Psychology Essay

960 words - 4 pages

Development psychology can be described as the scientific approach that aims at explaining how both adults and children change over time. Most proportions of theories within the discipline majorly focus on childhood development. This is so because it tends to explain the period at which more changes occurs during an individual’s lifespan. This area of psychology focuses mostly on theoretical subjects such as; cognitive, social, emotion and biological. The main goals and objectives of developmental psychology are to explain, describe and optimize human development.
While describing human development, it is crucial to focus both on individual variations in change patterns and typical ...view middle of the document...

The cognitive process rotates around the concept that if you want to know what makes people tick, then there is need to understand the internal process of their mind. The cognitive psychology focuses mostly on how humans process the information they receive. Understanding how we treat information that comes our way and how the treatment of information leads to response.
The perspective of cognitive process uses the nomothetic approach to discover the cognitive process of human. Cognitive psychologists have however adopted ideographic techniques in the use of case studies such as HM and KF. Cognitive psychology is like a reductionist process, where all behaviors despite their complexity can be reduced to very simple cognitive processes such as perception or memory. Cognitive psychologists study human behavior using laboratory experiment. This is because the process is a scientific process. For instance, participants in the experiment take the memory tests under strict conditions.
Behaviorism assumes that all human behavior is acquired through the interaction of the environment. The symptoms are acquired through operant and classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a process that involves learning through association. The process is usually the cause of most phobias. Operant condition is a process that involves learning through punishment and reinforcement. Operant conditioning provides the possible explanation for certain abnormal behaviors such as eating disorders. It is believed that every behavior that is learned can also be unlearned. Most behavioral therapies are based on the concept of classical conditioning. The concept is that all behavior is learned (conditioning) and is the major cause of abnormal behavior. An individual can therefore correct or learn acceptable behavior. One significant feature of behavioral therapy is that it focuses on behavior and current problems. The therapy therefore tries to remove behaviors that patients finds troublesome. This is contrary to psychodynamic therapy that focuses only on how to uncover unresolved issues during childhood.
Social psychology focuses on understanding human behavior in the social context. The psychology focuses much on human behavior and how it is...

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