Satiric and Comedic Devices--
1. Mockery--insulting or contemptuous action or speech
2. Malapropism--an act or habit of misusing words ridiculously, esp. by the confusion of words that are similar in sound. Ex. “make a cow” (from Banned Books article); "Oftentimes, we live in a processed world, you know, people focus on the process and not results."
(George W. Bush); "He is the very pineapple of politeness."
(Mrs. Malaprop in Richard Sheridan's The Rivals)
3. Pun--the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications, or the use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words. Ex. "Look deep into our ryes."
(slogan of Wigler's Bakery); "Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana."
4. Understatement—1. A disclosure or statement that is less than complete. 2. Restraint or lack of emphasis in ...view middle of the document...
8. Litote--Litote is a kind of understatement, where the speaker or writer uses a negative of a word ironically, to mean the opposite. EG: She's not the friendliest person I know. (= she's an unfriendly person)
9. Tautology-- two near-synonyms are placed consecutively or very close together for effect. Ex. “didactic, instructional” (from “Advice to Youth”) and “Beseechingly, urgingly…”
10. Slang--an informal nonstandard vocabulary composed typically of coinages, arbitrarily changed words, and extravagant, forced, or facetious figures of speech
11. synonyms wit, humor, irony, sarcasm, satire, repartee mean a mode of expression intended to arouse amusement.
a. wit suggests the power to evoke laughter by remarks showing verbal felicity or ingenuity and swift perception especially of the incongruous .
b. humor implies an ability to perceive the ludicrous, the comical, and the absurd in human life and to express these usually without bitterness .
c. irony applies to a manner of expression in which the intended meaning is the opposite of what is seemingly expressed .
d. sarcasm applies to expression frequently in the form of irony that is intended to cut or wound .
e. satire applies to writing that exposes or ridicules conduct, doctrines, or institutions either by direct criticism or more often through irony, parody, or caricature .
f. repartee implies the power of answering quickly, pointedly, or wittily .
12. Parody--a literary or musical work in which the style[pic] of an author or work is closely imitated for comic effect or in ridicule
13. Mondegreen—(newer device) Words that result from the mishearing or misinterpretation of a statement or song lyric.Ex. “Hold me closer Tony Danza” (from Hold me closer tiny dancer by Elton John); "I led the pigeons to the flag" (for "I pledge allegiance to the flag"); "the girl with colitis goes by" (for "the girl with kaleidoscope eyes," in "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds," by the Beatles.)