Resume Essay

8347 words - 34 pages

REVIEW
D. Ryan Georgianna1 & Stephen P Mayfield1 .

doi:10.1038/nature11479

Exploiting diversity and synthetic biology for the production of algal biofuels
Modern life is intimately linked to the availability of fossil fuels, which continue to meet the world’s growing energy needs even though their use drives climate change, exhausts finite reserves and contributes to global political strife. Biofuels made from renewable resources could be a more sustainable alternative, particularly if sourced from organisms, such as algae, that can be farmed without using valuable arable land. Strain development and process engineering are needed to make algal biofuels practical and economically viable.
...view middle of the document...

Microalgae accumulate oil as nonpolar storage lipids, such as triacylglycerides (TAGs)1. The photosynthetic and cellular membranes of algae also contain polar lipids, such as glycolipids, phospholipids and sterols. Oils from algae can yield biodiesel through transesterification2, and gasoline (petrol) or jet fuel through distillation and cracking3. Biofuel can be produced from various sources, but yield estimates are significantly higher for algae than for any other crop. This has considerable implications for land-area requirements: algae cultivated on only 30 million hectares and yielding biofuel at a conservative estimate of 40,000 litres per hectare per year is sufficient to replace the 1,200 billion litres of petroleum used by the world’s largest consumer of petroleum, the United States (Fig. 1). The area is similar to that used for soya planting in the United States (about 29 million hectares) and roughly twice that used for the US production of corn ethanol (about 14 million hectares was used to produce almost 64 billion litres of ethanol in 2011), or an area about the size of New Mexico4–6. Furthermore, algal cultivation can use the large amount of non-arable land available for development without displacing food production, and its relatively high demand for water can be met by using low-quality sources such as waste or salt water7. Algae are almost ideal as organisms for developing the highly productive and robust crop strains that are essential for economically viable biofuel production. The search for these strains can exploit the vast diversity of algae, ranging from giant multicellular kelps to single-celled microalgae. Microalgae have been the focus of intense biofuel production efforts because of the ease, scale and speed at which they can be
1

The underlying technologies and optimization strategies for producing biofuel through agricultural and industrial commercialization are very different. In agricultural production, microalgae are cultivated in open ponds, with sunlight driving photosynthetic growth. This method uses non-arable land, consumes large amounts of CO2 during the biomass production phase and, in principle, is extraordinarily scalable — limited only by space and capital costs. But growing algae efficiently and sustainably in fully exposed outdoor ponds is difficult, and suitable cultivation systems and practices are still under development. Industrial production uses similar processes to industrial microbial fermentation in which yeast or bacteria are used as biorefining agents to produce food, beverages or high-value biotechnology products. For algae, production is driven by sunlight (in a photobioreactor) or reduced carbon sources such as sugar (in a fermentation reactor). Fermentation occurs in complete darkness and is identical to that of bacteria or yeast, which, as mature industrial technologies, have many of the systems and processes needed for algal fermentation already in place. However, fermentation has,...

Other assignments on Resume

Resume Essay

307 words - 2 pages Name Address Tel #: ; Email Address: EDUCATION University of Mumbai, Mumbai, India Candidate for Bachelor of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering, May 2011. Secured 67% aggregate in first six semesters. Jaihind College (Junior College), Mumbai, India Secured 73% at the Common Entrance Test, May 2007 Activity High School (High School), Mumbai, India Secured 78% at the SSC Examination, May 2005 EXPERIENCE Summer

Resume Work Essay

1136 words - 5 pages | | This posting will expire on 3/15/14 Supervises, coaches, and develops a team of Technical Support Representatives to fulfill company strategies, practices and procedures for serving, solving, selling. Supervises the team to deliver excellent customer services, effectively meet and exceed performance and service goals, and increase revenue through cross-selling. Primary Responsibilities and Essential Functions ¿ Formally and

Son Of Satan Resume

576 words - 3 pages Charles Bukowski has written this short story (Son of Satan). Charles Bukowski was a very famous writer and was famous for describing the atmosphere in L.A., which is why I think the story takes place in L.A. It takes place in the poor part of L.A for the reason that the main character on page 13 “walks in the bedroom and sits on the edge of the bed and looks down at his cheap shoes”. They cannot afford good shoes, so the story takes place in the

The Resume Of Kiya

1617 words - 7 pages Google: Management Structure By: Kiya Green MGT 500 Dr. David Wells November 21, 2015 Google: Management Structure There are many imitators but there is no one that can come close to Google. They have dominated the field of search engines have made competitors look sickly (Hof, 2008). The most significant thing about Google is the way they influence people to think and construct business. When Google first started, the structure of

Cv-Resume-Biodata-Job Board

574 words - 3 pages JASBIR SINGH KHALSA DOB:-28-July, 1991 ------------------------------------------------- Personal Statement A dedicated and goal orientated individual with experience within the financial services, outsourcing and recruitment industries. I possess a strong level of analytical, leadership and problem solving skills, which I have effectively utilised whilst working in various organisations. I have good interpersonal skills and the ability to

Why I Want To Join College

358 words - 2 pages necessary skills to survive and adapt to today's ever-changing world. A college education is something that I have personally wanted for a long time. None of my family members had the opportunity to go to college, simply because they could not afford it. I am blessed enough to have many years of professional work experience, but sadly without a college degree I feel that my resume is missing a vital and key element to further my career

Sychology

305 words - 2 pages , November 23-27 ................ Thanksgiving Recess, No Classes Monday, November 30................................ Classes Resume, 8 A.M. Friday, December 4 .................................... Last Day of Classes Monday-Friday, December 7-11 ................. Final Exams Friday, December 11 .................................. Residence Halls Close 2016 Spring Semester Monday – Friday, January 11-15 ................ Professional Development

Cover Letter

1685 words - 7 pages program. I recently talked with your representative John Smith at the UW-L Career Expo. John reviewed my resume and provided me with excellent information on the program. We both agreed the program would fit well with my career goals and he encouraged me to apply. I believe I am an excellent candidate for the position of Assistant Human Resource Manager available at your organization. Please accept the enclosed resume as application for the

Letter Of Interest

257 words - 2 pages my Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration with a concentration in Accounting at Devry University and my MBA in the same discipline, at Keller Graduate School of Management. I am currently pursuing a Graduate Certificate in Financial Analysis from Keller Graduate School of Management. My resume, which is enclosed, contains additional information on my experience and skills. I would appreciate the opportunity to discuss the

Intro To Business Hiring And Maintaining Employees

969 words - 4 pages questions and have a format to follow and take notes during the interview. In the resume review, the manager needs to be careful deciding who to interview. The resume depicts the potential candidate’s job history, skills, and education. It is important to make sure the candidate is qualified for the position and matches the cultural environment. When reviewing a resume, you want to look for the length of time the candidate was at their last job

Create An Email Message

490 words - 2 pages also like to schedule a conference call for Monday, May 19 at 11:00 am. The call will cover the upcoming events for the week of May 25. Regards Vialka Response 4 Sender: Vialka Gonzalez, Catering Director To: Blake Edwards Subject: Summer Job Opportunity Message: Thank you for your interest in working at Blue Bay Resort and Conference Center. I have successfully received your resume and am forwarding it to our Human Resource

Similar Documents

Resume Essay

431 words - 2 pages OBJECTIVE To obtain a challenging growth oriented position where I can prove my worth to the Organization with my technical knowledge in a supportive environment. PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE |PERIOD |ORGANIZATION |DESIGNATION | |July 2007 – Till Date Technologies Limited |Senior Systems

Resume Essay

281 words - 2 pages Summary: Professional Candidate with military background and diverse experience searching for a position where networking systems administration skills will be utilized. Education: ITT-Tech 2012-2014 Personnel Admin School U.S. Marine Corps Summary Skills: Network Protocols, Active Directory, Microsoft Desktop, Project Planning, WAN Technology, Linux Operating System

Resume Essay 283 Words

283 words - 2 pages Objective :A part- or full-time position, with a highly skilled and professional management. Determined employee with strong people skills, enthusiastic yet persistent work ethic and will provide excellent customer service. Areas of Strength | * Powerful communication skills, able to establish immediate trust and confidence. * Highly professional and effective employee * Persistent, patient, and sensitive to customer’s needs and

Resume Essay 886 Words

886 words - 4 pages ESTABLISHMENT OF YAH FOOD ENTERPRISE: MANUFACTURER OF SQUID LONGGANISA IN BATANGAS CITY A Feasibility Study Presented to the Faculty of College of Accountancy, Business, Economics and International Hospitality Management Batangas State University Batangas City In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Accounting Management Proponents: Hernandez, David Kim G. Adanza, Janine April A. Yasol