Shannon A. Colon Lampley
University Of Phoenix PSY/150
September 23, 2015
Dr. P. Edvard Pharel
Psychology goes back ages ago; the three major psychologists are Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, and Carl Jung. All have different theories, but some parts of their theories are similar. All theories have the same concept of how one self can identify their own personality. The information that will be given in the next paragraphs would show how old theories from the past can still be shown now in the twenty first century.
To start off with Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychoanalytical personality is known by three factors; Id, Ego, and Superego. Freud argued ...view middle of the document...
The ages start from three to six years old. They start to realize the difference between male and female. This stage is called the phallic stage. Throughout the years a childs personality changes so much and their mentality for learning different things. During the latency stage the ages start from six to twelve years old or better known for the pree-teen years. At this stage the children are more preoccupied with doing different activities and learning new skills, it can either be sports, making friends or starting to realize school as an important part of life. During this stage, children do not pay attention to any sexual motivation. The last stage is the genital stage these are the teenage years, starting from ages 12 to 18 years old. This is the final stage of development. This stage is supposed to be when the teens start to experience relationships and masturbation. The less energy a child has left on unresolved psychosexual development but the development to the opposite sexual relationship.
The three Freudian defense mechanisms are repression, denial, and rationalization. The word repression is the ability to relegate painful memories to the unconscious. An example of regression is a daughter witnessing her father committing murder over 21 years ago. Denial is another defense mechanism that is the refusal to accept reality to a painful event. An example of denial is a drug addict saying that they are not using. The final defense mechanism is rationalization is that a student playing games on Facebook instead of doing her homework. He or she is saying that this helps them with motivation and keeps them creative juices flowing.
The next psychologist is Carl Jung, now his theory to Psychoanalytic Personality is different from Freud, yet similar in some parts. When Jung approaches psychology he has a respectable influence. He was the first modern psychologist and he believed that the human psyche is naturally religious. Being modern he understood the psyche of the world of dreams, art, mythology, religion, and philosophy. He always believed importance of balance and harmony. Now in days people rely on science and logic that would help appreciation and spirituality that comes from the unconscious mind. He also believes that the process of putting conscious and unconscious will help maintain a conscious autonomy. These are concepts of analytical psychology of Jung.
The last psychologist is Alfred Adler. The Other Neo-Freudians, Alfred Adler, is another important...