Stre Essay

2636 words - 11 pages

QUESTION: write an academic paper on the situation of street children in your area or town. In writing this academic paper the following must be considered.
1. Definition of streetism.
2. Types of streetism.
3. Causes of streetism on children in your area.
4. Effects of streetism on children in your area.
5. The role of teachers, schools, community and government in combating streetism in your area, town or Zambia

1. It must be typed.
2. Eight(8) pages inclusive of reference
3. Refer to six books or more
4. Due date: 14th September, 2012

Streetism is known to be one of the issues concerning society. ...view middle of the document...

However, they also engage themselves in some illicit activities to earn some livelihood.

Streetism is a term which is used to describe children who are forced to spend most of their time away from their homes, involving themselves in menial income generating activities so that they can survive. They often stay on the streets, struggling in order to find food shelter where they can sleep each night. This vice has been in existence for a long time now and is mainly common in major cities like Lusaka, Kabwe, Livingstone, Ndola, Kitwe to mention a few.

There are various types of street children. , opaque (1996) has categorized “street” children into three economic groups: children on the street, children of the street, and abandoned children.

Children on the street are those engaged in some kind of economic activity ranging from begging to vending of manufactured commodities of food. Most go home at the end of the day and contribute part of their earnings for the economic survival of the family unit. They may be attending school and retain a sense of belonging to a family or household. Because of the economic fragility of their families, these children may eventually opt for a permanent life on the streets. These children their many causes of being found on the streets is economic reasons. They are found on the streets in order to find something which can add to the food basket at home. They are mainly found or come from poor families, children headed home, and single parent headed home. According to UNICEF (1991) report, “ these children spend a significant amount of time on the streets and making the streets into a way of life due to economic constraints.” They belong to the category of urban poor children. They are usually termed as “partial dependent street children.”

Children of the street actually live on the street. Family ties may exist but are tenuous and maintained only casually or occasionally. Their ties to household and families is accidental and at best tenuous. Most of these children have no permanent residence and move from place to place and from town to town. These children have turned the streets into their permanent homes. They live and sleep on the streets. They may have parents or guardians, or they may be orphans. They have a home where they come from but don’t go back home to sleep. They sleep on the streets and work on the streets. Their activity is begging even though they may engage themselves into minor part time jobs like car cleaning, and carrying bags. These are referred as “partial independent street children.” Many of them are have a life outside their homes or away from a responsible adult. For them the street is the significant point of reference in their existence.

Abandoned children are entirely without a home and have no contact whatsoever with
their families. Some of these are children abandoned at a very early age who have little or no knowledge of their families. There is therefore...

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