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Task 1 Community Health Essay

3322 words - 14 pages

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
TASK 1: 
APPLICATION OF COMMUNITY HEALTH & POPULATION­FOCUSED 
NURSING 

 

 

 
 
A. Identification of Community 
The community that I have choose is Harrison County, Indiana. Harrison County 
is located far down in the southern part of the state of Indiana its border is followed and 
made up of the Ohio River on the east side. The ​Blue River​ runs along the county's 
western border. Six counties are adjacent to Harrison County. The county has a total area 
of 486.52 square miles, of which 484.52 square miles is land and 2.00 square miles is 
water ​(Harrison County, Indiana (IN), 2015)​.  
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 The 
average household income is 53,483 which was determined by 2010­2014 
American Community Survey 5­Year Estimate. 12.4% of households are at or 
below poverty level. When looking at racial/ethnic group percentage of 
percentage of poor, 11.9% whites are below poverty level, African Americans 
1.3%, Asian 19.4%, and Hispanic 28.3%. When looking at age under 18 years of 
age is at 15.5%, 18 to 64 years of age is 12.2%, and 65 and older is 8.5%. 
Population 16 and older unemployed is 8.6% (​American FactFinder ­ Community 
Facts)​. 
○ Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance 
such as Medicare in July 1, 2003 was 5,159. Population without health insurance 
coverage is 14% , and children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 
2000 was 7%​ ​(Harrison County, Indiana (IN), 2015)​.  
● Disaster Assessment and Planning 
○ Harrison County historical area­adjusted tornado activity is significantly below 
Indiana state average. It is 4383529.8 times below overall U.S. average. 
Tornadoes in this county have caused 2 fatalities and 16 injuries recorded between 
1950 and 2004. On 6/2/1990, a category 2 (max. wind speeds 113­157 mph) 
tornado injured 9 people and caused between $50,000 and $500,000 in damages. 

Harrison County­area historical earthquake activity is slightly above Indiana state 
average. It is 77% smaller than the overall U.S. average. The number of natural 
disasters in Harrison County is 15 which is greater than the US average of 12. 
There has been 12 major disasters (Presidential) declared and 3 Emergencies 
Declared ​(Harrison County, Indiana (IN), 2015)​. 
○ The Harrison Co health department describes many ways to prepare and assess for 
disasters. One including the the H5N1 strain of avian flu,  influenza virus, its 
milder cousins, SARS, Hepatitis and many others are just some of the illnesses 
that could affect the community. The Harrison County Health Department is 
developing plans to immunize or provide anti­viral medication to the population 
in the event of an epidemic that affects the health of the citizens of this 
community. They known the devastation of natural disaster and how the 
community is commonly affected by tornadoes, floods, winter storms, and 
extreme heat. The New Madrid and Wabash Valley faults are not too far away 
causing concern for earthquakes as well.  Flooding from the Ohio river in the past 
has caused many blockages in road slowing down or preventing transportation 
and closing down local companies. Responses to bioterrorism, HAZMAT 
incidents and natural disasters are coordinated with the Harrison County 
Emergency Management Agency, Harrison County Hospital EMS, local Fire 
Departments and the Harrison County Sheriff's Office (​Harrison County, Indiana, 
Health Department, 2015) ​. Hoosier Hills Pact is an emergency shelter for the 
county (​​Emergency Shelter List By County, 2008)​.  

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