Related Study About Academic Performance Essay

6044 words - 25 pages

ELEMENTARY STRESS AND ANXIETY 1
STRESS IN ELEMENTARY CHILDREN
By
Marcy L. Kusz
SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE
DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING AT
NORTHERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY
March 29, 2009
APPROVED BY: Derek L. Anderson, Ed.D.
DATE: March 30, 2009 ELEMENTARY STRESS AND ANXIETY 2
Table of Contents
Abstract………………………………………………………………………………. 3
Chapter I: Introduction……………………………………………………………… 4
Statement of Problem……………………………………………………………… 5
Research Question(s)………………………………………………………………. 6
Definition of Terms………………………………………………………………… 7
Chapter II: Review of Literature…………………………………………………….. 9
The ...view middle of the document...

Schools can also work to educate parents as well as the general
public on how to better help this generation of high-anxiety students. ELEMENTARY STRESS AND ANXIETY 4
Chapter I: Introduction
This literature review examines the cause of stress and anxiety in elementary
school children and what teachers and counselors can do to help these students to deal
with this stress and anxiety. There are many causes inside and outside of school that
contribute to the everyday stressors of children, things such as environmental disasters
and exposure by the media (hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, crime, murder, war, etc.),
family issues (financial, divorce, stepparents, separation, illness, homelessness, etc.), and
school issues (grades, expectations, peer interactions, bullying, etc.). ELEMENTARY STRESS AND ANXIETY 5
Statement of Problem
The purpose of this paper is to look at the increasing level of stress found in
elementary children and what can be done to help these children to cope with their stress
and anxiety. Muris, Meesters, Merckelbach, Sermon, and Zwakhalen (1988) reported that
nearly 70% of elementary school children have everyday worries and anxiety, and 5% of
elementary school children exhibit signs of extreme worry and anxiety. There are many
things that need to be considered in looking at this problem of stress in elementary school
children. What is causing the stress? How are the children dealing with the stress? What
are schools doing to help the children to deal with their stress? What can be done to help
these children to deal with this stress?
Ever increasing demands are being put on our children and we need to look at
how we can help them to better cope with these demands. Children spend 7-8 hours a day
sitting in a classroom, so clearly a teacher or counselor could make a difference in the life
of an overstress child. The research in this paper will help educators look at where they
can begin, and what can be done to help these students. ELEMENTARY STRESS AND ANXIETY 6
Research Question
What are the causes of stress and anxiety in elementary children and how can
elementary teachers and counselors help to reduce their stress and help these children
cope more effectively? ELEMENTARY STRESS AND ANXIETY 7
Definition of Terms
Adolescence: A stage of human development that occurs between childhood and
adulthood begins with puberty and ends with completed growth and physical maturity
(Pugh, 2000).
Anxiety: Distress of uneasiness of the mind caused by fear of danger or misfortune. Fear
or apprehension or dread of danger (Pugh, 2000).
Anxiety Disorders: An excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, a group of
mental disorders that cause worry, distress and fear (Grolier, 2002).
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) : A form of therapy for depression...

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