The Good, The Bad, The Ugly
July 19, 2014
Is it possible to reform the American immigration system or is this age old problem so embedded in our economy that it is not fixable? According to President Obama and many other Americans the current system is grossly failing. So we must act now and reform the immigration system with functional, realistic modifications that are achievable. In the latest attempt to mend this malfunctioning system the President has proposed a plan based on four common sense principals which would “build a smart, effective immigration system that continues efforts to secure our borders and cracks down on ...view middle of the document...
More than 21,000 Customs and Border Protection Officers, including 3,800 along Northern Border, manage the flow of people and goods at our ports of entry and crossings. Along with the increased ground coverage DHS now has unmanned aerial capabilities that cover the entire Southwest border, from California to Texas, providing critical aerial surveillance assistance to personnel on the ground. DHS has also completed 649 miles of fencing out of nearly 652 miles planned. And as a result of these new Constituent Policies fewer people are attempting to illegally cross our borders. Apprehensions decreased from nearly 724,000 in FY 2008 to approximately 340,000 in FY 2011, a 53 percent reduction, indicating that fewer people are attempting to illegally cross the border (The Whitehouse, 2014).
Along with this decrease in crossing rates has come a decline in crime rates in border communities including Nogales, Douglas, Yuma and other Arizona border towns. All have either remained flat or fallen in the past decade, even as drug-related violence has dramatically increased in Mexico. According to FBI Crime Index Statistics, the top four big cities in America with the lowest rates of violent crime are all in border states—San Diego, Phoenix, El Paso, and Austin. (Creating, 2013).
One policy modification that could have a positive impact would be a new guest worker program. In order to qualify under this plan, the workers must have a job offer and the employer must show that no Americans wanted the job, the worker or any dependents cannot receive any state or federal aid or assistance, undocumented workers who gained temporary-worker status would enjoy limited rights and protections of legal workers, they could also apply for green cards, which convey permanent residency and, potentially, citizenship and if citizenship was not obtained by the end of the term then the workers and the dependents must return to their home countries at the end of the term. Dependents of the temporary workers would be allowed in the country if the workers could prove they could support their family. Under these terms we would we be allowing productive immigration. Another modification that could have a positive result would be the assimilation worker program and in order to qualify for this program the immigrant have a 8 year path to obtaining green a card after paying back taxes, learning English, and completing American civics classes. This lengthy process would give undocumented immigrants a longer timeline to achieve citizenship (Immigration, 2013).
However under both of the above mentioned policy modifications there are unforeseen and or unpredictable risks. In some states legislation has been introduced that would allow children of illegal immigrants to receive free money for college. This type of modification to the current federal student aid system would have a negative economic effect in the short term and it would be an injustice to the...