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Sparta Essay

989 words - 4 pages

The Spartan country was ruled by two kings, the kings would lead the army in times of war. Even with the kings, they had five magistrates that were elected from high up families.Then they also had a council made up to create all of Sparta’s laws. This council was made up of the two kings and twenty-eight elders. The elders, all being of the age sixty or older, took the laws to an assembly made up of citizens for a vote. Although, when voting they to don’t discuss the law, nor do they alter what they had. They stated the law, and voted straight after. The only way to be qualified as a citizen of Sparta was to be a descendant of the original Doric invaders who settled and created the ...view middle of the document...

The non-citizens of Sparta were used as need-be to help serve in the war, they were also responsible to make several goods for the soldiers to use, such as, pottery, shoes, red cloaks, knives, and spears. They didn’t encourage trade, as Sparta was scared that contact with other city-states would lead to new ideas and weaken the Spartan government. Spartan money didn’t include coins, they used heavy iron bars instead. Reason for using the iron bars, is said to be, because it would make it more difficult to steal.
Spartans believed in religion and the gods like the majority of the ancient Greek states did. The primary god they worshiped was Zeus who was connected to all the Olympian gods in some way, and the Spartans followed the belief in the powerful Olympians. The belief in Sparta was as strong as any ancient Greek state. In many stories, it is reported that other Greek states mocked the Spartans praise of the gods, as Spartans believed the gods were to be obeyed and respected without question.
The Spartan education system was different for the boys and the girls. The boys left home at age seven and entered the public education system. The goal of the boys school was to produce a military machine composed of soldiers who were ‘obedient to command, capable of enduring hard times, and victories in battle.’ When reaching the age of eleven, the boys were moved up to the next level of their education where they were trained for the military. The girls also went to a school, where they learned to wrestle, fist fight, and handle a weapon. The Spartans did this, because they believed strong women produced strong babies. Also, if the need comes to defend the city while the men are away at war.
A Spartan family was quite different from that of other...

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