This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Sports Psychology Essay

1369 words - 6 pages

In Psychology there are sever key relationships with the mentality of a performer a sporting performance. One important factor is anxiety.

Anxiety according to Weinberg and Gould is “a negative emotional state characterized by nervousness, worry, apprehension and associated w/ activation or arousal of the body” There are two parts to anxiety that cover both the thinking, known as cognitive anxiety and the physical effects known as somatic anxiety. Examples of cognitive anxiety include negative self-talk such as telling yourself that you aren’t good enough, an inability to concentrate on the task at hand and constantly performing well in training but are struggling to translate that ...view middle of the document...

Highly trait anxious people have more state anxiety in competition compared to others with low trait anxiety. This helps identifying people in competition. The sports anxiety scale (SAS) measures trait anxiety in the field. It is self-assessing and measures how the person feels typically. It gets completed away from competition. The SAS breaks down trait anxiety into 3 sections: Somatic, how much one sees their physical symptoms, the level of worry or self-doubt in the cognitive stage and the concentration disruption in how they can continue to concentrate during competition. Situational stress can be a factor in anxiety and there are 2 common sources: The importance of the event and the unknown surrounding the outcome of the event. A regular season game in basketball will not compare to the level of importance in a playoff game so more stress will be seen in the playoff game. Uncertainty in higher quantities will have more stress than more known outcomes. A final game with 2 even teams is harder to predict than a top team playing that of a lower league as the outcome can be better predicted. People can put stress on themselves by characterising a situation. This can bring out high trait anxiety or low self-esteem. High trait anxious players see competition as more threatening. Self-esteem can then be lowered and this brings down self-confidence.

The next factor to look at is confidence. Self-confidence can be defined as The belief that you can achieve or perform a desired behavior. Confidence can be constantly in an individual one minute and gone the next. It can be state driven or trait driven. Athletes commonly find that confidence varies during different performances. Confidence is elusive because the brain is designed to be. Neuroscience has found that we remember negative more deeply that positive ones. We pay more attention to criticism than praise. This is because we are designed to evolve to anticipate and defeat dangers. This protects us. This shows that dangers, pain and problems are what capture our attention. Confidence can be attacked by worry, fear, the unknown, anxiety and nerves. Failing can damage your sporting mentality also. Expectations of failing lead to it and lower self-image. Many sporting challenges are mentally prohibited until seen completed. In 1954 if was believed that no one could complete a mile in less than 4 minutes. A year after it was accomplished 12 others passed the under 4 minute mile. Once they believed it was possible they could do it. Amazing athletes like Michael Jordan take a shot, miss and say to themselves “I’ll hit the next one” This kind of thinking has led greatly to his success. Characteristics of good self-confidence include good body language, smiling and enjoyment, no worries and not blaming others for mistakes, staying calm, encouraging others, concentrating well and accepting ability. Threats to confidence can be problems at home, media attention,...

Other assignments on Sports Psychology

Optimism Essay

1162 words - 5 pages laughed at other children because of his defects. Thanks to his parents, they taught Nick using an optimism, positive attitude to face everything, and he did it. He has tried everything he could to experience a normal life, he plays sports, like swimming, surfing, diving, playing golf and so on. Furthermore, Nick graduated from Griffith University with double majors when was 21 years old. He also married a beautiful woman. Moreover, he has given

Consumer Behavior Essay

451 words - 2 pages group of consumers. 8. Popular Culture is the music, movies, sports, books, celebrities, and other forms of entertainment consumed by the mass market. This is a product as well as an inspiration to marketers. Marketers play a significant role in how we (as consumers) view the world and how we live in it. 9. Global Consumer Culture is a culture in which people around the world are united through their common devotion to brand name consumer goods

Psychoanalytic Personality

1151 words - 5 pages Psychoanalytic Personality Shannon A. Colon Lampley University Of Phoenix PSY/150 September 23, 2015 Dr. P. Edvard Pharel Psychology goes back ages ago; the three major psychologists are Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, and Carl Jung. All have different theories, but some parts of their theories are similar. All theories have the same concept of how one self can identify their own personality. The information that will be given in the

Write A Report Exploring Effective Coaching Behaviour

2531 words - 11 pages studies to evaluate aspects of elite psychological profiling to compete in sport. MacNamara et al. (2010) examined the PCDEs (psychological characteristics of developing excellence) evident in sports people and also crossed over to musicians where the dedication to achieve is considered to have a parallel psychology. Keegan et al. (2009) research was to explore the applicability of ‘motivational climate’ to early career athletes under the age of

Gender Socialization In American Educational Institutions

1212 words - 5 pages those in positions of educational authority than with their own parents. In the current educational systems, there is no regard for the internal feelings of a male or female on which gender they feel they should be or the personality that they want to develop. Children are grouped by gender in the classroom and segregated in activities based on their sex. Girls learn at an early age that they will be picked last for sports, that boys are


1146 words - 5 pages in order to get every child’s point of view of the conflicts going on in the center. Keeping all this mind a great activities that can be created to help the boys stay focus on them self’s would be to introduce a program created called “Get to know me”. This could be something for the center to do that involves activities such as, sports, to teach the boys about team work and working together. In addition to the sports, we also have family time

Behavior Therapy Outline

4080 words - 17 pages successfully treated using this approach. Behavioral procedures are used in the fields of developmental disabilities, mental illness, education and special education, community psychology, clinical psychology, rehabilitation, business, self-management, sports psychology, health-related behaviors, and gerontology. Historical Background • 1950’s and 1960’s o The behavioral approach had its origin in the 1950s and early 1960s, and it was a radical

Autism And Mental Retardation Check Point

793 words - 4 pages and mainstreaming? Normalization is the attempt to provide normal living conditions, flexible routines, and common developmental experiences, including opportunities for self-determination, sexual fulfillment, and economic freedom. Mainstreaming is to place them in regular classes with non-retarded students, play sports, work in areas where dangerous routine are absent. 10. What is your opinion about mainstreaming and normalization for

Women And Sexual Orientation

1478 words - 6 pages ability of a person to perform a task depends on whether they are male or female. The more physical the sport the greater chances that the athlete is male, “sports often reinforce the following regrettable ‘masculine’ traits: tough, combative, belligerent, violent…aggressive…and concerned about muscles and body-image” (Park, 2007, p. 129). These views have slowly been over-turned in part to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which was

Work-Life Balance

1133 words - 5 pages time and energy to keep fit and healthy or play sports. RECOMMENDATION Analysis of survey questionnaire, personal interviews, and professional literature leads to the following recommendations about the work and non-work activities: Indicators for Management 1. Implement flexible work arrangements in organization because the focus is on output and performance. 2. Provide a limited number of days of paid leave per year for

1 Organizational Behavior In Changing Times

5118 words - 21 pages . Demonstrate the value of objective knowledge and skill development in the study of organizational behavior. KEY TERMS CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCES THE FOLLOWING KEY TERMS: organizational behavior change challenge psychology sociology engineering anthropology management medicine task people structure formal organization informal organization Hawthorne studies total quality management (TQM) objective knowledge skill

Similar Documents

Psychology Essay

961 words - 4 pages at a wide range of social topics, including group behavior, social perception, leadership, nonverbal behavior, conformity, aggression and prejudice. It is important to note that social psychology is not just about looking at social influences. Social perception and social interaction are also vital to understanding social behavior. * Sports Psychology: Sports psychology is the study of how psychology influences sports, athletic performance

Psychology Essay

6732 words - 27 pages alcohol b) Why do people drink; Changing problem drinking c) Other drugs – types, misuse and abuse, treatment for drug abuse, preventing and controlling drug use 9 Book for study Brannon, L. & Feist, J. (2007). Introduction to Health Psychology. New Delhi: Wadsworth Thomson Learning. First Indian reprint 2007 Books for reference 1) Bam, B. P. (2008). Winning Habits: Techniques for Excellence in Sports. New Delhi: Pearson Power, Dorling

Introduction Essay

302 words - 2 pages Michael Cedeño June 1, 2015 Introduction Discussion My name is Michael Cedeño and I am 24 years young. I graduated St. Brendan High School in 2008 with a full scholarship to Florida International University. I graduated FIU in 2014 with a bachelor’s degree in Biology and Psychology. The original plan was to attend medical school immediately after graduating but I was always intrigued by the idea of obtaining an MBA. I also felt like I had a

Studying Essay

793 words - 4 pages more dangerous sports do this in order to prove to themselves or to others that they are brave. 2knowmysef is not a complicated medical website nor a boring online encyclopedia but rather a place where you will find simple, to the point and effective information that is backed by psychology and presented in a simple way that you can understand and apply. If you think that this is some kind of marketing hype then see what other visitors say about 2knowmyself. The Solid confidence program was launched by; the program will either help you become more confident or give you your money back.