This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Scientific Investigation And Non Scientific Investigation Essay

1386 words - 6 pages

Law, K.Y.

School of Arts and Social Sciences
The Open University of Hong Kong

Abstract
The paper reviews the main difference between scientific investigation and non-scientific investigation and the change of the scientific principles from different approach.
In the first section of the text, the author describes the definitions of scientific investigation and non-scientific investigation and the different of both researches. Furthermore, Using the example to explain the difference between the two, so that a better understanding.
The second section of this study is to present three styles of scientific principles; it’s divided to positivist search, interpretive search and ...view middle of the document...

What are the differences between scientific and non-scientific approaches to knowledge? On the whole, science is a particular way of analyzing information with the goal of testing claims. What sets science in addition to other method of knowledge acquisition is the use of what is often known as the scientific method. Giving a true definition of the scientific method is difficult as there is little agreement in the scientific community as to what that definition is. Although the scientific community has been rude to agree on a clear definition, the scientific method is rooted in observation, experimentation, and knowledge acquisition through a process of objective reasoning and logic. One notable description of the scientific method comes from A. Aragon (Girth Control 2007, p. 9); he defines the scientific method as: “systematic process for acquiring new knowledge that uses the basic principle of deductive (and to a lesser extent inductive) reasoning. It’s considered the most rigorous way to elucidate cause and effect, as well as discover and analyze less direct relationships between agents and their associated phenomena.” If you asked a panel of scientists to define the scientific method you would receive a large array of answers, but I think most would agree on the basic concepts. The following is an excerpt from Why People Believe Weird Things (Shermer, 1997). “Through the scientific method, that may form the following generalizations: (1) hypothesis: A testable statement accounting for a set of observations. (2) Theory: A well-supported and well-tested hypothesis or set of hypotheses. (3) Fact: A conclusion confirmed to such an extent that it would be reasonable to OFFER provisional agreement.” When using the scientific method one of the main goals is objectivity. Proper use of the scientific method leads us to rationalism (Based on inconclusive intelligence, logic and evidence). Relying on science also helps us prevent dogmatism (acceptance to doctrine over rational and affable inquiry, or basing conclusion on authority rather than evidence). The non-scientific approach to knowledge includes informal kinds of thinking. This approach can be thought of as an everyday unsystematic uncritical way of thinking.
An example of scientific investigation and non-scientific investigation are designing advertisements, advertising organization use the scientific method expressly to improve the effectiveness of the ads they compose. Ads are models that operate consumer behavior, and they are designed with a great deal of scientific input. Each ad has many dimensions that need be measured in detail, such as what headline to use, what size type to use, whether to use pictures, and how large the ad should be. All these questions can be answered using the principles of model test and improvement. The above example approach the scientific investigation and the below example will show what is non-scientific investigation for the sample example. The...

Other assignments on Scientific Investigation And Non-Scientific Investigation

Is Management An Art Or Science

1726 words - 7 pages any type of organization whether it’s a profit or non-profit organization. For Eg ; Principle of unity of command 2. Experimentation & Observation – Scientific principles developed through scientific investigation & researching .E.g. the principle that earth goes round the sun has been scientifically proved. Management principles are developed through . They have been developed through experiments & practical experiences of large no. of

Public Administration Essay

3843 words - 16 pages men to machines. And it was the man-machine interface that was the primary, focus of Taylor's efforts. In addition, Taylor advanced the cause of systematic investigation by the precision of his measurements, which replaced the prior reliance on rules-of-thumb. Scientific Management was clearly a movement right for its time, and its impact is still evident, particularly in industrial engineering. Although limited in its perspective

Technology

251 words - 2 pages Technology (from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia[3]) is the collection of techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, etc. or it can be embedded in machines, computers, devices and factories, which can be operated by individuals without

Criminology

930 words - 4 pages Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and intended to assist in identifying law enforcement problems, especially with regard to: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. These studies provide a nationwide view of crime because they are based on statistics submitted by law enforcement agencies across the United States. When you look at what is stated it simply

Scie211 Phase 2 Lab Report

343 words - 2 pages files. Part I: Use the animated time progression of speciation to help you write up your lab report. Part II: Write a 1-page lab report using the following scientific method sections: • Purpose o State the purpose of the lab. • Introduction o This is an investigation of what is currently known about the question being asked. Use background information from credible references to write a short summary about concepts in

Scie211 Phase 2 Lab Report

350 words - 2 pages , post it in Submitted Assignment files. Part I: Use the animated time progression of speciation to help you write up your lab report. Part II: Write a 1-page lab report using the following scientific method sections: • Purpose o State the purpose of the lab. • Introduction o This is an investigation of what is currently known about the question being asked. Use background information from credible references to

Death Penalty For Juveniles

529 words - 3 pages age should all be considered before a juvenile is sentenced to death. In addition to a scientific investigation, a moral and ethical evaluation should be completed. Many of the adjudicated youth of today have no value for life. This is because they have never been taught the difference between right and wrong. An understanding of the principles of life is crucial to having respect for the value of life. Individuals have their opinion on what

Research Process And Terminology Paper

593 words - 3 pages concept. This process of Operationalization has now quantified (assigned numerical values to) a concept and converted it from an abstract, verbal entity to a measurable quantity or variable. Variable are concepts that have been operationalized or concepts that can vary or take on different values of a quantitative nature. They are the mortar and brick of scientific investigation. Theoretically, variables can be of a qualitative nature

Lab 1 Week1

898 words - 4 pages legal proceedings. 6. Why would someone use a hex editor in a forensic investigation? The reason someone would use a hex editor in a forensic investigation is if the suspect has deleted files and has overwritten them on his or her hard disk, you can always use a hex editor to view any data stored in (or deleted from) both files and disk sectors. A hex editor allows you to peek at the physical contents stored on a disk, regardless of the

Debate Paper

460 words - 2 pages . Facts Against Abortion The risk of a woman’s death from abortion is less than one in 100,000. Whereas, the risk of a woman dying from giving birth is 13.3 deaths per 100,000 pregnancies. Furthermore, a 1993 fertility investigation of 10,767 women by the Joint Royal College of General Practitioners and Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists found that women who had at least two abortions experienced the same future fertility as those who

Wto Negatrive Recrupssions

537 words - 3 pages welfare of Indian farmers who form over seventy percent of the nation’s population. Various theoretical solutions based on political leanings and financial considerations are offered by a wide spectra of Indian media, public and national intelligentia. However, a solution based on a sound and practical scientific approach has yet to be emerge. Underlying all the problems is the inability of the country to compete with the other nations in

Similar Documents

Frank And Lillian Gilbreth Scientific Management Studies

496 words - 2 pages Andrea Moore PSYC 320-001 January 19, 2012 Frank and Lillian Gilbreth Scientific Management Studies The Gilbreths studies were great contributions to not only scientific management, but to the modern world we live in today. They were innovative, and efficient in all aspects of life. Their values and ideals were influences by their unique and fulfilled lives, enriched with the responsibility of caring for twelve children. Certainly, Frank

An Investigation Of Japanese Corporate Culture, Its Trends And Changes

2143 words - 9 pages An Investigation of Japanese Corporate Culture, Its Trends And Changes Japanese Business & Culture bus 258.1 Table of Contents1.0 Introduction 2.0 Procedure 3.0 Findings 3.1 Changing social culture. 3.2 Business Culture in Japan 3.3 Why change is needed 3.4 What is Japan and her corporations doing to develop and change 4.0 Conclusion 5.0 Bibliography Japanese Business & CultureAn investigation Japanese corporate culture, its

Frederick Taylor’s ‘Scientific Management’ Was For A Different Time And A Different Place

2625 words - 11 pages Frederick Taylor’s ‘Scientific Management’ Was for a Different Time and a different Place “The principal object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with the maximum prosperity for each employee.” -Frederick Winslow Taylor Scientific Management was introduced by Frederick Taylor in the late 19th century. In this essay, I will address the question whether Scientific Management was

An Investigation Into Recruitment And Selection For Wisite Fire Fighting Equipment

2882 words - 12 pages Bachelor of Science Management Research Project Research title An investigation into recruitment and selection for Wisite fire-fighting equipment (China) Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………3 1.1-Selected Research Paper…………………………………………………….3 1.2 -Structure of the report……………………………………………………….3 2.0 -Summary of purpose, rationale, and related literature……………………..3 2.1 -The purpose/rationale of the