November 2, 2011
Philosophy 108 Moral and Social Problems
Essay Topic #3-Distributive Justice
By: Michael Capobianco
November 2, 2011
In many ways it seems unjust about how wealth and money are distributed in modern America, but there are many cases in which people with excess money have to earn every penny with hard work. In certain cases, people are born with certain talents and abilities that supply vast opportunities of which others may not have. A prime example of this would be Alex Rodriguez, who is considered one of the most talented and highly paid baseball ...view middle of the document...
In order to be educated someone has to educate us, which is why our educators enable us to achieve our goals. Successful teachers have no option but to put hard work into their career to the point of mastering their subject. Teachers have to put in the years of hard work in order to achieve their career, but somehow their income is nothing compared to an athlete who has to ability to entertain people with his talents. This aspect is affiliated with the Difference Principle created in John Rawl’s Theory of Justice. One of the main ideas of the Difference Principle is that any social and economic inequality has to be the result of an equal opportunity for everyone who it concerns. The only factor that should separate inequality of wealth is the amount of hard work put in by one over the other. This shows that it is unjust for someone like Alex Rodriguez to make such a large quantity of wealth over others because he is a prime example of someone who was gifted with the abilities and talents that many can never accomplish through infinite hard work. Personally, I feel that hard work can determine the type of person you are. Someone who puts just as much hard work into their profession as anyone else should be valued the same socially and economically. Unfortunately, is has come to the point where America has developed unjust values to the people who are the most important to our well-being and us.
There are also aspects of Rawl’s Theory of Justice that I do not agree with. For example, in his egalitarianism views he feels that all wealth between the lower, middle, and high class should be distributed evenly. I disagree in the sense that person A has worked harder to get his career than person B. Therefore the hard work exemplified by person A should pay off more than person B who did not work as hard. In many cases I feel that the extremely wealthy people deserve the excess money they possess. For example, if someone put maximum effort in high school and was successful enough to eventually graduate from Harvard as a lawyer who acquired great wealth, there is absolutely no reason why someone who coasted through high school and college from average effort should have the right to obtain the same wealth. A great real life scenario that shows why I do not believe in the egalitarianism view is a janitor compared to a teacher. It is extremely easy to argue that a janitor works just as hard as someone who teaches other, just in different ways. The difference that shows why a teacher deserves to get paid more comes from the years of college and studying needed just to be able to obtain the position as a teacher. The janitor may have to put in hours of strenuous labor, but this is originated from not taking the opportunity to maximize the janitor’s potentials in life. Since the janitor did not strive to put in the years of hard work like the teacher, there is no reason why the money obtained should be constant.
When it comes down to athletes such...