Narratives are works that provide an account of connected events. To put it simply, a narrative is
a story. There are many types of literature that are considered narratives, including novels,
dramas, fables, folk tales, short stories, and poetry. In addition to literature, narratives are found
in cinema, music, and theatre.
Narrative techniques provide deeper meaning for the reader and help the reader use
imagination to visualize situations. Narrative literary techniques are also known as literary
devices. Before we look too closely at narrative techniques, it's important to understand that
literary elements in narratives include such things as the setting, plot, ...view middle of the document...
Consider the metaphor, 'It's raining men.' Obviously, this does not mean it is literally raining
men, since that is impossible. It simply means that there are a lot of men present. Here you can
see an example of a simile: 'It was raining like cats and dogs.' Again, this does not literally mean
cats and dogs are coming from the sky; that is impossible. This is an expression that helps the
reader understand the rain is very powerful and forceful.
Imagery creates visuals for the reader that appeal to our senses and usually involves figurative
language: 'The bar was a dark, gloomy eyesore.' This statement appeals to our senses to help us
visualize and feel the negative aspects of this location.
Personification is seen when an inanimate object is given human or animal-like qualities, like,
'The stars danced in the sky.' We know stars cannot dance. This statement is an attempt to help
the reader have a better picture of how the stars appeared to move in a dancing fashion.
Hyperbole is an over-exaggeration to make a point. You might have heard someone say, 'My
purse weighs a ton.' We know this is not meant to be in the literal sense but is meant to help the
reader understand the excessive weight of the purse.
Alliteration is seen when the writer uses the same letters together in a sentence. Here is a classic
example: 'Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.' Some writers use alliteration to help
readers remember phrases or concepts, while some writers simply use this technique because it is