Stock Exchange Essay

8645 words - 35 pages

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Contents

1. Over view of market ………………………………………. pg.03
Types of financial market
▪ Money market …………………………………… pg.04
▪ Capital market …………………………………… pg.04
Market infra structure
2. Stock exchange………………………………………………... pg.05
▪ Introduction…………………………………….. pg.06
▪ History………………………………………….. pg.06
▪ Securities……………………………………….. pg.07
▪ Types of operation……………………………… pg.08
▪ Trading process in S.E………………………….. pg.09
▪ Role of S.E……………………………………… pg.10
▪ Listing of securities in ...view middle of the document...

It provides short-term liquidity funding for the global financial system. The money market is where short-term obligations such as Treasury bills, commercial paper and bankers' acceptances are bought and sold.

➢ Capital Market:-

It is defined as a market in which money is provided for periods longer than a year as the raising of short-term funds takes place on other markets (e.g., the money market). The capital market includes the stock market (equity securities) and the bond market (debt).

Organization of markets:-

A market can be organized as
▪ an auction,
▪ a private electronic market,
▪ a commodity wholesale market,
▪ a shopping center,
▪ a complex institution such as a stock market,
▪ An informal discussion between two individuals.
Markets of varying types can spontaneously arise whenever a party has interest in a good or service that some other party can provide. Hence there can be a market for cigarettes in correctional facilities, another for chewing gum in a playground, and yet another for contracts for the future delivery of a commodity. There can be black markets, where a good is exchanged illegally and virtual markets, such as eBay, in which buyers and sellers do not physically interact during negotiation. There can also be markets for goods under a command economy despite pressure to repress them.

2. Stock exchange

1. Introduction:-
▪ A stock exchange, (formerly a securities exchange) is a corporation or mutual organization which provides "trading" facilities for stock brokers and traders, to trade stocks and other securities. Stock exchange is a highly organized market where securities are purchased and sold.

▪ A stock exchange is an organization of which the members are stock brokers. A stock exchange provides facilities for the trading of securities and other financial instruments. Usually facilities are also provided for the issue and redemption of securities as well as other capital events including the payment of income and dividends. The securities usually traded on a stock exchange include the shares issued by companies, unit trusts and other pooled investment products as well as corporate bonds and government bonds.

2. History of Stock Exchanges

In 11th century France the courtiers de change was concerned with managing and regulating the debts of agricultural communities on behalf of the banks. As these men also traded in debts, they could be called the first brokers.
Some stories suggest that the origins of the term "bourse" come from the Latin bursa meaning a bag because, in 13th century Bruges, the sign of a purse (or perhaps three purses), hung on the front of the house where merchants met. However, it is more likely that in the late 13th century commodity traders in Bruges gathered inside the house of a man called Van der Burse,...

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