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Public Health Essay

593 words - 3 pages

developed.

The Industrialized country selected is Germany and the advanced developing country selected is China. The discussion will focus on the countries’ origin, geography, population, government cultural groups and economy.
GERMANY
According to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (2012), Germany is Europe’s leading economy and second largest populated country. Germany is well known for its technological, educational achievements and economic productivity being the world’s highest; the country has produced some of Europe’s most celebrated philosophers, poets and composers (U.S. Department of State, 2012).
Origin
German- speaking regions in Europe were split into several hundred empires, duchies, principalities, fiefdoms, bishoprics, and self-governing cities and towns (U.S. Department of State, 2012). Germany did not exist until 1871 (U.S. Department of State, 2012). Goethe and Schiller the two of the most ...view middle of the document...

The country’s area is 357,022 square kilometers (sq km) with 348,672 sq km covered land and 8,350 sq km covered by water (CIA, 2012). 33.13 percent (%) of land in Germany is arable, 0.6% of the land is occupied by permanent crops and 66.27 % is occupied by others (CIA). Natural resources include copper, iron, Lignite, nickel, potash, salt, timber, natural gas, coal, and uranium; and the major natural hazard in Germany is flooding (CIA, 2012). The terrain of the country is mountainous alpine in the south, low plain in the north; high plains, hills, and basins in the center and east; and temperatures are cooler, cloudy, and wet both in winter and summer, (U.S. Department of State, 2012).
Population:
The current population is approximately 81 million which is approximately 235.18 people per square kilometer, population growth rate is negative and is estimated at -0.2 as of 2012 (CIA, 2012). Germany is trying to change its child bearing habits so as to change the trend of population growth but all in vain (Alam, Molla, Mizanur Rahman, & Murad, 2009). Infant mortality rate as of 2010 was 3.99/100 with life expectancy of 82.42 years for women and 76.26 years for men (CIA, 2012).
Population Size of the Largest City
Population size of the largest city in Germany known as Berlin is approximately 3.41 million with population density of 3,848 per kilometer squared according to 2007 statistics (U.S. Department of State, 2012). Other cities and their respective population size are; Munich with approximately 1.31 million, Hamburg (1.77 million), Hanover (521,000), Bremen (548,000), Dusseldorf (586,000), Stuttgart (602,000), Dortmund (581,000), Cologne (1 million), Essen (567,000) and Frankfurt (671,000) (U.S. Department of State, 2012).
The type of government:
Germany has a Federal republic form of government founded in 1949; the country’s major political parties are, Christian Democratic Union, Social Democratic Party, Christian Social Union, The Left, Alliance 90/Greens, and Free Democratic Party (U.S. Department of State, 2012).

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