Sales Essay

1333 words - 6 pages

中华人民共和国企业所得税法实施条例
(草案)
 
第一章  总 则
第一条  根据《中华人民共和国企业所得税法》(以下简称企业所得税法)的规定,制定本条例。
第二条  企业所得税法第一条所称个人独资企业、合伙企业,是指依照中国法律、行政法规规定成立的个人独资企业、合伙企业。
第三条  企业所得税法第二条所称依法在中国境内成立的企业,包括依照中国法律、行政法规在中国境内成立的企业、事业单位、社会团体以及其他取得收入的组织。
企业所得税法第二条所称依照外国(地区)法律成立的企业,包括依照外国(地区)法律成立的企业和其他取得收入的组织。
第四条  企业所得税法第二条所称实际管理机构,是指对企业的生产经营、人员、账务、财产等实施实质性全面管理和控制的机构。
第五条  企业所得税法第二条第三款所称机构、场所,是指在中国境内从事生产经营活动的机构、场所,包括:
(一)管理机构、营业机构、办事机构;
(二)工厂、农场、开采自然资源的场所;
(三)提供劳务的场所;
(四)从事建筑、安装、装配、修理、勘探等工程作业的场所;
(五)其他从事生产经营活动的机构、场所。
非居民企业委托营业代理人在中国境内从事生产经营活动的,包括委托单位和个人经常代其签订合同,或者储存、交付货物等,该营业代理人视为非居民企业在中国境内设立的机构、场所。
第六条  ...view middle of the document...

5%的部分,准予扣除;超过部分,准予在以后纳税年度结转扣除。
第四十三条  企业发生的与生产经营活动有关的业务招待费,按照发生额的60%扣除,但最高不得超过当年销售(营业)收入的5‰。
第四十四条  企业每一纳税年度发生的符合条件的广告费和业务宣传费,除国务院财政、税务主管部门另有规定外,不超过当年销售(营业)收入15%的部分,准予扣除;超过部分,准予在以后纳税年度结转扣除。
第四十五条  企业依照法律、行政法规有关规定提取的用于环境保护、生态恢复等专项资金,准予扣除。上述专项资金提取后改变用途的,不得扣除。
第四十六条  企业参加财产保险,按照规定缴纳的保险费,准予扣除。
第四十七条  企业根据生产经营活动的需要租入固定资产支付的租赁费,按照以下方法扣除:
(一)以经营租赁方式租入固定资产发生的租赁费,按照租赁期限均匀扣除;
(二)以融资租赁方式租入固定资产发生的租赁费,按照规定构成融资租入固定资产价值的部分应当提取折旧费用,分期扣除。
第四十八条  企业发生的合理的劳动保护支出,准予扣除。
第四十九条  企业之间支付的管理费、企业内营业机构之间支付的租金和特许权使用费,以及非银行企业内营业机构之间支付的利息,不得扣除。
第五十条  非居民企业在中国境内设立的机构、场所,就其中国境外总机构发生的与本机构、场所生产经营有关的费用,能够提供总机构出具的费用汇集范围、定额、分配依据和方法等证明文件,并合理计算分摊的,准予扣除。
第五十一条  企业所得税法第九条所称公益性捐赠,是指企业通过公益性社会团体或者县级以上人民政府及其部门,用于《中华人民共和国公益事业捐赠法》规定的公益事业的捐赠。
第五十二条  本条例第五十一条所称公益性社会团体,是指同时符合下列条件的基金会、慈善组织等社会团体:
(一)依法登记,具有法人资格;
(二)以发展公益事业为宗旨,并不以营利为目的;
(三)全部资产及其增值为该法人所有;
(四)收益和营运结余主要用于设立目的的事业;
(五)终止后的剩余财产不归属任何个人或者营利组织;
(六)不经营与其设立目的无关的业务;
(七)有健全的财务会计制度;
(八)捐赠者不以任何形式参与社会团体财产的分配;
(九)国务院财政、税务主管部门会同民政主管部门等登记管理部门规定的其他条件。
第五十三条  企业发生的公益性捐赠支出,不超过年度利润总额12%的部分,准予扣除。
年度利润总额,是指企业按照国家统一会计制度的规定计算的年度会计利润。
第五十四条  企业所得税法第十条第(六)项所称赞助支出,是指企业发生的与生产经营活动无关的各种非广告性质支出。
第五十五条  企业所得税法第十条第(七)项所称未经核定的准备金支出,是指不符合国务院财政、税务主管部门规定的各项资产减值准备、风险准备等准备金支出。
第四节  资产的税务处理
第五十六条  企业的各项资产,包括固定资产、生物资产、无形资产、长期待摊费用、投资资产、存货等,以历史成本为计税基础。
前款所称历史成本,是指企业取得该项资产时实际发生的支出。
企业持有各项资产期间产生资产增值或者减值,除国务院财政、税务主管部门规定可以确认损益外,不得调整该资产的计税基础。
第五十七条  企业所得税法第十一条所称固定资产,是指企业为生产产品、提供劳务、出租或者经营管理而持有的、使用时间超过12个月的非货币性资产,包括房屋、建筑物、机器、机械、运输工具以及其他与生产经营活动有关的设备、器具、工具等。
第五十八条  固定资产按照以下方法确定计税基础:
(一)外购的固定资产,以购买价款和支付的相关税费为计税基础;
(二)自行建造的固定资产,以竣工结算前发生的支出为计税基础;
(三)融资租入的固定资产,以租赁合同约定的付款总额和承租人在签订租赁合同过程中发生的相关费用为计税基础,租赁合同未约定付款总额的,以该资产的公允价值和承租人在签订租赁合同过程中发生的相关费用为计税基础;
(四)盘盈的固定资产,以同类固定资产的重置完全价值为计税基础;
(五)通过捐赠、投资、非货币性资产交换、债务重组等方式取得的固定资产,以该资产的公允价值和支付的相关税费为计税基础;
(六)改建的固定资产,除企业所得税法第十三条第(一)项、第(二)项规定外,以改建过程中发生的改建支出增加计税基础。
第五十九条  固定资产按照直线法计算的折旧,准予扣除。
企业应当从固定资产使用月份的次月起计算折旧;停止使用的固定资产,应当从停止使用月份的次月起停止计算折旧。
企业应当根据固定资产的性质和使用情况,合理确定固定资产的预计净残值。固定资产的预计净残值一经确定,不得变更。

第六十条  除国务院财政、税务主管部门另有规定外,固定资产计算折旧的最低年限如下:
(一)房屋、建筑物,为20年;
(二)飞机、火车、轮船、机器、机械和其他生产设备,为10年;
(三)与生产经营活动有关的器具、工具、家具等,为5年;
(四)飞机、火车、轮船以外的运输工具,为4年;
(五)电子设备,为3年。
第六十一条  从事开采石油、天然气等矿产资源的企业,在开始商业性生产之前发生的费用和有关固定资产的折耗、折旧方法,由国务院财政、税务主管部门另行规定。
第六十二条  生产性生物资产按照以下方法确定计税基础:
(一)外购生产性生物资产,以购买价款和支付的相关税费为计税基础;
(二)通过捐赠、投资、非货币性资产交换、债务重组等方式取得的生产性生物资产,以该资产的公允价值和支付的相关税费为计税基础。
前款所称生产性生物资产,是指为生产农产品、提供劳务或者出租等目的持有的生物资产,包括经济林、薪炭林、产畜和役畜等。
第六十三条  生产性生物资产按照直线法计算的折旧,准予扣除。
企业应当从生产性生物资产投入使用月份的次月起计算折旧;停止使用的生产性生物资产,应当从停止使用月份的次月起停止计算折旧。
企业应当根据生产性生物资产的性质和使用情况,合理确定生产性生物资产的预计净残值。生产性生物资产的预计净残值一经确定,不得变更。
第六十四条  生产性生物资产计算折旧的最低年限如下:
(一)林木类生产性生物资产,为10年;
(二)畜类生产性生物资产,为3年。
第六十五条  企业所得税法第十二条所称无形资产,是指企业为生产产品、提供劳务、出租或者经营管理而持有的、没有实物形态的非货币性长期资产,包括专利权、商标权、著作权、土地使用权、非专利技术、商誉等。
第六十六条  无形资产按照以下方法确定计税基础:
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