The Neurobiological Approach
This essentially physiological approach to psychology attempts to relate human behavior to electrical and chemical activities taking place in the brain and central nervous system. Much of what has been discovered via this approach has proved extremely useful in improving the effectiveness and efficiency of human learning. Increased knowledge about how the eyes, ears and other sensory organs work and pass information to the brain, for example, has led to a greater understanding of how to attract and ...view middle of the document...
In the meantime, the neurobiological approach is proving extremely useful in providing basic data for the fifth and last major branch of psychology - cognitive psychology.
The neurobiological approach to psychology is when we look at how the neural functioning of neurons and neurotransmitters shape and affect the behavior of a person. In the case of mental illness you are looking at how a biological basis plays a part in the cause of the maladaptive human behavior. It is especially focused on how learning and the processing of information occurs within the patient.
It also focuses on how the body reacts to the environment. It is considered as a more scientific way of looking at Psychology. Neurobiological Psychologists could treat disorders with medication by first understanding of personality disorders and anti-social behavior would be that there is something wrong with the physical part of the brain, perhaps a chemical imbalance or nerves that are not firing correctly.
The neurobiological approach to psychology includes the study of the Life Sciences of anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and the nervous system in which how they are related to behavior and learning.