Research Papers

8621 words - 35 pages

Republic of the Philippines
Cebu Normal University
Osmeña Boulevard, Cebu City
Philippines 6000

Social Science Major 11 – Economic Planning and Strategies
Bachelor of Secondary Education Major in Social Science

Dr. Gary B. Lapiz

Management is defined in different ways. It is the process of designing or maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, efficiently accomplish selected aims, Weihrich, (1993). According to Mahony (1961), “It is the unifying and coordinating activity which combines the actions of individuals into meaningful and purposeful group endeavor”. Terry (1982) defined management ...view middle of the document...

They facilitate the use of a logical thought process that is consistent with the objectives of the firm. The capital budgeting process, for example, is based on financial market disciplines that encourage wise investment. Product planning is focused on both creating customer value and realizing the benefits of new products for the firm’s investor, not one or the other.
Management processes should be seen as a support to and not a replacement for management judgment. These processes require the development of expectations about the future and provide guidance in light of the associated assumptions. The wise manager uses these tools as inputs to decision-making which, when combined with business acumen, provide a solid basis for choice.

Management is “the art of getting things done through the efforts of other people”. Formally defined, the principles of management are the activities that “plan, organize, lead and control the operations of the basic elements of [people], materials, machines, methods, money and markets, providing direction and coordination, and giving leadership to human efforts, so as to achieve the sought objectives of the enterprise as it includes also the directing and staffing.”
Management is variedly referred to as; the manner of treating, directing, carrying on, or using for a purpose; conduct, administration, cautious handling or treatment; or the body of directors or managers of any undertaking, concern or interest collectively.
Management is the process of reaching organizational goals by working with and through people and other organizational resources. 
Management has the following 3 characteristics:
1. It is a process or series of continuing and related activities.
2. It involves and concentrates on reaching organizational goals.
3. It reaches these goals by working with and through people and other organizational resources.

Types of Managers
In addition to serving at different levels of authority, managers work in different capacities within organizations. If productivity in the form of high levels of performance effectiveness and efficiency is a measure of organizational success, managers are largely responsible for its achievement.
A line manager leads a function that contributes directly to the products or services the organization creates. For example, a line manager (often called a product, or service manager) at Procter & Gamble (P&G) is responsible for the production, marketing, and profitability of the Tide detergent product line.

A staff manager, in contrast, leads a function that creates indirect inputs. For example, finance and accounting are critical organizational functions but do not typically provide an input into the final product or service a customer buys, such as a box of Tide detergent. Instead, they serve a supporting role.

Functional managers are responsible for the efficiency and effectiveness of an area, such as accounting or marketing....

Other assignments on Research Papers

Od Papers

487 words - 2 pages For your individual written work this week, consider what you have learned about how OD and planned change are different from other forms of organization change and imagine you are presenting a paper on OD to a group of MBA students. * Compare OD and planned change to other forms of organization change, illustrating the differences. * There are many definitions that have been given to describe the process none of which are likely to

Term Papers

368 words - 2 pages Shrimps Production to select a machine out of two proposal PI and PII.The former is a semi automatic model requiring a fixed rental of Rs.3,000 p.a.and variable cost of production of Rs.1,000 p.a.and variable cost of production of Rs..0.25 perunit. The market demand has been showing fluctuation and probabilities of different demand levels have been put as follows: Demand | v.cost | Rental | Totalcost | Prob. | Expectedcost | 10,000

Question Papers

1362 words - 6 pages Examination Paper of Human Resource Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Examination Paper MM.100 Human Resource Management Subject Code-B102 Section A: Objective Type & Short Questions (30 marks)      This section consists of Multiple Choice and Short Answer type questions.  Answer all the questions.  Objective Question carries 1 mark each &Short Question carries 5 marks each. Part One Multiple Choices: 1. It is a cultural

“Sfc Sharp And The Secret Papers”

356 words - 2 pages you are setting up your things in your new desk, you discover some papers wedged between the wall and the side of the desk. You pull them out and discover that they are pages from a communication security book and marked “SECRET.” You attach a cover sheet to them and go into the security vault to talk to SGT Day. SGT Day checks the inventory and destruction certificates and discovers that SFC Sharp certified the destruction of the book these

Term Paper

405 words - 2 pages Term Paper A term paper is a research paper written by students over an academic term, accounting for a large part of a grade. Term papers are generally intended to describe an event, a concept, or argue a point. A term paper is a written original work discussing a topic in detail, usually several typed pages in length and is often due at the end of a semester. Contents   [hide]  * 1 Origin and clarity of the word * 2 History * 3


384 words - 2 pages A 'term paper' is a research paper written by students over an academic term, accounting for a large part of a grade. Term papers are generally intended to describe an event, a concept, or argue a point. A term paper is a written original work discussing a topic in detail, usually several typed pages in length and is often due at the end of a semester. There is much overlap between the terms "research paper" and "term paper". The phrase "term


524 words - 3 pages dfjkgqefwkjbqwkjfvicsnfwsdcf Essays on Food Chain and Food Chain Term Papers We offer Essays, Research Papers, Dissertations, Thesis Writing, Book Reports, Presentations and Term Papers on Food Chain. Choose from the following 4 services. - Custom written term papers on Food Chain - Plagarism free pre-written research papers on Food Chain - Expert editing of your Food Chain essay - Basic college paper on Food Chain for only $49.99 About Our

Positive Accounting Theory

273 words - 2 pages discovery of some previously unknown empirical regularities. The 1979 paper produced a methodological debate that has not been very productive. This paper attempts to remove some common misconceptions about methodology that surfaced in the debate. It also suggests ways to improve positive research in accounting choice. The most important of these improvements is tighter links between the theory and the empirical tests. A second suggested

What Is An Essay?

815 words - 4 pages student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.[citation needed] One essay guide of a US university makes the distinction between research papers and discussion papers. The guide states that a "research paper is intended to uncover a wide variety of sources on a given topic". As such, research papers "tend to be longer and more inclusive in their scope and with the amount


633 words - 3 pages Below is a free essay on "Whistleblowing" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Whistleblowing is a highly controversial and widely discussed topic in today’s society due to many high profile cases including the circumstances surrounding the Space Shuttle Challenger explosion and what was documented in the movie The Insider about the tobacco industry. Ethically, the decision for someone to


856 words - 4 pages RESEARCH PAPER TOPICS – BA 453 HRM The primary objective of your paper is to do “research” in a specific area of HRM. Such research requires the formation of a “research question” with a narrow focus to facilitate in-depth exploration and often entails a blend of field and literary research. You can elect to do primarily field or literary research. Some suggested topics are below, but you are encouraged to find one which excites your

Similar Documents


1672 words - 7 pages Gun Control Tony Thompson Grand Canyon University - Eng-106 02/16/2014 Gun Control 1 Gun Control Gun Control is one of the


369 words - 2 pages Most evidence practice is a variety of several different components usually: research-based information, clinical expertise and patient preferences. (Schmidt, pg. 39) Evidence based practice takes into account scientific evidence, and clinical expertise and for many nurses it might seem a daunting task to keep abreast of the most recent evidence and journals. Over the years nurses have seen that practice is also based upon tradition, trial and

Many Papers

415 words - 2 pages CIS 120 Assignment 1. Create a new e-mail message Start a new message On the File menu, point to New, and then click Mail Message. Keyboard shortcut: To create a new e-mail message, press CTRL+SHIFT+M. In the Subject box, type the subject of the message. 2. Add recipients Enter the recipients' names in the To, Cc, or Bcc box. Separate the names with a semicolon (;). The Bcc: field helps you deal with the problems created by Cc:. As it is

History Papers

794 words - 4 pages wife and two children. He earns a living as a violinist, on what he believes will be an out of town music gig. He is instead drugged and sold into slavery in the Deep South under the name Platt as that is for whom the slave trader has papers. Initially, incredulous to his plight, he decides that cooperation is the best way to survive. He sees few others in the same situation as him, but slowly he is separated from those with who he has built