1. Using the table below, explain the key areas in current legislation which relate to the safeguarding of children (1.1)
| Legislation | Description of the area |
1 | The Children Act 1989 | * a child’s welfare is paramount when making any decisions about a child’s upbringing. * It introduced the concept of parental responsibility * Local authorities are charged with the duty to investigate if there are suspicions a child suffers significant harm * The NSPCC is designated “authorised person status”. * defines “harm” as ill-treatment (including sexual abuse and non- physical forms of ill-treatment), or the impairment of health or development. * helps professionals in ...view middle of the document...
The activities very efficient for introducing the term ’personal space’. Children will learn that they need to stay in places where they are safe(home, school,etc) and they need to feel comfortable with their own personal space and say stop to anyone who would try to intrude. |
2 | Puppet play- My body is my own(2-4 years)-Role play | Sexual abuse is more and more likely to happened.It comes from the closest member of the family, sometimes and the most affected children are those who don’t communicate. Three-quarters (72%) of sexually abused children did not tell anyone about the abuse at the time. 27% told someone later. Around a third (31%) still had not told anyone about their experience(s) by early adulthood.This activity raises children’s awareness of sexual abuse in order to identify it and take action. It is fun and easy and lets younger children understand that they should never let anyone touch them in the way they do not like, not even their parents or carers, teachers etc. and they must tell if this happened and learn to say NO.It also enables children to think about what is a good touch and a bad touch.By means of puppet fingers, children visualise and learn more about what sexual abuse is, and are given the opportunity to talk and express their own feelings. |
3 | Active Game:House-Child Street | Every week in England and Wales at least one child is killed at the hands of another person. The violence , in their own homes or outside it, against children is a major problem.Children must learn to identify it and seek help.This activity is a very energetic one, a movement game, in an open space, in groups of threes, and it can be used to start discussion about violence in home.It is aimed for children aged 5-9 years old.They have to group three and should form a house and each house should host a child.Children change the house and the child when they hear the commends the adult gives.After the activity the children are asked to express their own opinions about how hey felt when they had a home, or when they couldn’t find a home, and then they should make connection with real life and what are the reasons children leave their homes and why. |
4 | Book reading(with illustration)-1-4 years | Young children, until the age of two, are most likely to be the victims of abuse and violence. Parents and carers must teach children to avoid strangers and not take thongs from them or go with them.Reading a book to young children and showing them images has a great impact for their imagination. Presented as a story- Emily and the stranger-children can hear the story of a little girl who deals with a stranger who...