycles. The parathyroids are four tiny organs that control balance. The pancreas controls the level of sugar in the blood this is controlled

Examination Of Clinical Psychology

1079 words - 5 pages Examination of Clinical Psychology Steven Billingsley University of Phoenix PSY 480 Cindy Fouhy 02/01/14 Examination of Clinical Psychology Clinical psychology is an area of psychology which seeks to find and understand the various behavioral problems humans possess, and the possible psychological problems and disorders. “According to the APA, clinical psychology attempts to use the principles of psychology to better understand

Similar Documents

The Four Horsemen Of The Apocalypse

1504 words - 7 pages THREATS TO FUTURE STABILITY SECURITY AND PROSPERITY OF THE WORLD: THE MODERN EQUIVALENTS OF THE FOUR HORSEMEN OF THE APOCALYPSE INTRODUCTION 1. The end of the Cold War changed the world order and brought about several challenges for the international system. This occurrence, which was received with mixed feelings around the world, became the precursor of many challenges that we currently face as global citizens. The fall of communism and

A.) Aristotles Theory Of The Four Causes B.) “Aristotle’s Theory Of The Four Causes Is Convincing” Discuss

1432 words - 6 pages a.)  Aristotle’s Theory of The Four Causes. Aristotle argues for and explains the four causes in his books ‘Physics’ and ‘Metaphysics’. He claims that there are only four causes (or explanations) needed to give evidence for change in the world. A complete explanation of the change of any object will use all four causes. These causes are; material, formal, efficient and final. Aristotle understood that each of the four causes was necessary to

The Psychology Of An Entrepreneur's Decisions

1937 words - 8 pages Elgar. Hornaday, J., & Aboud, J. (1971). Psychology of entrepreneurial strategic decisions. In Entrepreneurial strategic decision-making a cognitive perspective. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Sexton, D., & Bowman, N. (1992). Psychology of entrepreneurial strategic decisions. In Entrepreneurial strategic decision-making a cognitive perspective. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Rotter, J. (1966). The role of cognitive complexity and

Pshco Essay

268 words - 2 pages The field and subfields of psychology are broad in scope and colossal in size. Four major areas of psychology are social psychology, counseling psychology, biological psychology/neuroscience, and cognitive psychology. Social psychology is the study of thoughts, behaviors, and feelings in the presence or imagined presence of others. Steinberg states that, “major causes of morbidity and mortality among American teenagers are self-inflicted