A unit of two or more people who interact and coordinates their work to accomplish a specific goal.
A small group of people with complementary skills, who work together to achieve a shared purpose and hold themselves mutually accountable for its accomplishment.
A team is a group of workers that functions as a unit, often with little or no supervision, to carry out organizational functions.
The process of people actively working together to accomplish common goals
Group Versus Team
Designated strong leader
Same purpose as ...view middle of the document...
Teams are created to knock down “walls” separating departments.
It contain two type
A group of employees from different department formed to deal with a specific activity and exist only until the tasks is completed
It is also called cross functional team.
formed to deal with a specific activity and once completed it is disbanded (disperse)
A long lasting some times permanent team in the organization structure created to deal with tasks that recur regularly.
Grievance committee handle employees grievance
Advantages of committee and task force
Allow organization member to exchange information
Develop new ideas and solution for problems
Assist in development of new practice and policies.
1.3 SPECIAL PURPOSE TEAM
A team created outside the formal organization to undertake a project of special importance or creativity.
McDonald create special team to create chicken nuggets.
Team is still part of formal organization and has its own reporting structure but member perceive themselves as a separate entity.
2.SELR DIRECTED TEAM
A team consisting of 5 to 20 multiskilled workers who rotate jobs to produce an entire product or service, often surprised by an elected worker.
Five to twenty multiskilled workers who rotate jobs to produce an entire product or service, often supervised by an elected member
Several skills and functions
Access to resources to perform task
Empowered to select new members, solve problems, spend money, monitor results, and plan for the future
WORK TEAM CHARACTERISTICS
Optimal team size depends on the number of people required to complete the work and the amount of coordination needed to work together.
Larger teams are typically less effective because members consume more time and effort coordinating their roles and resolving differences.
Ideal size is 7
5 to 12 associated with good team performance.
If increase in size may get interaction problems.
Show more agreement
Ask more questions
Exchange more opinions
Member get along with each other
Report greater satisfaction
Tend to be informal
Few demands on team leaders.
12 or more
Subgroups often form resulting in conflicts
Greater demands on leaders
More centralized decision making
Turnover and absenteeism higher
Less member satisfaction.
A role is the set of behaviors that people are expected to perform because they hold certain positions in a team and organization
Helps focus the team on its objectives.
Tries to maintain good working relations among team members.
Formally assigned to specific people.