Discuss and evaluate the contribution of two psychological perspectives to the promotion of good practice in a residential care services
The two psychological perspectives I have talked most about are the humanistic and cognitive approaches.
Humanistic theory says we are all unique, that we have free will and free choice. We all have certain needs that have to be met. So energy is focused on most basic physiological needs first before we can progress through the higher level needs. Humanistic theory also says that we are motivated to reach our full potential. This is self-actualisation. In residential care it is important that we help and encourage residents to move through this hierarchy of needs so they can keep developing throughout life and don’t stop just because they are in long-term residential care. I believe this is an important aspect of humanistic psychology. It helps the workers understand about needs so that good ...view middle of the document...
When the basic needs are met, then residents can be helped move through their higher needs for example, intellectual and aesthetic needs.
I like that Humanistic psychology is not deterministic, it sees individuals as being empowered and in control. This is very important is residential care.
I think Cognitive theory is important is residential care because it looks at the importance of our thoughts and feelings when looking at behaviour – thoughts and feelings make us human and I think they are important. Cognitive and information theory approaches believe that we process information from the environment and act accordingly. For example Piaget says that intellectual development occurs in stages that are liked to biological maturation. Cognitive psychology compares the human mind to a computer, suggesting that we too are information processors and that it is possible and desirable to study the internal mental / mediational processes that lie between the stimuli (in our environment) and the response we make. Pure cognitive theory rejects any idea that reduces complex human behaviour to simple cause and effect. Cognitive theory sees human behaviour as being rich and complex in nature. I believe this is important in residential care because when care workers help clients have positive thoughts, this helps with positive feelings, which are then related to positive behaviours. This cognitive triad (looking at the relationship between thoughts, feelings and actions) is an important part of health care provision, especially residential care provision. When care practitioners understand that challenging negative thoughts can help clients feel more positive emotionally, then little strategies and interventions can be planned to help with this. The long-term benefits mean that more positive feelings are better for our overall well-being and health.
However, a problem is that the cognitive approach doesn’t recognise the importance of brain chemistry so sometimes medication is required as well as cognitive interventions.
Overall, I believe that psychology is important because it helps care practitioners be batter practitioners.