APPLICATION OF COMMUNITY HEALTH & POPULATIONFOCUSED
A. Identification of Community
The community that I have choose is Harrison County, Indiana. Harrison County
is located far down in the southern part of the state of Indiana its border is followed and
made up of the Ohio River on the east side. The Blue River runs along the county's
western border. Six counties are adjacent to Harrison County. The county has a total area
of 486.52 square miles, of which 484.52 square miles is land and 2.00 square miles is
water (Harrison County, Indiana (IN), 2015).
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average household income is 53,483 which was determined by 20102014
American Community Survey 5Year Estimate. 12.4% of households are at or
below poverty level. When looking at racial/ethnic group percentage of
percentage of poor, 11.9% whites are below poverty level, African Americans
1.3%, Asian 19.4%, and Hispanic 28.3%. When looking at age under 18 years of
age is at 15.5%, 18 to 64 years of age is 12.2%, and 65 and older is 8.5%.
Population 16 and older unemployed is 8.6% (American FactFinder Community
○ Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance
such as Medicare in July 1, 2003 was 5,159. Population without health insurance
coverage is 14% , and children under 18 without health insurance coverage in
2000 was 7% (Harrison County, Indiana (IN), 2015).
● Disaster Assessment and Planning
○ Harrison County historical areaadjusted tornado activity is significantly below
Indiana state average. It is 4383529.8 times below overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused 2 fatalities and 16 injuries recorded between
1950 and 2004. On 6/2/1990, a category 2 (max. wind speeds 113157 mph)
tornado injured 9 people and caused between $50,000 and $500,000 in damages.
Harrison Countyarea historical earthquake activity is slightly above Indiana state
average. It is 77% smaller than the overall U.S. average. The number of natural
disasters in Harrison County is 15 which is greater than the US average of 12.
There has been 12 major disasters (Presidential) declared and 3 Emergencies
Declared (Harrison County, Indiana (IN), 2015).
○ The Harrison Co health department describes many ways to prepare and assess for
disasters. One including the the H5N1 strain of avian flu, influenza virus, its
milder cousins, SARS, Hepatitis and many others are just some of the illnesses
that could affect the community. The Harrison County Health Department is
developing plans to immunize or provide antiviral medication to the population
in the event of an epidemic that affects the health of the citizens of this
community. They known the devastation of natural disaster and how the
community is commonly affected by tornadoes, floods, winter storms, and
extreme heat. The New Madrid and Wabash Valley faults are not too far away
causing concern for earthquakes as well. Flooding from the Ohio river in the past
has caused many blockages in road slowing down or preventing transportation
and closing down local companies. Responses to bioterrorism, HAZMAT
incidents and natural disasters are coordinated with the Harrison County
Emergency Management Agency, Harrison County Hospital EMS, local Fire
Departments and the Harrison County Sheriff's Office (Harrison County, Indiana,
Health Department, 2015) . Hoosier Hills Pact is an emergency shelter for the
county (Emergency Shelter List By County, 2008).