Like any other profession, nursing is also built on certain important concepts. These concepts include ‘person, environment, health and nursing practice’. Combinations of all these concepts are known as metaparadigm of nursing.
American Nurses Association defines nursing as “the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities and populations”.
The first metaparadigm is the person and the American Nurses Association definition incorporates the importance of the patients ...view middle of the document...
Second concept is environment, and the definition of American Nurses Association is associated with the protection, promotion, and optimization of abilities, prevention of illness and injury, we need to provide a safe and comfortable environment for an individual to live in a healthy atmosphere. It is not necessary to be in the hospital, but it can be in their home or any other places. Health is the third concept and it is an important factor, when we put together with definition of American Nurses Association, health is not just the prevention of illness, but encouragement of wellness and ability, which means there should be quality of life, not just freedom from illness. “Health is dynamic and ever changing, not a stagnant state. No one is absolutely healthy or ill” (Masters, 2009, p. 75). Fourth metaparadigm is nursing and the whole definition of ANA incorporates with nursing. All these four concepts are correlated: “Nursing values have also been listed as caregiving, accountability, integrity, trust, freedom, safety, and knowledge” (Masters, 2009, p. 76).
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