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Revolutionary France Essay

1516 words - 7 pages

University of Phoenix Material

Week 5 Worksheet

As you read this week’s required materials, complete this worksheet. This is a multipage assignment; double-check that you completed each page before submitting.

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Fill in the blanks to complete the following sentences.

Revolutionary France

a. Burdened by debt from the Seven Years’ War and French support for the American Revolution, King Louis XVI needed to raise taxes, so he agreed to convene the Estates General, which met in 1789 at Versailles. Led by the Third Estates —those outside the aristocracy or church— a new national assembly was declared on June 17, ...view middle of the document...

e. In 1790, the National Constituent Assembly passed the Civil Constitution of the , which declared government control over the Church in France. They demanded that priests and bishops swear to support the Civil Constitution and declared those who refused to take the oath were and prohibited them from conducting religious ceremonies. These actions convinced the , in February of 1791, to denounce the Civil Constitution and the . The National Constituent Assembly replaced the traditional provinces with , founded uniform courts, and established the system of measurement.
f. The Constitution of 1791, adopted by the National Constituent Assembly, established a constitutional that limited many people, including all women, from voting. The new Legislative Assembly declared war on in 1792. The war initially went poorly, and revolutionaries grew more radical. On August 10, 1792, the people of Paris invaded the palace, forcing the king and queen to flee to the , which held them comfortably but did not allow them any political power.
g. During the second revolution, the new radical government of Paris, the executed hundreds of criminals, calling them counterrevolutionaries, during the Massacres. This government forced the Legislative Assembly to call the , charged with writing a democratic constitution. Its first action was to declare France a and to abolish the monarchy. The was led by a group of Jacobins called the , allied with the , workers, shopkeepers, and artisans of Paris who sought economic fairness and adequate food. In December 1792, the former king, Citizen , was tried, and he was executed on January 21, 1793. The following month, France declared war on Great Britain and Spain, and a royalist revolution began in the of western France. The working government proclaimed a new calendar, established a fully democratic on June 22, 1793, and attempted to eliminate the faith from their new Republic of Virtue.
h. During the Reign of Terror, great power was centralized in the Committee , and took control of this committee in 1793 and 1794. The committee was quick to those identified as enemies of the Republic. Tens of thousands of French people met this fate, until members of the Convention, worried that they would be identified as , had executed on July 28, 1794. Subsequently, in the Reaction, the system of the Reign of Terror was eliminated, Jacobins who participated were forced out of public life, and the Constitution of the ...

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