12 December 2008
The Apartheid in South Africa
Imagine if you were denied a job because of your race. You could not go here or there whenever you wanted, or you were not allowed to receive healthcare, or were punished severely for what you thought was a petty crime. You would go to receive a marriage license but you would hear, “Sorry, interracial marriages aren’t allowed hear.” These were a few of the difficulties people of the nonwhite (black) population faced in South Africa during the apartheid.
The apartheid was an unyielding governmental procedure of segregation and discrimination of the nonwhite population for the country of South ...view middle of the document...
South Africa is located at the Southern tip of the African Continent. The country has an abundant amount of natural resources as well as rich and fertile farmlands (The History…). South African mines are the lead producers of diamonds, gold, exclusive minerals, and prestigious metals such as platinum (The History…). Much of the countries industries have been based around the land and its resources. Farming has mainly covered most of the countries own personal needs, while the major industry, mining, has been the most prevalent and most lucrative. Since the birth of the country, mining has been responsible for most of the South Africa’s gross domestic product (Structure…).
Originally South Africa was inhabited by various tribal kingdoms. The country of South Africa was first colonized by the Dutch in 1652, but was eventually taken over and colonized by the English (Apartheid in…).The evidence of diamonds and other valuable resources caused the English to take over the Dutch decedents, known as Afrikaners or Boers. As a result of the English immigration a war erupted between the Dutch decedents and the English immigrants. This was known as the Boer War which began in 1899 and ended in 1902 with the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging (The Boer…). From the war, the English prevailed and conquered the Boers. Years after the war, South Africa was able to gain their independence on May tenth 1910 (Southern African…). In 1914 J.G.H Hertzog founded the Afrikaner Nationalist Party, a predominantly white run party. At the time, there was also another reigning national party called the African National Congress which was founded by Pixely Ka Isaka Seme on January eighth, 1912. The African National Congress was a party which was mainly governed by nonwhites (Mzabalazo…). These two political parties held the governmental power until the 1940’s when finally the Afrikaner Nationalist Party took complete and total control. While the two national parties ran concomitantly, the government became a parliament with Louis Botha as the country’s first Prime Minister who had a term from 1910-1919, and was followed by Jan Christaan Smuts who served two terms from 1919-1924 and 1939-1948 (Bradford). In the 1940’s Afrikaner Nationalist Party seized governmental power, at this time they formed what was known as apartheid.
The apartheid made it so that the Afrikaner Nationalist Party could have complete and total control over the South African economy and all of its social system (The History…). Because the government had control over the social system, during the apartheid they developed a stern policy of segregation against individuals of the nonwhite population. The main goal of creating complete control over the social system was to insure the racial superiority, and favorable treatment, of the white population and to separate the three races into categories known as whites, nonwhites, and mixed (The History…). Because the Dutch and English colonized in South...