July, 20, 2011
Psychological Disorder Paper
Psychological disorders are stated to be abnormalities of the mind, known as mental disorders (Klasco, 2011). Abnormalities of the mind cause persistent behaviors that affect an individualâ€™s daily function and life (Klasco, 2011). The different types of psychological disorders include mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders (Klasco, 2011). The causes of these disorders are unknown, but factors that contribute to these disorders include childhood experiences, chemical imbalances in the brain, illnesses, heredity, stress, and prenatal exposures (Klasco, 2011). Psychological ...view middle of the document...
Individuals who suffer from this disorder are plagued with recurring thoughts, images, or fears (obsessions) that are uncontrollable (Chakraburtty, 2009). The anxiety (nervousness) of this disorder causes the individual to feel the urgent need to perform certain routines or rituals (compulsion) (Chakraburtty, 2009). For example, a person who has an unreasonable germ fear constantly washes their hands (Chakraburtty, 2009). The rituals are performed in an attempt to prevent or make the obsessive thoughts go away (Chakraburtty, 2009). The rituals that are performed are temporarily the person will perform the rituals again once his or her obsessive thoughts return (Chakraburtty, 2009).
Causes of OCD
The exact cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder is not clearly understood, however studies have shown biological and environmental factors playing a role in this disorder (Chakraburtty, 2009). Billions of nerve cells are contained in the human brain (Chakraburtty, 2009). These nerve cells are called neurons. The neurons communicate and work together so the body can function normally (Chakraburtty, 2009). Research has shown how low levels of serotonin can contribute to OCD (Chakraburtty, 2009). Environmental stressors can also trigger OCD (Chakraburtty, 2009). Different environmental factors that can contribute to OCD include abuse, illness, death of a loved one, work or school related problems, changes in living situations, and relationship concerns (Chakraburtty, 2009).
Relationship between Human Development and Socialization
The psychological, physical, and social behaviors experienced by an individual throughout his or her life are viewed as human development (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Socialization is stated to be the process where an individual becomes a member of a certain culture (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). When the individual becomes a member of the culture, he or she takes on the cultures behaviors and values (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Socialization and human develop have processes with delays and accelerations (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Human development and socialization are lifelong processes that have sudden transitions, changes in direction, and long-term conversions (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).
Obsessive-compulsive disorder affects 3.3 million Americans every year (UOCD, 2003). OCD affects females, males, and all ethnicities equally (UOCD, 2003). OCD is usually detected first during the teenage years, but it can begin in childhood (UOCD, 2003). OCD can have a major impact on an individualâ€™s life including his or her level of learning, financial independence, and employment status (UOCD, 2003). OCD can be a life-long condition. Individuals between the ages of 18-29, 2% suffer with OCD, 2.3% of individuals with this disorder are between the ages of 30-44, and 1.3% of adults with this disorder are between the age of 45-59, and 0.7% of adults ages 60 and up suffers from this disorder (UOCD, 2003).