Chapter 13 Review Questions
1. On way is the influence that weather has on the dilution and on the dispersal of air pollutants, and how air pollution affect weather and climate.
2. Primary pollutants are emitted directly fron an identifiable source and pollute air immediately once emitted. Secondary pollutants are created in the atmosphere when primary pollutant mix.
3. A) Volatile organic compounds. B) Sulfur Dioxide. C) Carbon Monoxide. D) Nitrogen Oxides.
4. A) On-road Vehicles. B) Carbon Monoxide.
5. A mixture of “smoke” and fog, now it means any air pollution in general.
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13. Surface inversion rapid cooling is at the surface not the atmosphere, causing verticle temperature, inversion aloft between lower turbulent and subsiding warmer air.
14. It is surrounded by mountains so smog cant get out.
15. 100 times more acidic.
16. Realising air pollutants higher in the atmosphere with stronger winds, resulting in far distance traveled by pollution.
17. Damages to rain forest, destroying soil killing lake life.
Chapter 14 Review Questions.
1. Atmosphere, hydrosphere, solid Earth, biosphere, and crycsphere.
2. Sea floor sediments checking fossils of old life let scientist know what life was available and where due climate and it’s change, oxygen isotope analysis helps scientist to know glacial periods and when climates become cooler. ( three rings/ show the climate in the year which they where created.
3. These were once one large glacial ice age mass, that in time as they spread apart carried snowy mountais with them.
4. No because the plates move at a rate of millions of years.
5. They released plenty of sulfur dioxide gas, that formed dense clouds of tiny sulfuric-acid particles that reflect sunlight, making everything have a cooler mean temperature.
6. Orbital Eccentricity: the earth’s distance from the sun plays an important role in global climate changes on a time scale or thousands of years. When Orbit is more elliptical, the amount in radiation gained at closes to sun (p