Sociological Research, vol. 50, no. 6, November–December 2011, pp. 17–31. © 2011 M.E. Sharpe, Inc. All rights reserved. ISSN 1061–0154/2011 $9.50 + 0.00. DOI 10.2753/SOR1061-0154500602
The Dynamics of Workers’ Values and Labor Motives (2003–2007)
Research on workers in Russia shows that attitudes toward work are strongly influenced by conditions in the workplace, and that this is the case for both males and females.
The dynamics of the core values of everyday activities and labor motives of Moscow workers in the 1990s , and changes in the basic life values and motives of workers in the period 1990–2003 , were the subject of studies the author conducted in ...view middle of the document...
Translated by Kim Braithwaite.
by the Independent Institute for Social Policy, are included in one type designated “Medium,” subtype A “Developed Zone,” and the groups “More urbanized regions of the Center, the Northwest, and the Volga Area” (see http://atlas.socpol.ru/typology/table_types.shtml). To a certain extent, the similarity of position makes it possible to eliminate the influence of any external factors. A target sample was used in both surveys. A poll was conducted of all workers on the job in their workplaces in one of the shops of the main production facility. The aggregate sample in all of the surveyed enterprises totaled 451 people in 2003 (198 males and 253 females); in 2007 the figure was 438 people (232 males and 206 females). A comparative analysis was carried out for working-age workers (males age eighteen to fifty-nine and females age eighteen to fifty-four). In both 2003 and 2007 the total number was 417 people. The objective of this article is to analyze the dynamics of the workers’ values and specific labor motives in their enterprise. The basic life values of workers were determined by their answers to the question “Which life values are most important to you at present?” Respondents were asked to select two or three options from the list or give their own answer. The structure of the respondents’ labor motives was studied by analyzing their answers to the question “Different people have different motives to work. What is very important to you personally, and what is not?” A five-point scale was used to rate the importance of each labor motive: 1—not important at all; 2—mostly unimportant; 3—somewhat important, somewhat unimportant; 4—mostly important; 5—very important. The scale was used to calculate an index that represents the arithmetic mean. The option “hard to say” was also taken into account. In 2003, the list that was presented to the respondents consisted of eleven labor motives; in 2007 the figure was sixteen. These motives also included items used in previous surveys conducted by the sector to study everyday activities and time budgeting of the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences; these surveys were carried out in industrial enterprises in the 1990s. In addition, they included questions about work values used in the World Values Survey (coordinated by Ronald Inglehart ) as well as in surveys focused on studying the population’s assessments and opinions concerning various aspects of their work activity; these were carried out in the context of the International Program for Comparative Research . For workers, the importance of their work in the enterprise continued to decline even during the country’s period of economic growth (see Table 1).
For all of the females who were surveyed it declined in 2003–7 in three enterprises; for males, its importance declined in two of the three enterprises. The proportion of...