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Stroop Essay

2139 words - 9 pages

The stroop effect can be reduced through stroop dilution and this is achieved through the use of neutral words. This paper focuses on a study undertaken on a sample where n = 30 and the participants were exposed to three tests, one test included testing time taken to read colour words which had the same colour as the word stated, the second test was to record the time taken to read words colour words that had different colours as the colour word stated and the third and final test was to test the time taken for the individual to read neutral words containing different colours.
The study was undertaken to determine whether there was a reduction in the stroop effect which was to be ...view middle of the document...

The importance of the Stroop effect in psychology can be viewed in the ability to manipulate or control the effect which can be used to improve the cognitive abilities of individual and increases the chances of good judgment and decisions in actual world scenarios.
Other scholars such as Cho, Lien, and Proctor (2006) found out that neutral words can reduce the Stroop effect, the use of neutral wards is what is referred to as stroop dilution, However Brown, Roos Gilbert and Carr (1995) reported that the reduction of the Stroop effect does not differ when words or symbols are used. Kahneman and Chajczyk (1983) on the other hand stated that showed that Stroop effect is reduced when the incongruent colour word and neutral words are placed to the side (flanks) of the colour patch. They noted that interference attributed to the Stroop effect required attention and that spreading the attention in more locations causes reduction of the Stroop effect.

In the study above the first and second task was to determine whether there was stroop effect in the tasks assigned, the first task involved a study that involved recording of time used in treading four words which were colour words and the second task involved reading words that were colour words but the font colour was different from the word meaning, the study through the hypothesis test showed that there was an increase in average time used to read out the words in task one, this increase shows the stroop effect.
The third task which involved reading out neutral words whose fonts had different colours was to check whether there was a reduction in the average time used to read out the words. From the hypothesis test it is clear that stroop dilution reduced the effect whereby the average time used to complete task two was greater than the average time used to complete task three.
From this reason therefore we can conclude that the stroop effect is the interference when undertaking a task, it also shows that the effect can be reduced by the use of neutral words also known as stroop dilution.
The test of the stroop effect shows that there is usually an interference in performing reading tasks especially colour font words, however from this study stroop dilution is a way which the stroop effect can be reduced, this was the main aim of the study to check the validity of the assumption that stroop dilution can reduce the stroop effect, from the hypothesis test it is clear that the mean for completing the final task was less.
The study comprised of 30 respondents who were briefed on the aims of the study and all the respondents completed the tasks successfully and data used for statistical analysis. However there is need to undertake another study which involves a larger or different sample in order to validate the theory. Further studies should also be aimed at determining what causes the stroop effect and other how other methods can be used to reduce the effect.
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