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Rekoder Essay

2747 words - 11 pages

Rekorder
Pendahuluan
Rekorder merupakan alat tiupan utama yang digunakan dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran di sekolah rendah. Bermula dari tahun 2013, pengajaran muzik menggunakan rekorder soprano telah dimasukkan dalam standard prestasi dan wajib dipelajarioleh semua murid Tahun 3. Pada tahun 2014, KSSR muzik Tahun 4, pengajaran rekorder akan mermula dengan not B, A, G serta D dan murid-murid akan mempelajari lagu-lagu muah berdasarkan not-not asas berkenaan.
Melalui tugasan ini, saya akan cuba untuk mengupas latar belakang rekoder seperti jenis-jenis rekorder, renj dan sistem penjarian. Selain itu, melalui rakaman persembahan muzikal rekorder yang saya muat turun melalui laman Youtube, ...view middle of the document...

Rekorder tergolong dalam kumpulan alat muzik tiup kayu (woodwind). Alat muzik ini mengandungibahagian peniup atau pemipit (mouthpiece) yang dipasangkan ke laras silinder yang mengandungi tujuh lubang; enam dihadapan dan satu di belakang (Zaharul Lailiddin & Mohd Nizam, 2013). Silinder yang terakhir mengandungi dua lubang berkembar dihadapan. Kadang-kala silinder ketiga ini bercantum bersama silinder kedua.
Bahagian yang paling penting dari segi penghasilan bunyi ialah bahagian kepala rekorder yang mengandungi peniup atau pemipit. 

 Rekorder merupakan alat tiupan kayu yang tertua. Ia mula dimainkan semenjak Zaman Baroque dalam sejarah muzik klasikal barat. Pada zaman Pertengahan Eropah, rekorder adalah alat muzik yang popular. Namun demikian, populariti alat muzik ini mula menurun di abad ke 18 disebabkan terciptanya alat tiupan okestra seperti klarinet, flut dan oboe yang boleh memainkan renj yang lebih luas berbanding rekorder.
Pada zaman kegemilangannya, rekorder sering diguna pakai dalam persembahan orkestra, bagi menggambarkan babak-babak bunyian burung, pengembala kambing, pengkebumian dan perkahwinan. Banyak karya komposer terkenal seperti Purcell, Bach dan Vivaldi sebagai contoh, menggunakan rekorder sebagai alat utama.
Pada abad ke 20, rekorder digunakan dalam sistem pengajaran muzik di sekolah kerana ia adalah alat yang mudah untuk dimainkan dan murah harganya berbanding alat muzik yang lain. Oleh kerana itu, sekarang ramai yang beranggapan bahawa rekorder hanyalah sekadar alat permainan kanak-kanak. Anggapan ini kurang tepat kerana rekorder adalah alat muzik  yang dipersembahkan dalam konsert berprestij oleh pemuzik profesional, sama ada secara solo atau ensembel, khususnya di negara-negara barat.

1.1    Renj dan jenis rekorder
Rekorder diperbuat dalam pelbagai jenis nada. Kebiasannya rekorder ditiun dalam nada C dan F, iaitu not yang paling rendah. Rekoder dalam nada D, Eb, G dan Bb bukanlah kebiasaan di dalam sejarah rekorder, namun ia boleh didapati pada hari ini, terutamanya rekorder tenor dalam nada D yang digelar ‘voice flute’.
     Terdapat beberapa jenis rekorder. Lima jenis yang biasa dilihat dalam ensembel rekorder ialah rekorder:
a.       Sopranino
b.      Soprano (descant)
c.       Alto
d.      Tenor
e.       Bass

Rekorder sering digunakan dalam persembahan solo ialah descant yang juga dikenali sebagai rekorder soprano. Kebanyakkan sekolah menggunakan rekoder jenis ini memandangkan ia mempunyai pic yang tidak terlalu tinggi atau terlalu rendah. Di samping itu, dari segi saiz , rekoder soprano amat sesuai dengan keadaan fizikal murid sekolah rendah yang mungkin menghadapi kesukaran untuk mengembangkan kedudukan jari untuk menutup lubang penjarian rekorder

1.1    Teknik permainan dan meniup rekoder
Untuk bermain rekoder dengan baik, teknik permainan rekoder yang betul perlu diamalkan.

1.1.1        Teknik Asas Sebelum Meniup Rekoder
·         Postur Duduk atau berdiri tegak dalam keadaan selesa...

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