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Surrealism Essay

1580 words - 7 pages


Appreciation of Art/Craft/Design



Everybody has concept about Surrealism. But not everybody knows, how and why it has got art movement, when an artist is part of a movement like Surrealism, I ask a question for myself "Did Surrealism enter to our century?", if yes - "How?". In this essay I’ll discuss about social, economic and political influences of the time when movement born, what influenced this movement and what subsequent influence did this movement have on others? Also I discussion about of one artist who made major contribution to Surrealism - Salvador Dali (1904 - 1989) and try discuss about his artwork "Metamorphosis of Narcissus".

Social, ...view middle of the document...

Fig 1. Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917

How I mentioned before Surrealism was officially born in 1924 in Paris, when the French writer André Breton, influenced the thoughts of Freud also published "Manifesto of Surrealism". The name was first created by writers, poets, and intellectuals in the movement who took the concept sur-realite, which translates as “beyond reality,” and applied it to their new view of the world around them. They were soon eagerly joined by others—painters, sculptors, photographers—who wanted to portray surrealism in their art and their pictures (McNeese, 2006, p.12). The surrealists constantly explored the world of dreams and created art that expressed the unique world of dreams. What techniques did the artists use: looked for images in everyday objects, share their creative ideas with each other, create art using all kinds of objects, from stones and old utensils to pictures.
Max Ernst combined painting and collage with three-dimensional objects to make surrealist compositions with fantastic scenes, such as his "Two Children Are Threatened by a Nightingale", 1924 [Fig 2.].

Fig 2. Max Ernst , Two Children Are Threatened by a Nightingale, 1924

The Surrealist period in Europe was one of depending political crisis, financial collapse and the rise of fascism [...] (Arnason, 2003). The most famous representatives of this art movement are: Joan Miró, René Magritte, Salvador Dali, Meret Oppenheim, Frida Kahlo and others.
Today there are many exhibitions of this art. This movement belonged to some of these museums: Museum of Modern Art, New York. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Fundació Gala—Salvador Dalí, Spain.
Pop art was a continuation of the surrealist attraction to everyday objects as art. [..] This movement saw everything from cereal boxes to advertisements to household furnishing as art. Dali’s lips sofa was a pop icon (Ross, 2003 p.116).

Salvador Dali

Salvador Dalí was born on May 11, 1904, in Figueres, Spain. Follow the surreal school of art. In 1920 he started to begin reading Froid and started to painting as visions. Some important works are: "The Persistence of Memory" in 1931 [Fig 3.], "Soft Construction with Boiled Beans" in 1936 [Fig 4.]. He switched to a classical style in 1940 and created works with primarily religious themes.

Fig 3. Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, 1931

Fig 4. Salvador Dali, Soft Construction with Boiled Beans , 1936

In January 1989, at age 84, Dali, the surrealist, deep thinker passed away, leaving behind an incredible legacy of art and ideas.

Salvador Dali. Metamorphosis of Narcissus

I would like to discuss about masterpiece of surrealism Metamorphosis of Narcissus [Fig 5.]. Painting was created in 1937 by oil on canvas by Salvador Dali. Presently, this painting is situated at the Tate Gallery, London . "According to Greek mythology, Narcissus fell in love...

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